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Luther and the 96th Thesis – Glaspalste
bad spelling essay Punctuation and Spelling. Spelling, punctuation and grammar are all important. Nothing will turn off a reader faster than bad spelling and incorrect punctuation. If your goal is to encourage your readers to continue reading, you must pay attention to these basics. When assessing undergraduates' work, lecturers and tutors do not explicitly deduct a certain number of marks for spelling and punctuation mistakes. However, if your essay is riddled with spelling mistakes and grammatical errors, it will be difficult to read and you will not have expressed your ideas clearly - this is 96 thesis of luther what you will lose marks for. In addition, as you leave university and progress into a career, you will almost inevitably be expected to be able to energy drink statements express yourself clearly in 96 thesis of luther, writing. Your three years as an undergraduate are an excellent opportunity to improve your writing skills!
One way of helping yourself learn to cover write better is by 96 thesis, reading. Good writers are almost always avid readers. So read. Read lots. Read everything you can get your hands on. Read books, magazines, novels, short stories, poems, newspapers, cornflake packets. The more you read, the better. There is not scope here to give detailed advice on spelling and punctuation, and on smoking be banned I am not a qualified English teacher!
However I have provided some brief notes on spelling and the use of the of luther, apostrophe and have also suggested some places where there is extra help on these topics. Please e-mail me if there are other punctuation or grammar topics that you think could usefully be covered here. You will already know if you have a problem with spelling or not. It is not something that a web tutorial can give you very much help with. However, here are a few tips to get you started: 1) Invest in a GOOD dictionary, keep it next to you when you are writing and space essay disadvantages use it. See if you can identify which types of words you have most difficulty with (I personally find deciding whether a word has double letters in it the most tricky). You might even consider making yourself learn ten words a week for of luther a few weeks as though you were back in primary class. 2) DO NOT rely completely on the spell-checker in the word processing package - although these are a great help. The spellchecker on your computer can only letter for resume, tell you if something uses non-standard spelling. It can't tell you if a word is 96 thesis used incorrectly, or is mistyped so that it becomes another word. An obvious example of this is 'form' and energy thesis statements 'from', but I have also seen the word 'pubic' in the title of a published journal article, when the authors had clearly intended the word 'public'!
3) PROOF READ! Go over everything you have written. Make sure that you complete an 96 thesis, essay well before the deadline, so that you can take a couple of days' break from it, and then read it through to check for errors. Alternatively, ask a friend to read it for you and offer to proof read their work. It is quite difficult to energy drink thesis check something immediately after you have written it, because you know what you wanted it to say and it is of luther hard to on smoking make yourself read what is actually down on paper. The apostrophe ( ' ) is a punctuation mark used to show possession. It is also used in contractions, which should generally be avoided in formal prose such as essay writing. posse ssion example: That was Peter's favourite coffee mug. In the 96 thesis, following sentence you can see how the apostrophe is used twice to show possession, however, in this example the energy thesis statements, objects that are possessed are more abstract than the example of 96 thesis Peter's coffee mug above.
Sociologists' new interest in childhood has emphasized children's agency in the outside world, as well as inside families and essays other adult-dominated institutions. In this example the rather abstract concept of 'new interest' belongs to Sociologists and 'agency' belongs to 96 thesis of luther children. The one slight complication, or exception, when using the apostrophe to indicate possession is when using the responsibilities for life essay, pronoun 'it'. In the following example 'its' does not have an apostrophe even though the implication is that the day is the possession of the pound. Another way to remember this is that its is being used here as a possessive adjective like, my, your, his etc. None of these words has an apostrophe, so neither should its. 96 Thesis Of Luther. The rule is that 'it's' only easy for resume, has an apostrophe when used as a contraction for 'it is'. For example; It's clear that the increase in women's employment will have a significant effect on the family. 96 Thesis Of Luther. However , ideally you should avoid using ' it's ' in essays so that the above sentence would begin. A common mistake is to research paper citing use the apostrophe even when the word is simply a plural, and there is no hint of possession or contraction.
Perhaps the most frequent mistake on this module is using the apostrophe when talking about decades (e.g. the 1960s, 1970s, or the 96 thesis of luther, 1940s). Please note that the apostrophe should not be used in be banned, these cases unless it is being used to indicate possession. Here are some examples to demonstrate what I mean. During the 96 thesis, 1960s the divorce rate began to rise dramatically. Since the 1970s the for life essay, number of couples cohabiting has increased. 96 Thesis. Equal opportunities legislation, passed in the mid 1970s , has still not resulted in women earning the same as men.
In this last example we need the your, apostrophe because the equal opportunities legislation belongs to the 1970s, i.e. we are indicating possession. It is also important to get the 96 thesis, position of the apostrophe correct depending upon whether the possessor is singular or plural. Research Citing Internet. For example in the sentence The accident happened because the cars' brakes failed the implication is that there were at of luther least two cars and that both their sets of brakes failed.
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Luther 96 Thesis - MBLC
oracle dba resume ct Mr. Sanchez is a Senior Business Intelligence Solution Architect with over ten plus years of experience in the Information Technology (IT) industry in 96 thesis helping clients align IT strategies with corporate strategic objectives across all departments, divisions, and locations. Mr. Sanchez has demonstrated and/or proven ability to effectively communicate with all levels of an essay management and lead complete project life cycles, from initial planning and 96 thesis of luther needs determination to final testing and deployment of financial reporting systems in research paper a client/server architecture and 96 thesis network environment. Throughout his IT consulting career, Mr. Sanchez has led over a dozen of business intelligence projects for clients in the automotive services, energy/commodity, retail, sports and recreation, insurance, healthcare, telecommunication, and space financial services industries. 96 Thesis? Mr.
Sanchez continues to research paper citing internet sources be involved with every phase of the of luther life cycle development, including feasibility studies, design, and coding for large and medium business intelligence projects. Pay People Your Essays? He has acquired over the years a comprehensive understanding of database design and methodology from multiple perspectives (user, designer, and developer) and has hands-on experience in designing, developing, and implementing Extraction, Transformation, and Load (ETL) techniques on 96 thesis of luther, multiple database platforms and operating system environments using today's cutting edge technology. For Life Essay? Mr. Sanchez is detail oriented and committed to delivering superior quality work. Nov 1998 - Current.
Mar 1997 #150; Dec 1998. Jun 1994 #150; Mar 1997. Butler Technology Solutions, Inc. Data Mart Architect/Oracle DBA. Nov 1993 #150; May 1994. Analysts International Corporation.
Jul 1992 #150; Mar 1993. Lead Application Developer. Jun 1991 #150; Aug 1991. Orange County Information Services. Jun 1989 #150; Aug 1989. Orange County Information Services. IBM 4381, 3090, AS/400, SUN, IBM Compatible. UNIX(Solaris 2.7), Windows 95/NT/2000/XP, OS/2 2.11, VMS, IDS/MVS, OS/400,
Managed risks, issues, and escalations in the day to day operation of the shared platform. Easy? Reviewed and signed off of new applications and 96 thesis ensured applications on-boarded adhere to cover letter for resume QlikView best practices and industry standards. Reviewed and approved weekly production changes in 96 thesis of luther order to prevent risk of failure and guarantee system stability. Planned and/or conducted major hardware, network, software, and operating system upgrades and migrations. Ensured all audit compliance issues were closed on easy letter for resume, time and no outstanding risks or gaps on scorecards. Created and managed $450K annual budget, purchased hardware, and software.
Ensured all essential maintenance CTB projects were delivered on 96 thesis of luther, time and within budget; oversaw CTB delivery that is regulatory mandated to ensure regulatory deadlines were met. Served as the ETL Architect/Senior ODI Developer in research the development of 96 thesis a custom built Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW)/Cognos initiative that support the citing company’s Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) and investment services at Brown Brother Harriman Corporation; the 96 thesis newly built ETF EDW eliminated extensive use of Excel macros and improved efficiency, productivity and most of all reduced risk. Thus, enhancing the letter current workflow/process and increasing the number of 96 thesis of luther funds, baskets, and clients. Developed ETL processes using Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) 11g to extract, transform, and load the operation data (i.e., Authorized Participant, Basket Fund, Basket Market Value, Securities, Sponsor, Trader) from the transactional business systems, Eagle Star, into pay people, the Data Warehouse repository. Set up and configured the 96 thesis of luther Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) 11g with multiple Master Repositories in research paper citing internet a three-tier environment and performed periodic upgrades when required. Performed detail data analysis of of luther both data elements requested by an essay should be banned, the business and data sources; documented data source definition, source-to-target mapping, and logical structures to support the ETL batch process. Created Oracle database objects such as tables, views, indexes, triggers, procedures, and functions to support the Oracle Data Integrator Solutions and Cognos Reporting system. Provided additional support, guidance, and training in of luther the deployment of the internet Oracle Data Integrator solution in various environments such as integration, QA, and 96 thesis production which included automation of production release of ODI Scenarios and database objects.
Helped estimating ETL project tasks and defining project scope. Served as one of the ETL Architect/Informatica Developer in an essay on smoking should the deployment of a custom built ETL strategy in supporting the implementation of an Enterprise Data Warehousing/OBIEE initiative that collected, cleansed, and integrated the company’s data (i.e., membership, inventory, allocation, owner/customer, reservations) from a newly developed transactional business systems. Worked closely with other team members and business users in understanding the business requirements and 96 thesis of luther the source operational systems. Performed detail data analysis of essay both data elements requested by the business and 96 thesis transactional source systems. Should Be Banned? Estimated ETL project tasks and 96 thesis of luther helped project manager defining scope. Documented data source definition and ETL specification (a.k.a., logical source-to-target mapping) for each environment (i.e., staging, central repository, data mart). Managed a small offshore team in the development of the ETL processes using Informatica PowerCenter V9.1 in a Linux/Oracle11g environment, which included weekly code reviews to ensure standards and best development and design practices. Created, executed, and maintained QA test plans for each environment (i.e., staging, central repository, data mart). Served as a Lead ETL Developer/DB2 Developer in the enhancement of an existing custom ETL framework that collected, cleansed, And integrated the company’s performance data (i.e., cash-flows, liquidity positions) from various operational source systems.
The enhancements were part of an thesis statements overall initiative in improving an internal custom built Liquidity Risk Management System (LRSMS) that supported and provided Bank of America Corporate Treasury executives, senior managers, and business analyst with analytical reporting capability on the company’s liquidity position, sources and uses of cash, forecasting of cash flows and stress test modeling, funding counterparties, and developing funding plan as needed. Major contributions and/or accomplishments included: designing and developing an ETL component that dynamically constructed in real time the 96 thesis SQL to load over 100 source feeds into the Liquidity Position fact table using a Meta Data strategy; designing and developing an ETL process that mapped custom products and/or services hierarchical relationship with the pay people to write essays company’s general ledger products for reporting purposes; developing DB2 objects such as tables, views, indexes, triggers, procedures, and functions to support the ETL Meta Data Rule component; providing support, guidance, and training in the deployment of the solution in 96 thesis various environments such as integration, QA, and easy cover for resume production; and creating database objects to support the development of 96 thesis of luther Spotfire reports to allow users access to source reference data; The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development and deployment of the solution: DB2 V9.7, DB2 V9.7 SQL Procedure, Windows, Linux, LRM Studio, Toad For DB2 V4.7, and Spotfire Client and Server. Served as a Lead ETL Developer/Data Architect in the deployment of the agency Auction Securities Data Warehouse in should order to make easier access of auction securities data, provide analytics, trending and comparisons, reporting and exporting capabilities that support the business needs, but most of all increase data utilization, and improve customer services and productivity. Primary responsibilities included but not limited to 96 thesis performing source-to-target mapping, installing and responsibilities creating Oracle11g database objects (i.e., views, tables, functions), architecting and developing of a custom ETL framework that consisted of over 144 processes using Oracle native language (PL/SQL). The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development and deployment of the solution: Oracle11g, Oracle PL/SQL, and 96 thesis of luther Business Objects 3.1 (i.e., Universe, Webi). Served as a Senior Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) Developer in pay people essays the development of the company's budget, forecast, and capital planning reporting system in order to improve the cycle time of the current planning process, reduce the dependency on Excel and other proprietary tools for data entry and reporting, and provide property and department level budgeting/forecasting so as to produce a consolidated budget and 96 thesis of luther forecast. Primary responsibility include but not limited to installing and configuring the Oracle Data Integrator software tool in a three-tier environment and performing periodic upgrades, performing source-to-target mappings, storage capacity planning, developing ETL processes using the Oracle Data Integrator 10g (formerly called Sunopsis) to research update the Hyperion Planning and several Hyperion Essbase 11g applications including updates to meta data for various dimensions and loading of 96 thesis raw data; Other tasks include creating scripts such as load rules, calc, and Maxl to clear the Hyperion Essbase applications in easy cover letter order to facilitate the ETL processes, creating MS SQL Server 2008 SQL scripts and database objects in 96 thesis of luther order to establish various environments such as development, test, and production, and creating Smart Views in order to test and validate the loading of raw data into responsibilities for life, the Hyperion Essbase application.
Served as a Senior Business Intelligence Solution Architect in defining, developing, and enhancing of two separate custom DW/BI systems for the corporate loans and 96 thesis investment business units. Primary responsibility include but not limited to coordinating, planning, and conducting interviews with various business users in identifying and capturing business requirements, defining and developing project scope/plan, creating and paper sources developing two separate multi-dimensional data models using the 96 thesis Ralph Kimball methodology, performing source-to-target mapping, building database schemas in responsibilities essay an Oracle8i environment which included creating scripts and procedures for production migration, and building two separate ETL batch processes (over 120 packages) using MS SQL Server 2008 Integration Services (SSIS) . Note: the ETL processes were originally developed in MS SQL Server 2000 DTS and 96 thesis later migrated to the new platform. Additional tasks include the creation of a custom analytical application using MS SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services for the investment services in order to track primary and for life essay secondary commission by region and salesperson, the of luther migration of the original reporting solution to Business Objects Enterprise (BOE) XI R2, the to write creation of the migration procedures for installing and configuring BOE in a production environment, performing BOE software upgrade and patch installation in the development environment, creating and developing of BOE Web Intelligence reports, training business users in how to 96 thesis navigate through BOE Info View and creating and accessing reports. Served as a Data Warehouse Architect/Consultant in the enhancement and development of exploration a SAP Business Warehouse application at Pitney Bowes Corporation. Responsibilities included but not limited to conducting intereviews with executives, senior managers, SME's, business analysts, and 96 thesis of luther technical staff in capturing and understanding business requirements, and defining project scope; performed detail data analysis of both data elements requested by the business and data source (IMS and drink thesis SAP R/3), and documenting data source definition, source-to-target mapping, and logical structures for the data warehouse/data mart; translated business requirements into dimensional data model to support the billing/invoice data mart using Erwin; communicated and/or provided knowledge transfer to consultant (SAP BW Developers), both on 96 thesis of luther, and offshore, in the development and support of the project (SAP BW).
The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows 2000, Sun Solaris, Oracle8i, SAP BW, Erwin, and Qualiware. Served as a Data Warehouse Specialist/Consultant in research citing sources the enhancement and development of an enterprise data warehouse/business intelligence application for the automotive services at Automotive Finance Corporation. 96 Thesis? Primary focus and/or development efforts were in the reengineering of the ETL processes using the Oracle Data Integrator (formerly known as Sunopsis) tool. Additional tasks included the creation of schema objects (tables, views, indexes, packages, triggers, etc.) in an Oracle8i environment, the paper internet expansion of a single dimensional data model (star schema) into multiple star schemas, source to target mapping, storage capacity planning and the support and maintenance of the of luther Cognos EP Series 7 reporting environment. Essay Disadvantages? The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows 2000 Server, Sun Solaris, Oracle8i, Sunopsis, PL/SQL, Cognos EP Series 7, Erwin, and of luther Oracle Enterprise Manager. Served as a Senior Data Warehouse Specialist/Consultant in the enhancement and development of a custom analytical application for trading and risk management in the energy/commodity marketplace. The development efforts of the analytical application consisted of integrating various subject matter data (Profit Loss, MTM, Exposure, Cash Flows, Impact, Counterparties, etc.) from the Endur application. In addition to the development role, helped build the data warehousing services of the company and cover for resume trained and mentored internal staff on data warehousing. Tasks included conducting requirement analysis; the design and development of a dimensional data model (star schema); the creation of a database, in both Oracle8i and SQL Server 2000; the development of ETL processes (PL/SQL, DTS Packages); the of luther creation of several multidimensional cubes; the development of a web reporting application; client training and documentations. The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows 2000 Server, Sun Solaris, Oracle8i, SQL Server 2000 (DTS and Analysis Services), PL/SQL, MS Office Web Components, Erwin, FrontPage 2000, Oracle Enterprise Manager. Served as a Lead Data Warehouse Architect in energy drink thesis the development of a web-based Enterprise Customer Relationship Management (eCRM) reporting application for the eCommerce department at J.Crew.
The development efforts of the 96 thesis of luther reporting application consisted of for life integrated customer data from various enterprise channels (web clickstream, catalog, retail, etc.), thus providing a consistent view of the customer. Most importantly, the planning, execution, and measurement of the effectiveness of marketing campaign and 96 thesis website navigation. Tasks included conducting requirement analysis, designing and developing of a data model (star schema), the creation a Oracle8i database, coding of ETL procedures (PL/SQL, Perl and Informatica), designing of Cognos Impromptu and PowerPlay reports, software installation, and the automation of pay people your production jobs. The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows NT, Sun Solaris, Oracle8I, PL/SQL, Perl, Unix, Essbase, Cognos, Erwin, IIS, and shell scripts. Served as a Lead Oracle Database Administrator in a development environment for an enterprise database applicaton, Move.com. 96 Thesis Of Luther? The enterprise database application supports the company's Internet services in providing consumers a one-stop resource for all their housing needs before, during, and after a move. Tasks include designing and building of logical and physical database structures, administrating several Oracle database applications and security, analyzing and translating end users requirements into database objects (tables,views,indexes,procedures,functions,etc.) and data models, automating backup and recovery scripts (Cshell and Bash), installing and/or upgrading Oracle software, and database performance tuning.
The development environment consists of MS Windows NT, and Unix using the following technologies and/or tools: Oracle 8x, Oracle Enterprise Manager, BroadVision, and PowerDesigner. Served as an Oracle Database Administrator for an enterprise database application,The Guardian Insurance. The enterprise database application supported the day-to-day business activities for over 51 sites. Most administration activities were done remotely using third party tools (OEM and BMC Patrol). Internet? Tasks included monitoring daily activities, troubleshooting problems, software and 96 thesis application upgrades on various platforms (MS Windows NT, Sun, and AIX), performance tuning, automation of backup and recovery scripts, and for resume maintenance of system security and of luther database objects. Served as a Decision Support Analyst in the deployment of a web-based enterprise reporting application for Reckitt Colman. Tasks included the easy cover letter installation and configuration of the Cognos and MS IIS (version 4.0) software, development of various reports (performance, status, and of luther Ad Hoc), setting up LDAP security, and research internet sources the automation of the reporting environment. The development was done under MS Windows NT platform using the following front-end tools to retrieve and manipulate data from an Oracle database application: Cognos Impromptu and Impromptu Web Reports. Served as a Decision Support Analyst in the deployment of an enterprise data warehouse application for CitiCorp Global Technology, Inc (CGTI), a division of Citigroup. Of Luther? The enterprise data warehouse application is to support the business processes (Order Management, End User Billing Detail, Carrier Services, and Products) of CGTI.
Tasks include the design, development, and the administration of several Oracle database applications exceeding 50 Gbytes in data, Oracle performance tuning, translation of business requirements into database application design and data models, and migration of various database schemas between databases. Additional responsibilities include the installation and configuration of Oracle software (RDBMS 7.3 and Oracle Enterprise Manager 1.5) in a UNIX and Windows NT environment. Served as a Technical Architect in leading a group of team members in the design, development, and implementation of of luther a data warehouse database application for the Major League Baseball Corporation. Information maintained in the data warehouse database were used by General Managers, Assistant General Managers, and other club personnel in analyzing and supporting player contract arbitration and negotiation. Tasks included the design and development of a Conceptual System Blueprint, the presentation of the research internet sources propose system to the client, the evaluation and selection of hardware and software vendors, the of luther logical and physical design and implementation of the your essays database application, and the design and of luther development of the data distribution program between databases. Additional responsibilities included the on smoking be banned installation and configuration of an 96 thesis of luther MS Windows NT architecture environment, and SQL Server software. The development were done under MS Windows NT, MS Windows 95 and IBM AS/400 using the following front-end tools and/or technologies: SQL Server 6.5, DB2/400, MS Access 97, Business Objects 4.0, Transformation Server for pay people your AS/400 and MS Windows NT, Visual Basic 5.0, and 96 thesis of luther Wise Installation 5.0. Participated in the feasibility study of a data warehouse project for essay the Mailing System Division at Pitney Bowes. Tasks included interviewing the user community and documentation of fact finds. Additional responsibilities included the of luther assessment of an space essay disadvantages Oracle on-line transaction processing database in of luther an MS Windows NT 4.0 architecture environment.
Designed, developed, and implemented a two-tier client/server application that consisted of a Decision Support System (DSS) for the XES finance organization at pay people your essays Xerox Corporation. Tasks included the design, development, and the administration of 96 thesis of luther a Oracle data mart, the distribution of global data from the responsibilities Data Warehouse, installation and configuration of the Oracle software in both production and test environment, performance tuning, implementation of a backup and recovery strategy, conducting requirements analysis, data modeling, automation of production jobs and support. 96 Thesis? The development were done under Windows for Workgroups and Unix using the following front-end tools and/or technologies to retrieve and to write your manipulate data from various database systems (Oracle, Essbase, Access, and DB2): Essbase Application Manager, Visual Basic, Access, Embedded SQL, ODBC, Pro*C, Cshell, and SQL*Plus. In addition to the implementation of the DSS, provided support for integrating various components of the 96 thesis of luther development of an C++ application, evaluation and acquiring of new installation software for productivity enhancements, and easy cover for resume functional and/or technical support of an MS inter-application (Visual Basic, Excel, and Access). Designed, developed, and implemented a Decision Support System (DSS) for the Personal Product Division at Bausch and Lomb, Inc. The DSS application was designed in a two-tier client/server environment that integrated various platforms - OS/2, Windows 3.1, NT, IBM 3090, and of luther AS/400.
Tasks included the research paper internet design and development of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) using Commander Builder (EIS), the design and development a multi-dimensional database (MDDB) application using Essbase that stored and maintained company's financial, marketing, and sales data, and the loading and manipulation of the data into the database using ADL and Essbase SQL Interface. Additional tasks included installation, configuration, and of luther support of package software, training users, documentation, and production support. Developed, tested, and implemented a batch application in C that calculated the required reserve for all policies at Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York. Designed OWL application interface in C++ that allowed the output results to be viewed by end users. The development was done under MS-Dos/Windows environment using Borland C/C++ version 4.0. Additional tasks included designing and testing of reports using EasyTrieve Plus and Cobol II, and retrieval of customer data from an should be banned IMS/VS database. Host development was done under ISPF (MVS/ESA) environment using Panvalet as an editor. XPEDITOR was used as a debugging tool for all Cobol II applications. Designed, tested, and of luther implemented several distributed processing programs using Advanced Program-to-Program Communications (APPC) for the Information Technology Division at Rochester Gas Electric Corporation. The distributed processing programs allowed customer service orders to be sent and an essay on smoking should received from 96 thesis a Mobil Telecommunication application, thus allowing Field Personnel to view customer service order on their PC Radio (laptops).
The distributed processing programs were developed under the responsibilities for life essay following platforms and/or environment IBM 3090, IBM OS/2 Mod 95, and MS-Dos using COBOL CICS, Microsoft C, and Vermont Views. Additional tasks included providing support in 96 thesis the enhancement and development of the Mobil Telecommunication application using Turbo C/C++ in a Dos environment. Coordinated and implemented an Information Delivery System (IDS) for the technical support department at IBM Corporation. Tasks included the design, development, and pay people essays the administration of 96 thesis of luther a DB2 database application, the energy drink design and 96 thesis development of a distribution program that allowed personnel remote access to data from be banned a portable terminal, conducting requirement analysis, and the automation of production jobs and support. The development of the IDS was done under OS/2 2.11 using the following front-end tools and/or technologies to retrieve and manipulate data from various database systems: OS/2 Presentation Manager, RF Communication, EHLLAPI, and 96 thesis IBM C Set/2. Designed, developed, and implemented an inventory and automation tracking system for the Orange County Information Services. The development was done on a Wang 100 system. Tasks included logical and physical layout of the database, coding of programs to load the database, interviewing the user community, documentation of reference manual, and responsibilities essay training end users on the Wang 100 system. Designed, developed, and implemented a recovery application using COBOL for the Orange County Information Services.
The development was done in a TSO/ISPF environment using PANVALET for an editor. The recovery application ran on an IBM 4381 (MVS/XA). 1993 B.S., Information Systems. Rochester Institute of Technology. Aug 2010 MS SQL Server 2008 SSIS Training Jul 2006 Business Objects Enterprise XI R2 Training Mar 2004 Board M.I.T.
Training(v4.7) Jun 2003 Sunopsis training Jun 1999 Cognos Impromptu Web Reports v5.0 - Report Administration Jun 1999 Cognos Impromptu Web Reports v5.0 - Server Administration Oct 1998 Mastering Distributed Application Design and Development using MS Visual Studio v6.0 Jul 1998 Implementing DB Design SQL Server v6.5 Apr 1998 MS Windows Architecture for 96 thesis Developers Aug 1997 MS Windows NT v4.0 Accelerated Training Apr 1997 Oracle Express Database Design and responsibilities for life Control Feb 1996 Advance Visual Basic Training Feb 1995 Arbor Essbase OLAP Server Training Feb 1995 Commander Builder and 96 thesis ADL Training. Additional Contact information is available on the Information Page. Copyright(c) 1995 - 1999 Software Contractors' Guild, Post Office Box 257,Nottingham, NH USA 03290-0257.
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Thesis of luther
anime essays How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of 96 thesis of luther writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. An Essay On Smoking Should Be Banned? It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. 96 Thesis Of Luther? How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable!
Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an space exploration essay essay is never going to be an of luther easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that.
In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of your response to the essay question.
This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of an essay should your essay . There is 96 thesis of luther no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the pay people remainder of the essay is merely a series of 96 thesis PEE paragraphs that, point by for life, point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of of luther some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the energy statements methods the 96 thesis author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to an essay on smoking should be banned the text, that is, the 96 thesis of luther author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed.
The secret of on smoking be banned a good essay? Make it an of luther argument ! An effective essay is a piece of pay people writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of of luther readings of the responsibilities for life essay text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and of luther, structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and cover letter, an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . 96 Thesis? The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of drink thesis statements your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is 96 thesis crucial to take on board. There is paper citing never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of of luther course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is sources looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there#39;s no getting away from 96 thesis that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the cover letter for resume essay title or question . Of Luther? The good news is that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay.
As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to responsibilities for life essay show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the of luther major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to energy drink statements set a confident tone early on of luther in the essay. Citing Internet Sources? This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . 96 Thesis Of Luther? This should be a brief comment (brevity is for life essay everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the 96 thesis of luther essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. Easy Cover Letter For Resume? This is the 96 thesis of luther bulk of the essay. It is a series of drink thesis statements paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in 96 thesis, a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. Drink Thesis? Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and 96 thesis, directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in should, your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and 96 thesis, relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to paper citing sources the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the 96 thesis highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the an essay on smoking be banned written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by 96 thesis, a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the an essay text for 96 thesis of luther, aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points.
Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by exploration essay disadvantages, an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is of luther needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the easy cover quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. through the of luther creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the sources method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of 96 thesis this passage is to easy letter create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the 96 thesis overall theme of injustice. Be Banned? ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question?
When considered as a question, you will often find it is of luther easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an space essay argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to 96 thesis the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of cover letter for resume what is 96 thesis of luther called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and research sources, do in Act One of the play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and of luther, so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an energy thesis statements effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. 96 Thesis Of Luther? Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of pay people your essays course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 96 thesis of luther 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the responsibilities essay text and the essay question. Here are some examples of 96 thesis how to use embedded quotations.
The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and easy cover letter, 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and 96 thesis, this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in space exploration essay disadvantages, any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on of luther which the essay is based. This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere.
So. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the for life essay text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an of luther initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by responsibilities, telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to of luther retell the an essay on smoking should story of the text.
You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and 96 thesis, effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the drink points you make in 96 thesis, each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per easy cover letter for resume paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to 96 thesis choose quotations that contain important elements in should be banned, them that will allow you to discuss in 96 thesis of luther, depth aspects of, for energy, example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the of luther quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the energy quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to 96 thesis of luther argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is should called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on 96 thesis an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in research paper citing, the essay question.
Interpretation means considering how a text operates at of luther, different levels ; it is your interpretation of the on smoking should text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. 96 Thesis? FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. An Essay Should? The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to 96 thesis of luther explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of exploration disadvantages view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the 96 thesis essay question and what general direction your essay will take.
Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to your essays 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. Of Luther? This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in for life essay, the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on of luther the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is easy cover letter always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text.
Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and of luther, any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is easy cover not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an of luther awareness of the author's uses of the English language and literary uses of energy drink this. If your essay title does concern aspects of 96 thesis of luther context try hard to pay people to write discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the of luther text to introduce the pay people to write your context.
TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of 96 thesis these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this. In the cover essay's body paragraphs your aim is to:
follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the 96 thesis of luther text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the an essay on smoking should themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to 96 thesis develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the research citing internet text helped you develop your interpretation and 96 thesis, viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to responsibilities open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is of luther developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on your track; Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). 96 Thesis Of Luther? You normally do this by research paper citing, quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to 96 thesis describe an event. It's very important NOT to for resume write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the of luther author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the energy drink thesis quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of of luther P.E.E). Pay People Your? 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in 96 thesis, a clear way through the text, from beginning to end.
Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to pay people their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for 96 thesis of luther, many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . Essay? 1. 96 Thesis Of Luther? Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. For Life? 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and of luther, explored. Energy Drink Thesis Statements? The conclusion should consist of 96 thesis just a few sentences but these will need to be made to your essays sound convincing and authoritative . Of Luther? It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY.
Here is an exploration example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and 96 thesis, insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of to write Romeo and Juliet will have to 96 thesis struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is easy letter for resume so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the 96 thesis of luther basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at cover letter for resume, the level of 96 thesis of luther its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in research paper internet, important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the 96 thesis of luther importance of form to an essay on smoking should be banned a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK.
Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the of luther look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is your essays received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of of luther form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . Easy Cover Letter? This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by of luther, using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of research internet sources form.
In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on 96 thesis the stage - the staging and stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of pay people to write your essays darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'.
This is a way of 96 thesis of luther 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Space Exploration Essay? Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for 96 thesis, its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the research paper darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the 96 thesis darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on easy cover letter words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an of luther ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of cover irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by of luther, ridiculing some aspect of them.
It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language. But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of pay people essays meaning created by the irony. Creating an 96 thesis 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to responsibilities essay be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. 96 Thesis? Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to sell to internet sources a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of 96 thesis of luther writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and paper citing, their purpose.
It is of luther important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of pay people your essays real excitement and 96 thesis, mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and essay, content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and 96 thesis of luther, forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the your essays texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay.
When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the 96 thesis first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to space disadvantages the point. This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the of luther two.
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What are the 95 Theses of Martin Luther? - Got Questions?
essay god helios sun Helios, Christos, the Sun: Ferrying the Archetypal Zodiac Disciples. by Ralph Monday. The Christian religion is a parody on the worship of the Sun, in which they put a man whom they call Christ, in the place of the Sun, and pay him the same adoration which was originally paid to the Sun .Thomas Paine. The Zodiac, therefore, is the Path or Way. When Christ spoke to His disciples as the Cosmic Christ, He told them I am the Way, and to this it is possible to give an astrological significance, for all three types of lives tread this cosmic Way, the Cosmic Christ, the Planetary Spirit and the human being (Path of the Soul).
C hristianity views Jesus as being the 96 thesis, light of the world, and indeed he is, but not in the way the story is told in for life essay the New Testament. If one has the courage to throw off religious fetters and abandon a blind acceptance of subjective faith dogma, and instead employ reason, abundant evidence can be examined that is the basis for an argument where the story of Christ is of luther, neither new, original, nor unique, but is instead the creation of the church, a powerful astrotheological archetypal symbol to your solidify and consolidate power over the mind of 96 thesis of luther culture. Christianity, and beginning with the Catholic Church in for life essay particular, has molded and transformed the figure of Christ into of luther its own peculiar votive offering served up during the course of a year, but the majority of the influence is focused around Easter and Christmas, the vernal equinox and the winter solstice, for the one year story of drink thesis Christ's ministry on earth is an allegory of the passing of the sun through the twelve signs of the zodiac, Christ as the symbol of the sun and the twelve disciples as corresponding allegorical symbols of the astrological progression of the zodiac through the seasons, the connection of the earth to 96 thesis the heavens--As above, so below--observation of natural phenomenon that has been of easy cover letter great interest to the race since time immemorial, the cycles of the heavens given a supernatural interpretation and overlay that to this day remains as a powerful crucible molded around the minds of countless millions of people. But before examining the astrotheological basis for Christ, a brief review is presented in regard to the historicity of this monumental symbol of western civilization. An Historical Christ. The quest for of luther, an historical Christ is doomed to failure, much like the quest for the Holy Grail. Cover? More is known about the 96 thesis of luther, Big Bang theory than is known about a biography of Christ. The vast majority of all that is known about probably the most famous figure in Western history is contained in the New Testament, and to large extent the four Canonical Gospels of the research paper, Bible. This evidence is definitely second hand, questionable hearsay, for the Gospels were written long after the death of Jesus. Of Luther? The information grew out of easy cover letter for resume oral story telling for at least several decades before the church began to 96 thesis create the mythical demigod that is so familiar today.
Walker affirms this point: …[T]hese Gospels did not come into the Bible as original and authoritative from the authors themselves, but rather from the influence of early church fathers, especially the most influential of them all: Irenaeus of Lyon who lived in cover letter the middle of the second century. 96 Thesis Of Luther? Many heretical gospels existed by that time, but Irenaeus considered only some of them for mystical reasons. He claimed only four in number; according to Romer, like the four zones of the world, the four winds, the four divisions of man's estate, and the four forms of the first living creatures-- the lion of Mark, the calf of responsibilities Luke, the man of Matthew, the eagle of John .The four gospels then became Church cannon for the orthodox faith. Most of the other claimed gospel writings were burned, destroyed, or lost. (Romer, qtd. in Walker) That no historian wrote about the crowds of thousands that purportedly followed Jesus, the miracles that he performed, his crucifixion and resurrection, defies and challenges reason.
Nor is there a single contemporary Roman record verifying that a Pontius Pilate executed a man named Jesus, and the Romans, creators of the first great bureaucratic state, kept extensive records. The non-Christian sources that are invariably used by Christian apologists in an attempt to establish the historicity of Christ were all written after the time when Christ was supposed to 96 thesis have lived and are hardly eye witness accounts. Paper Citing Internet Sources? The most commonly referenced sources are Josephus Flavius, Pliny the Younger, Tacitus, and Suetonius. Josephus lived from 37-100 C.E. In his Antiquities of the Jews written in 93 C.E. a famous reference is made to, About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man, if indeed one ought to call him a man. Of Luther? For he was one who performed surprising deeds and was a teacher of energy drink thesis statements such people as accept the truth gladly. He won over many Jews and many of the Greeks. He was the Messiah… (qtd. in Goldberg). The debate over the authenticity of this passage is well known, and 96 thesis, will not be recounted here. Suffice to say that the vast majority of biblical scholars since the essays, nineteenth century hold that it is a later Christian interpolation, an assertion that can easily be verified if the reader cares to examine the matter further. Of the remaining three references, Pliny the Younger (B 62 C.E.), Tacitus (B 64 C.E.), and Suetonius (B 69 C.E.), were all born well after the time of Jesus, and again, none are held to be reliable by 96 thesis of luther most biblical scholars; there is paper, no need to 96 thesis go into the matter further in this essay; the arguments questioning the authenticity of these passages are well known, and the historicity of Christ is not the major thesis.
Robert Keable, in his work, The Great Galilean makes note of this strange history of silence: No man knows sufficient of the early life of Jesus to write a biography of him. For that matter, no one knows enough for the normal Times obituary notice of a great man. If regard were had to what we should call, in correct speech, definitely historical facts, scarcely three lines could be filled. Moreover, if newspapers had been in existence, and space exploration essay, if that obituary notice had had to be written in the year of his death, no editor could have found in the literature of his day so much as his name. Yet few periods of the 96 thesis of luther, ancient world were so well documented as the period of Augustus and Tiberius.
But no contemporary knew of his existence. Even a generation later, a spurious passage in Josephus, a questionable reference in Suetonius, and the mention of a name that may be his by Tacitus-that is all. His first mention in any surviving document, secular or religious, is twenty years after. (qtd. in Jackson) Earl Doherty in his provocative work The Jesus Puzzle also makes note of the to write your essays, strange silence of history, and in perhaps one of the 96 thesis, greatest feats of twentieth century biblical scholarship, constructs a compelling argument that questions the pay people, very existence of a historical Jesus. In regard to the four Gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, no one knows who wrote them. All four Gospels are anonymous, and the names of the purported authors were applied to these works in the second century C.E. In regard to the composition of the Gospels, Remsberg notes that, Justin Martyr, the most eminent of the early Fathers, wrote around the middle of the second century and makes more than three hundred quotations from the books of the Old Testament, and nearly one hundred from the Apocryphal books; but none from the Four Gospels. -- In the latter half of the second century, between the time of Justin and Papias, and the time of Theophilus and Irenaeus, the Four Gospels were undoubtedly written or compiled. (The Gospels: Second Century Writings) As for the dates of the composition of the four Gospels some conservative scholars believe that Matthew was written between 60-65 C.E., while other biblical authorities date it to the seventies, some even as late as 85 C.E. In regard to Mark, most scholars assign a date no later than 70-73 C.E., but a large majority of moderate and conservative scribes assign to of luther Mark a composition date between 65 and research paper citing sources, 70 C.E., while Luke's composition date is 96 thesis of luther, assigned between 60-64 C.E. For John, conservative scholars believe the gospel to pay people have been written at about 85 C.E., while others place the 96 thesis, composition to a later date or early second century (New Testament).
This evidence is presented in establishing that so little is known about the authorship of the Gospels, and the historicity of Christ, that an alternative hypothesis can be advanced, namely that the story of Jesus can be interpreted as being a mythologized allegory of the progression of the sun through the yearly zodiac, an astronomical phenomenon that was well known and extremely important to thesis the ancient world. The early church fathers were privy to the resemblance between Christ and earlier dying and 96 thesis, resurrected gods, and on smoking should, of the 96 thesis of luther, problem of history. Justin Martyr, Tertullian, and Irenaeus, for example, explained away the resemblance of the Christ mythos to earlier pagan gods by asserting that Satan had previously created these imitators in order to pay people your confuse and deceive when Christ incarnated, and Pope Leo X said, What profit has not that fable of Christ brought us! (qtd. in Acharya S). And Justin Martyr writing to a pagan in the second century C.E. also had these words to relate: When we say that the Word, who is the first-birth of God, was produced without sexual union, and that He, Jesus Christ, our Teacher, was crucified and died, and of luther, rose again, and ascended into heaven, we propound nothing different from what you believe regarding those whom you esteem sons of Jupiter (Savior Myth). As reported in The Christ Myth, also interesting is the fact that there are no images of the crucified Christ dated to the first three centuries, and Constantine envisioned Christ as a beautiful young man rather like Apollo. The Dead Sea scrolls, unearthed in 1947, hold no record of this savior who is held to have so tremendously impacted the entire world, and in point of fact, Paul is the only person known to have first used the term Christ or the easy letter, name Jesus (Rogge). The preceding assertions set the stage for an examination of the grand drama of the heavens, one that has been eternally played out upon the earth in a cosmic pantomime beginning with the foundation of astrology as an indicator of as above, so below.
Astrology, Mythology-Heavens and Earth-Origin of the Zodiac. Sometime between 3000-2000 B.C.E. in Mesopotamia the earliest evidence is found for the emergent disciplines of astronomy, mathematics and mythology, a triplicate that together would become the basis of astrology and the linkage between the of luther, heavens and the earth. Campion has noted that the history of research paper citing sources astrology is symbiotically intertwined with religious history. Notwithstanding the practical importance of correlations between such occurrences as the sun's annual rhythm through the 96 thesis of luther, heavens and the corresponding seasons, symbolic linkages also began to develop: the human life cycle progressing through birth to death was interlinked with the sun's birth in the east each morning and death in the west each evening, bringing with it the transition from darkness to light, and the annual cycle of to write your vegetation throughout the seasons. Thus the observance of the 96 thesis, calendar became, as it still is, an object of religious ritual, and there was a measure of interchange between heavenly sky deities and earth-bound vegetation deities (Origins of Astrology). An examination of comparative mythology inevitably leads to should be banned the conclusion that in 96 thesis the myths and sacred narratives of the majority of all civilized nations the Zodiac signs are prominent. According to Kennedy, If you go back in time to Rome, or beyond that to Greece, or before that to Egypt, Persia, Assyria, or Babylonia-regardless of how far back you go, there is a remarkable phenomenon: Nearly all nations had the same twelve signs, representing the same twelve things, placed in the same order (qtd. in Horn). The origin of the Zodiac has long been of interest to not only astronomers, but scholars as well. Gilman notes that, […] the narrow strip in citing internet sources the sky in which we observe and measure the movements of the Sun, Moon and 96 thesis of luther, the planets, was undoubtedly recognized in Babylon 4,000 or so years ago. It was not apparently until about 520 B.C. that the twelve Signs were actually defined.
This seems to easy letter for resume have been done by Cleostratos of Tenedos, […] who divided the ecliptic into 96 thesis twelve equal parts and is said to have recognized the Signs of the Zodiac. He reputedly described them in a now-lost poem, Astrologia . Drink Thesis? (Twelve Gods) Also, early in the 19th century Pieree-Simnon de Laplace stated that, The names of the zodiacal constellations were not haphazard fancies. They reflected relationships that were the subject of many inquiries or attempts at a systematic organization. Research has gradually revealed that the signs of the zodiac and 96 thesis of luther, their corresponding relationship to observation earth phenomena, is an ancient inheritance, a cultural chain linked from the Romans, to the Greeks, and from there stretching back to your the Babylonians. The Babylonians, in turn, are heir to the even more ancient cultures of Sumer and Akkad, and some scholars believe the origin of the signs is even more primeval, placing their emergence around or even before 4000 B.C.E.
Even more surprising than this antiquity is the 96 thesis of luther, stability of the constellations over responsibilities, the centuries, even with the attempt by Christian authors to 96 thesis reshape the stars to fit their particular interest in easy cover letter for resume biblical stories, the original names and shapes have survived (Johnson and van Berkel 6-7). From the 96 thesis, earliest written records, the Sumerian/Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh , (whose history may have been transmitted to the Greeks by the Phoenicians) where this ancient demigod of Uruk passes through twelve stages on his underground journey to Dilmun, to the civilizations of the Greek and Roman, an ancient astronomical religion is clearly in drink statements evidence, one that developed geographically over the entire Mediterranean region. In recognition of this religion of astronomy Richer argues that: …astronomers before the eighth century [B.C.E.] used stars of first magnitude as the principal celestial markers. Of Luther? In the ancient Egyptian calendar, for on smoking, example, the beginning of the year was related to the heliacal rising of Spica. 96 Thesis Of Luther? This harked back to a more ancient age, the Age of Gemini…, when the equinoxes occurred in energy drink Gemini and Sagittarius, a period corresponding to around 6500 [B.C.E.]. 96 Thesis Of Luther? The star-based system was eventually integrated with the zodiacal system, which has been traced back in its current form to at least 2000 [B.C.E.] in the ancient Near East.
Considering precessional correspondences,…[this indicates] a system of coordinates based on research paper, the four seasons and four cardinal points…introduced into Greece between 2000 and 1900 [B.C.E.]….The zodiacal signs most likely were introduced into Greece from Sumer and Babylonia, with the 96 thesis of luther, Hittites and Phoenicians as intermediaries. The adoption of a full-blown zodiacal projection onto Greek territory seems to have coincided with the Greek adoption of the space disadvantages, Phoenician alphabet between 1000-850 [B.C.E]. (qtd. in Dougherty) Dougherty also notes that ancient myths of gods, demigods, and heroes are connected to this primal astronomical religion, and 96 thesis of luther, that the should, adoration and worship of Greek heroes like Hercules, Theseus, Perseus, and Bellerophon predated the worship of the Olympian gods and their narratives at a later date were merged with the stories of the twelve zodiacal deities. Heracles is a solar archetype identified with Leo; his twelve labors symbolize an 96 thesis amalgam of traditions that personify successive cultural or historical stages in relationship to the drama being performed in the zodiacal stage of the heavens (A Key to Ancient Greece). In addition: Many deities have been associated with the drink thesis, sun. The Greeks believed that Apollo, Bacchus, Dionysos, Sabazius, Hercules, Jason, Ulysses, Zeus, Uranus, and Vulcan partook of 96 thesis of luther either the visible or invisible attributes of the sun. The Norwegians regarded Balder the an essay be banned, Beautiful as a solar deity, and Odin is often connected with the celestial orb, especially because of his one eye. Among the Egyptians, Osiris, Ra, Anubis, Hermes, and even the mysterious Ammon himself had points of resemblance with the solar disc.
Isis was the mother of the sun, and even Typhon, the Destroyer, was supposed to be a form of solar energy. The Egyptian sun myth finally centered around the person of a mysterious deity called Serapis. 96 Thesis? The two Central American deities, Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl, while often associated with the winds, were also undoubtedly solar gods. (The Sun, A Universal Deity) The connection of deity to energy drink thesis statements the sun is obvious for anyone who has even a minute amount of analytical skill. The observation is nothing new, but it is one that has only begun to filter into the masses in western culture, for Fiske noted over a century ago that, Countless other examples, when similarly analyzed, show that the 96 thesis of luther, earliest […] conception of a Divine Power, nourishing man and sustaining the universe, was suggested by the light of the paper citing internet, mighty Sun; who, as modern science has shown, is the originator of 96 thesis all life and motion upon the globe, and whom the ancients delighted to believe the source, not only an essay, of the golden light, but of everything that is bright, joy-giving, and 96 thesis, pure. (Myths and Myth-makers 109) This all, of course, means that: The ancients believed that the research paper internet, sun, the moon, wandering stars (planets), comets, and other celestial bodies were heavenly gods who were in motion about a stationary earth.
Since the sun (Sol invictus) seemed to be the most influential of the celestial gods, it was especially worshipped and regarded as annually reborn at its lowest point in the sky during the winter solstice of December 25th. Since the plane of the ecliptic--the path that the sun travels in the sky--traces out the band of the twelve star-patterns that make up the zodiac, the sun was considered a god that gave birth to, or was a father of, the of luther, twelve zodiacal gods. [However], [t]he Greek astronomer Hipparchus made the astounding discovery in 128 BCE that the zodiac of constellations slowly drifted backward over time so that they appeared, with respect to the sun's position at responsibilities essay, winter solstice, in a new location in the heavens. Every 25 thousand years these constellations slowly moved; a phenomenon we know today to be the precession of the equinoxes which is caused by of luther the wobble of the drink statements, earth on its axis. To the ancients, it was a frightening and 96 thesis, astounding event[.] (Still) Hipparchus lived from 190-120 B.C.E. and Still also notes that his discovery of the precession of the equinoxes shattered the geocentric theory of the immovable earth, and that the precession could only mean that the should, whole cosmic sphere was in motion, and for the ancients this was a revelation that they interpreted as being the result of a powerful new god, so incredible in its force that it was fully possible for 96 thesis of luther, moving the entire universe. At that time the spring equinox took place in Aries the Ram, and preceding that Taurus the Bull heralded in the rebirth of the earth in spring, and exploration essay, it was believed that Mithras was the cosmic power whose force was so formidable that the Bull was killed (The Virgin Birth). In the great cosmic war between dark and light, Christ replaced Mithras as this force strong enough to bend the very cosmos to his will, and as the parallels between Mithrass and Christ are well known, there is no point in 96 thesis of luther discussing them here, for I have dealt with this topic at length in another essay, and the present work will focus in specific content on only one of these solar deities: Christ in to write your essays order to provide support for the illuminating archetypal pattern that this example provides in 96 thesis of luther the context of the solar deity and the twelve signs of the zodiac.
Christ and the Twelve Zodiac Disciples. Modernity, and now extending into the Postmodern world, has long questioned the Christ story as authentic history. The philosophes of the eighteenth century European Enlightenment and their new world counterparts in the Age of Reason began exploring nature from the an essay, standpoint of Natural Philosophy or Natural Law. 96 Thesis Of Luther? This was the genesis of modern science, and from that point forward supernatural explanations of natural phenomena have been stripped away one by one, laid bare by the scrutiny of the scientific method, so that a reign of for life supernaturalism lasting more than six thousand years has been virtually eliminated as a satisfactory cause of human experience in just over two hundred years. First, a brief summary of the archetype of the of luther, dying and resurrected god is presented, a common motif that existed in the Mediterranean world centuries before the church adopted this primal story and grafted the narrative into its own peculiar hierarchy for the purpose of control and cover letter, power. The ancient Greek and Roman cultures from 96 thesis, which much of Postmodern Western culture is descended, adopted gods from Asia Minor: Egypt, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Babylon, Phrygia, Persia, etc. These gods were often symbolic of vegetation myths tied to the seasons and shared the following characteristics, an archetypal pattern similar to Joseph Campbell's hero's journey, for the day god, the energy thesis statements, Sun god, was the 96 thesis of luther, ancient world's great deity, one that has been worshipped all over the planet, personified in every sacred allegory, and mythopoetically associated with mortal suffering, for, everywhere we read of the birth, death, and resurrection of the Sun; he had his cradle and citing internet, his tomb, whether called Adonis, Osiris, Hercules, Bacchus, Attis, Krishna, Mithra, or Christ (Existence of Christ Disproved). According to Pagan Origins of the Christ Myth these dying and resurrected gods were born of a Virgin Mother on or near the date of modern Christmas in a Cave or Underground Chamber; they held such titles as Light-bringer, Mediator, Healer, Deliverer, Savior and led a life of toil and 96 thesis of luther, service for humanity; eventually all were defeated by the Powers of Darkness and descended into Hell or the Underworld, then rose from the dead, and became the archetypal connector of your essays humanity to the Heavenly world; they triumphantly went on to have disciples, found Communions of Saints Churches where acolytes were received into the mysteries by Baptism, and their memory was commemorated by Eucharistic meals (Pagan Christs). Edward Carpenter in 1919 likewise stated the of luther, same assertion in his Pagan and Christian Creeds: Their Origin and an essay on smoking should be banned, Meaning . The idea of Christ being interpreted as a solar god is not new. Scholars in of luther the nineteenth century first began this new field of research. An Essay Be Banned? What is new is that only recently has this vast body of information been made available to of luther the general public.
Christ as Zodiac Sun Myth. The ruling deity of day, Helios or the sun as God, was the supreme god of the ancient world universally worshipped in to write your both continents, the old and the new world, and this god was allegorically personified in 96 thesis of luther the mythos of every culture. The daily and annual passage of the sun, in myth, became the poetic interpretation of the destiny of all. The birth, death, and resurrection of the sun is a continually reoccurring archetypal image, cradle to tomb, whether the name of the sun god was Hercules, Osiris, Adonis, Bacchus, Mithra, Chrishna, or Christ. Mangasarian points out that, The fact that Jesus' death was accompanied with the darkening of the responsibilities, Sun, and that the date of his resurrection is also associated with the position of the Sun at the time of the vernal equinox, is a further intimation that we have in 96 thesis the story of the birth, death, and resurrection of Jesus, an should ancient and nearly universal Sun-myth, instead of verifiable historical events. 96 Thesis? (Truth About Jesus) Of course, why all these stories are so similar is research paper citing, easily surmised. The above mentioned gods, Hercules, Osiris, Adonis, Mithra, etc., were all born on or about December 25th, they had twelve disciples or were otherwise associated in some way with the number twelve, such as the 96 thesis, labors of Hercules, they performed miracles, were persecuted, died, and exploration disadvantages, resurrected.
This archetypal pattern is common because it is based on the sun's movements through the constellations which according to Acharya S is […] an astrotheological development that can be found throughout the planet because the sun and the twelve zodiac signs can be observed around the globe.[…] Christ and all the others upon whom this character is predicated are personifications of the sun, […]the Gospel fable […]a rehash of a mythological formula […] (Origins of Christianity). And these mythological characters share the following characteristics in relationship to the sun: on of luther, December twenty-second the sun apparently dies for three days because it appears to research internet sources stop in its movement south, and then is resurrected or born again on December twenty-fifth when it begins moving north once again, the light coming forth into the world; at some locations in the ancient world the new year began in the constellation of Virgo where the sun was born of a virgin; when the sun rises in the morning it is the Savior of mankind, and wears a crown of thorns which is the corona or halo, and the sun can also walk on water, its reflection passing across the surface; the disciples are the twelve months and twelve signs of the zodiac that the sun must journey through; at twelve noon the sun is in the house or temple of the Most High and Jesus began his work at twelve years of age; the sun enters at thirty degrees into each sign of the zodiac, and 96 thesis, Jesus began his ministry at age thirty; the sun is crucified when it is hung on space exploration, the cross of the equator and the polar axis at the vernal equinox, or Easter, and at that time the sun is resurrected (Origins of Christianity). Another interesting facet in regard to the virgin birth is that, The Virgin Mary is the Constellation of Virgo and the story of of luther virgin births is the timeless allegory of Virgo giving birth to the Sun on the darkest night of the year, the 24th of December. If we follow the path of the sun we discover that towards the end of August the radiant Sun enters the celestial Virgo and places the seed of the new Sun in her to germinate the embryo of the new Sun, Horus, Apollo or Christ. This phenomenon, which takes place every year in August, gave rise to Christmas, a festival which still exists, and in which it is supposed that the Mother of Christ, disregarding her earthly life, is associated with the glory of her son, and is placed by space exploration his side in 96 thesis of luther the heavens. We know that the sign of the pay people essays, celestial virgin rose over of luther, the horizon at the moment assigned to the birth of our Lord Jesus the Christ. Christians may be reluctant to recognize Virgo as the Blessed Virgin. Yet Virgo's stars descend after harvest below the horizon, and the sun of the winter rises from the same point-the infant Sun in his Mother's arms.
It is the birthday of the Christos who represents the Sun that is born in thesis statements each and every one of us. (The Immaculate Conception) The church was well aware of the astrological significance of the constellation of Virgo for as Carpenter has stated: But it is well known as a matter of history that the worship of Isis and Horus descended in the early Christian centuries to Alexandria, where it took the form of the 96 thesis of luther, worship of the disadvantages, Virgin Mary and the infant saviour, and so passed into the European ceremonial. 96 Thesis? We have therefore the Virgin Mary connected by citing internet sources linear succession and descent with that remote Zodiacal cluster in the sky! A curious confirmation of the same astrological connection is afforded by the Roman Catholic Calendar. For if this be consulted, it will be found that the 96 thesis of luther, festival of the Assumption of the Virgin is placed on the 15 August, while the festival of the birth of the Virgin is energy thesis statements, dated the 8 September… At the of luther, present day, the Zodiacal signs- owing to the precession of the Equinoxes-have shifted some distance from the constellations of the same name. Exploration Essay? But at the time when the Zodiac was constituted and these names were given, the first date obviously would signalise the of luther, actual disappearance of the cluster Virgo in the sun's rays, i.e. the Assumption of the Virgin into the glory of the god, while the for life, second date would signalise the reappearance of the constellation-or the birth of the Virgin. (Sun Worship) The constellation of Virgo is not the only interesting connection between religious worship and the stars. Other constellations are also of considerable import, but it is from Virgo to Leo that the archetypal symbolism is best read in 96 thesis this ancient, cosmic progression. In order to understand this assertion it is necessary to know that the sun in its yearly progression moves through the easy, constellations (the plane of the ecliptic, an imaginary line drawn from the earth's equator to 96 thesis the sun's equator) to the left, and these constellations have always been thought to have a great influence on the character of the sun.
The other important point to remember is space, that the of luther, earth's axis is tilted twenty-three and an essay on smoking should, one quarter degrees from the plane of the ecliptic, called the precession of the axis, the earth slowly wobbles at the north polar axis like a spinning top, and the sun moves below the equator at the autumnal equinox and rises above the equator at the vernal equinox, thus forming the image of a cross. Thus, the sun appears to move backwards through the 96 thesis, constellations in what is called a Great Year that lasts approximately 25920 years, and this cosmic year is separated into twelve Ages connected to the Zodiac and its constellations. Each of these ages endures for about 2160 years. The relationship to the worship of responsibilities for life sun gods is apparent, for approximately three thousand years ago when the sun crossed the equator at the vernal equinox the constellation was Aries the 96 thesis, lamb. Hence, the sun was known as the Lamb of God, the archetypal symbol of the resurrected savior, of the journey from the dark underworld to the apex of heaven. Christ is still identified in this way, but what of the fish? The sun entered the constellation of Pisces at approximately 6 B.C.E., which coincides with the approximate birth date given to pay people essays Jesus by most scholars. Pisces is the of luther, sign of the fish, and space essay, Jesus was the fisher of men. Of Luther? And according to your essays Dowling in of luther her introduction, The Piscean Age is drink thesis statements, identical with the Christian Dispensation.
The word Pisces means fish. 96 Thesis? The sign is known as a water sign, and the Piscean Age has been distinctly the age of the fish and its element, water. Energy Drink Statements? In the establishment of their great institutions John the Harbinger and Jesus both introduced the rite of water baptism, which has been used in some form in all the so-called Christian Churches and cults, even to the present time. Water is the true symbol of 96 thesis purification. Jesus himself said to the Harbinger before he was baptised: All the men must be washed, symbolic of the cleansing of the soul.(Aquarian Gospel 64: 7.) Fish was a Christian Symbol. In the earlier centuries of the internet sources, Christian Dispensation the of luther, fish was everywhere used as a symbol. In his remarkable book, Christian Iconography , Didron says: The fish, in the opinion of antiquarians generally, is the symbol of Jesus Christ. The fish is sculptured upon essay a number of Christian monuments, and more particularly upon the ancient sarcophagi. (The Aquarian Age)
However, the old sign of the Lamb was also kept as an identifying symbol of the messiah. In regard to these sun gods Alvin Boyd Kuhn has noted that they continually and regularly appeared because they are archetypal symbols of the sun's life through the heavens, and 96 thesis of luther, as such mirror the earthly life of mortal being. Because, [t]o follow the yearly round of the zodiac was to epitomize graphically the whole history of human experience Moreover, in Psalms the pay people your essays, book says that, Our God is a living fire, a consuming fire, the Lord God is a sun, and Jesus said I am come to send fire on earth, (Great Myth of 96 thesis Sun-Gods) a clear connection to deity and the light and fire of the sun. I am indebted to should David W. Deley for the following chart that simply and evidentially compares the 96 thesis, Jesus story with the paper sources, sun and zodiac. The Story of Jesus is the story of the Sun passing through the Zodiac during the year. Note the following: The parallels demonstrated in the above chart graphically illustrate the connection and most probable overlay of the significance of the twelve signs of the zodiac by the church in order to enable the masses an easier conversion to Christianity.
For example, in the above chart the reference is made to Jesus being born and buried in a cave. This corresponds to the ancient geocentric world cosmology where the sun was thought to literally rise from the underworld (a cave) and set/return to the underworld each evening, a story that was allegorized as the sun being in 96 thesis a literal battle with the darkness (evil), and the rising sun portrayed the triumph over death (evil) and a resurrection that was greeted each day by humanity. However, the evidence doesn't just conclude here. For Life? An examination of Christ's ministry as portrayed in the New Testament provides even more compelling evidence of Jesus as a sun allegory. Following are several passages from the New Testament (all quotations are taken from the New International Version) that clearly demonstrate the 96 thesis, linkage between Christ and the sun for he is continually portrayed as sun imagery: Ephesians 5:14: for it is light that makes everything visible. This is why it is on smoking, said: Wake up, O sleeper, rise from the dead, and Christ will shine on you. John 8:12: When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the of luther, light of life. John 9:5: While I am in the world, I am the light of the for life, world.
Both of the preceding two passages demonstrate that Jesus is really the 96 thesis of luther, sun for the light of the world is the should, sun. Matthew 17:12: There he was transfigured before them. His face shone like the 96 thesis of luther, sun, and his clothes became as white as the light. John 12:35-36: Then Jesus told them, You are going to have the light just a little while longer. Walk while you have the light, before darkness overtakes you. The man who walks in the dark does not know where he is going. Put your trust in the light while you have it, so that you may become sons of light. When he had finished speaking, Jesus left and hid himself from an essay on smoking should, them.
Clearly, in this passage Jesus is personified as the sun and 96 thesis of luther, the light is an for life essay archetypal symbol of light overcoming darkness. Of course, when Jesus finished speaking the reason that he hid himself from the disciples is because the sun had set. John 3:19-20: This is the 96 thesis of luther, verdict: Light has come into drink the world, but men loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil. Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. Of Luther? Can any clearer meaning be expressed concerning the literal idea that criminals most commonly do their unlawful deeds in darkness (night) and not in the light (day)? John 1:3-8: Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. For Life Essay? In him was life, and 96 thesis of luther, that life was the light of men. The light shines in cover letter the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it. Of course, and this passage is 96 thesis of luther, scientifically accurate in that the sun formed first in stellar evolution and then the earth and an essay should, other planets came together through the attraction of 96 thesis of luther gravitational mass.
Further, the sun is the source of all life for everything, plants and animals are dependent upon cover letter for resume the energy of the sun for 96 thesis, life. An Essay On Smoking Should? When we eat food or drink, we are literally consuming the energy of the sun; this symbolism is also obvious in 96 thesis the Catholic Eucharist where the bread and the wine are thought to literally change into the body and blood of Jesus, which they do, but not in the Catholic sense for what is really occurring is that people are consuming the transformed energy of the sun. There are numerous other examples in the New Testament that connect Jesus with sun imagery, but the point is made, and the Old Testament has imagery describing god as the sun. Next, we will explore the story of Christ specifically as an allegory of the drink statements, passage of the sun through the twelve signs of the zodiac. Christ as an allegory of the sun. Let us now examine how the story of the life of Jesus corresponds with the progression of the sun through the twelve signs of the zodiac. However, remember that the concept of representing archetypal truths in 96 thesis allegory form is on smoking be banned, quite ancient, and is not just confined to the Bible. First, the sun travels through Capricorn, the goat during the time frame of December 22- January 19. Of Luther? December 22 is the winter solstice; this is the shortest day of the year and after December 22 the sun begins to move back toward the northern hemisphere, the savior sun is born and the light of the world is at hand, which is apparent by December 25 the official church sanctioned birth date of Jesus, though no one knows when he was supposed to have been born.
However, it is easy cover letter for resume, extremely interesting to note that late on the twenty-fourth of December, Virgo the Virgin is either directly on the horizon on is the ascendant. Exactly at midnight the sun enters into Capricorn which is the goat and the manger. Jesus is born by immaculate conception of Virgo the Virgin in the manger of Capricorn the goat, the latter representative of the 96 thesis, common conception of Jesus being born with animals. An Essay? He is born in the darkness and now he is the light of the world. This symbolism of light and darkness is ancient, archetypal and cross-cultural. It has many rich resonances of meaning.
Darkness is associated with blindness, night, sleep, cold, gloom, despair, lostness, chaos, death, danger and yearning for the dawn. It is 96 thesis of luther, a striking image of the human condition. Light is seen as the antidote to the above, and is thus an image of salvation. In the light, one is awake, able to see and find one's way; it is associated with relief and rejoicing that the night is over; in the light one is safe and warm. In the light there is life….FOR MATTHEW and Luke, and for research paper citing internet sources, Christians ever since, Jesus is the light shining in the darkness. The author of John's Gospel makes the same affirmation with compact perfection: The true light, which enlightens everyone, was coming into the world. 96 Thesis Of Luther? Jesus is the light who brings enlightenment; indeed, he is the light of the pay people to write, world.
This is the 96 thesis, truth of this theme of the birth stories. And it is true independently of their historical factuality (Borg 1218). Now, continuing with Christ personified archetypally as the sun moving yearly through the twelve signs of the zodiac, note that Christ was baptized thirty years after birth, and thirty days after the rebirth of the sun at the winter solstice the sun enters Aquarius the research paper internet, water bearer (January 20-February 18), the pouring out of water a symbolic baptism, and Christ is baptized by of luther John, the Baptist, a pouring out of water: I baptize you with water for repentance. But after me will come one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry. Responsibilities For Life? He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire (Matthew 3:11). The fire is the flame of the sun, and what of John? The New Testament merely says that he was put in prison with no explanation offered. In the allegory, this is the constellation Aquarius moving lower and lower into the sky at sunset until it can no longer be seen, because it has been put in prison as the sun moves into the next sign of the zodiac, where each sign of the zodiac is divided into thirty degrees and there are twelve signs, as Christ had twelve disciples, and 96 thesis, twelve times thirty equals three hundred sixty, the total number of degrees in the zodiac. Of course, the New Testament has Jesus beginning his ministry at age twelve; can a clearer point be made?
If not, then this: each of the twelve signs of the zodiac when entering into the beginning of the thirty degrees of the allotted sign, represents some event in the ministry of Christ allegorized as the sun. After the Baptism of Christ he continues on his journey into Galilee which literally means circuit, and this is the closed elliptical path of the sun on its circuit through the constellations. Research Citing Internet? Here Christ selected his first disciples from fishermen, Simon and Andrew: As Jesus was walking beside the Sea of 96 thesis Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon called Peter and pay people to write essays, his brother Andrew. 96 Thesis Of Luther? They were casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen (Matthew 4:18). Space? The sign following Aquarius is Pisces, the Fish (February 19-March 20). The Catholic Lent is observed to this day in the sign of Pisces, and fish is eaten one day of the week in obvious symbolism of this event. In his ministry Christ next transforms into 96 thesis the Good Shepard of the flock, watching over easy, the lambs of the field so that they would be encouraged to not stray from the path. This corresponds to the sun entering the sign of Aries the 96 thesis of luther, Ram (March 21-April 19), and a ram of course, is a lamb before growing into a Ram, just as Christ must grow in power before becoming truly recognized as the Lamb of God, and the Jews still celebrate the Paschal Lamb during the letter for resume, same time frame, a sacrifice to God as Jesus was the sacrificial lamb.
Christ as lamb means that the sun is young in the sign of Aries, and will grow into the full power of the Ram, just as the sun grows in power as it passes through this sign, which is also the sign of 96 thesis of luther spring, rebirth, resurrection. Christianity celebrates Easter at this time, which is really a pagan festival, and the name Easter means that the letter, sun is rising due east. Sunrise services are also celebrated at this time when the idea of, He is risen, is thrown about. Of course, the sun has risen. Following this Christ begins his salvation of humanity. How is this accomplished? By the Eucharist, of course. The Son must provide spiritual nourishment in order for his people to be saved. The sun, entering the sign of 96 thesis Taurus the Bull (April 20-May 20), is the time of plowing the fields to grow crops that are nourished by the energy of the essays, sun, and thus though food energy the salvation is at hand.
After Taurus the next sign of the 96 thesis, zodiac is Gemini the Twins (May 21-June 20); we are getting close now to energy thesis statements the height of summer, when the sun's energy is at its most abundant and 96 thesis of luther, the crops grow and increase, doubling, like the twins, the process of salvation. The son's power, in his ministry, grew stronger and stronger, doubling as the multitudes reported by the New Testament followed him about the land. Following Gemini the sun enters Cancer the Crab (June 21-July 22). A crab is often depicted as traveling backwards, and the sun has reached its furthest point north at the summer solstice; after that the sun begins traveling backwards in its journey toward the on smoking should, equator once again. Christ spoke often of the backsliders, and it is at this time of year that the sun is indeed sliding back, falling, from our apparent perspective, toward the equator and the power of the sun begins to wane, as does vegetation and crops. Also interesting to note is that John the Baptist was born six months before Christ, and John 3:30 says, He must increase, but I must decrease. One power is of luther, waning, the other waxing, the story of the sun in its annual pilgrimage through the heavens, the cycle of the seasons. According to Deley: Around this point in the Jesus story an for life interesting thing happens - John the Baptist reappears and is beheaded.
According to the Bible, John the Baptist has been raised from the dead, (Mark 6:14), or This is John the Baptist; he has risen from the dead! (Matthew 14:2). Recall at the beginning of the allegory how Aquarius moved below the western horizon at sunset as the year went from January to 96 thesis of luther February and the Sun traveled from Aquarius to Pisces. Each Zodiac constellation in turn goes below the horizon at sunset as each month passes. After six months the constellation of Aquarius begins to rise on the eastern horizon at exploration essay disadvantages, sunset, and it appears that the head of Aquarius is cut off by 96 thesis of luther the horizon. This is John the Baptist rising from the dead, the dead being those who are below the earth. This is the beheading of John the responsibilities for life essay, Baptist by King Herod, a personification of 96 thesis of luther darkness, which reigns supreme at for resume, night (See Matthew Chapter 2-The Birth of Jesus for more on King Herod). (Solar Mythology and the Jesus Story) After Cancer comes Leo the Lion. Christ had to first be the Lamb (Aries) before he could become the 96 thesis, Lion of Judah (Leo). The lion is a symbol of majestic royalty, power, awe inspiring majesty, and it is at this time of year (July 22-August 23) that the sun is at its most royal incarnation as it travels through the zodiac.
It is in Revelation 5:5 that Christ is called Lion of the Tribe of Judah. This majesty is seen in Jesus' rebuking of the should, wind and the waves, and it is the power of the sun at the hottest months of the year. The power of the sun as the allegorical Christ is manifested at the grave of Lazarus when he proclaimed, Lazarus, come forth! (John 11:43). This is resurrection power, the calling forth of the dead just as the sun calls forth and provides energy to the land. 96 Thesis? The symbolism is quite obvious, as this is the masculine archetype of power. We come now to Virgo the Virgin (August 23-September 23). This is the time of year when the sun, traveling south, crosses the equator once again at the autumnal equinox.
The sun passes over the equator where this celestial body is annually crucified, and he the sun as the be banned, cross on its back like Christ climbing toward Golgotha, only this Golgotha will be the crucifixion of the vernal equinox. Of Luther? In addition, according to Deley, Harvest time comes about three quarters of the way through the year, and it's the happiest time of the year. And about three quarters of the way through the Jesus story is his triumphant entry into Jerusalem, which is the happiest part of the story (Mark 11:1-11; Matthew 21:1-11; Luke 19:28-44; John 12:12-16). Everyone knows him and is happy to see him. Jesus' triumphant entry into Jerusalem is an allegory for the Sun's triumphant entry into Virgo, because that means it is harvest time, the best time of year.
Harvest time is The Kingdom of Heaven time which Jesus refers to in earnest as coming soon throughout the story up to here. (Solar Mythology) Directly after Virgo the on smoking be banned, sun enters Libra the Scales of 96 thesis Justice (September 23-October 22). This is the time of harvest, when all the bounties and fruits that the energy of the sun has provided in the growing season are reaped. At this point Deley notes that it is time to sell the harvest. So the research citing internet, harvest is weighed out in the buying and selling process, and 96 thesis, it is at this time that Jesus, On reaching Jerusalem, Jesus entered the temple area and began driving out those who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those selling doves… (Mark 11:15). Jesus, as the sun, is leaving the sign of Libra for the harvest is over, just as the money changers packed up and for life, left. Directly preceding this event from the New Testament, Jesus curses the fig tree: The next day as they were leaving Bethany, Jesus was hungry. Seeing in the distance a fig tree in leaf, he went to find out if it had any fruit.
When he reached it, he found nothing but leaves, because it was not the 96 thesis of luther, season for essay disadvantages, figs. Then he said to of luther the tree, May no one ever eat fruit from you again (Mark 11: 12-14). The tree withered up and died because this is the autumn season, the year is declining, just as the son is responsibilities essay, also declining. Following this event Jesus and the Twelve disciples have the last supper, for the year is closing and the twelve are the signs of the zodiac that the sun has nearly passed through. The time is now Scorpio the Scorpion (October 23-November 22), and these two months October and November symbolize the two thieves that Christ is crucified between, because these months are the two thieves of the year when there is no harvest, the sun further descends toward its weakest point of winter that will occur at the Winter solstice. Jesus is betrayed now by Judas, the 96 thesis of luther, sign of Scorpio, and he betrays Christ for thirty pieces of silver, this event symbolizing the thirty days of a month. The sun is betrayed at this point, for responsibilities, it will soon be at its weakest, and Sagittarius the Archer (November 22-December 21) is the 96 thesis, culmination of the death story of the sun, that will soon be reborn on December 21 at the Winter solstice, and thus the cycle of the year is complete, as is the story of Jesus as an archetypal allegory of the sun. Comments and questions may be sent to the author at [emailprotected]
Borg, Marcus. Light in the Darkness (the Christmas Myth and Bible as Literature). The Christian Century Dec. Letter? 16 1998: 1218. Campion, Nick. The Origins of Astrology. Nick Campion's Online Astrology Resource. 09 Oct. 2005 http://www.nickcampion.com/nc/history/origins.htm. Deley, David W. The Story of Jesus is the Story of the Sun Passing Through the Zodiac During the Year.12 Jan.
2006 http://members.cox.net/deleyd/religion/jesusoutline.html. Deley, David W. Solar Mythology and the Jesus Story. 24 Feb. Of Luther? 2006 http://members.cox.net/deleyd/religion/solarmyth/christ2002.htm. Dowling, Eva S. The Aquarian Age Gospel of on smoking be banned Jesus, the Christ of the Piscean Age. The Reluctant Messenger. 19 Dec. 2005 http://reluctant-messenger.com/aquarian_gospel.htm. Fiske, John. Myths and Myth-makers: Old Tales and Superstitions Interpreted by of luther Comparative Mythology. 1872.
Electronic Text Center. University of Virginia Library. 16 Dec. 2005 . s1-248. Gillman, Ken. Twelve Gods and Seven Planets. C.U.R.A. An Essay On Smoking Should Be Banned? University Centre for Astrological Research. Jan. 1997. 19 Dec.
2005 http://cura.free.fr/decem/10kengil.html. Goldberg, G.J. Josephus' Account of Jesus The Testimonium Flavianum . Flavius Josephus Home Page. 3 Sep. 2005. 07 Oct.
2005 http://members.aol.com/FLJOSEPHUS/testimonium.htm. Horn, Thomas. Ancient Israel, the Zodiac, and the Sun God. Christian News Service 2004. 15 Oct 2005 http://www.raidersnewsupdate.com/helios.htm. Immaculate Conception,The. Of Luther? Virgin Births. 28 March 2000. Crosscircle.com.
18 Dec. 2005 http://www.crosscircle.com/CH_2m.htmVS. Invention of Christendom. Theosophy March 1966: 140-146. Jabbar, Malik H. The Astrological Foundation of the Christ Myth. Rare Books. Jackson, John G. Space Exploration? Pagan Origins of the Christ Myth Part Two: The Christ Myth. The John G. Jackson Virtual Museum. 1941. 09 Oct. 2005 http://www.nbufront.org/html/MastersMuseums/JGJackson/ChristMyth/ChristMythPart2.html.
Johnson, Richard and Gregory van Berkel. The Zodiac: Stellar Stories. 96 Thesis? Rhodes University Astronomy Society. 09 Oct. Research Internet Sources? 2005 http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:Uk0JZwNRzEUJ:astrosoc.soc.ru.ac.za/archive/docs/The%2520Zodiac.pdf+ancient+heroes+and+the+zodiachl=en.
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The Project Gutenberg Ebook. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext04/ttaji10.txt. Maxwell, Jordan. Sun Worship. 04 Nov. 2005 .http://smithbrad.nventure.com/sunworship.htm. Pagan Christs.
Pagan Origins of the Christ Myth. 09 Oct. 2005 http://home.earthlink.net/ Remsberg, John E. Sources of the Christ Myth:Pagan Divinities. The Christ. 2000. Easy Letter? 16 Dec. 2005 http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/rmsbrg11.htm.
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2005 http://www.truthbeknown.com/origins.htm. Savior Myth. Research Paper Sources? Pagan Origins of the of luther, Christ Myth. 17 Dec. 2005 http://home.earthlink.net/ Sun, a Universal Deity, The. Secret Teachings of All Ages. Statements? Sacred Texts. Of Luther? 04 Nov. 2005 http://www.sacred-texts.com/eso/sta/sta11.htm. Sun Worship.
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Gore Vidal Vidal, Gore (Vol. 22) - Essay. (Also wrote under pseudonym of Edgar Box) American novelist, playwright, screenwriter, short story writer, essayist, and critic. Vidal often draws on 96 thesis of luther historical and political sources to comment on modern society's lack of space, values and corrupt institutions. 96 Thesis! His work in all genres is marked by his brilliant technique and urbane wit. (See also CLC , Vols. 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, Contemporary Authors , Vols. 5-8, rev. ed., and Dictionary of Literary Biography , Vol. 6: American Novelists since World War II .) Access our Gore Vidal Study Guide for Free. Gore Vidal, at twenty-five, occupies and enviable position in American letters.
Not only is he the youngest of the group of pay people to write essays, new writers whose first books began attracting attention right after the war, but he has already produced as large and varied a body of work as many of his contemporaries may be expected to produce comfortably in a lifetime. (p. 170) Williwaw —written when Vidal was nineteen and still in the Army—was a slight and unpretentious book about the war. 96 Thesis! It was done in the clipped Hemingway manner; the research internet sentences appeared to have been telegraphed and then pasted over the page. But there were no signs of Hemingway's purposeful understatement, his suggestion of hidden layers of immense unspoken meaning.
The approach was literal and bald, the 96 thesis of luther props had been carefully cut away rather than concealed, and the emotion was so rigidly controlled that one had the impression of reading a book which had only just managed to get written. Yet there was evidence of real, if premature, mastery in the handling of the central situation—the struggle of the space exploration essay men to 96 thesis of luther, bring their ship through the williwaw—and more than an intimation of potential insight in the brief characterizations. Vidal seemed to have learned early the trick of the narrow scope, the tight portrait. Where most young writers try to grapple with an outsized situation and too many characters and succeed only in revealing their youth, he apparently saw the advantage of leaving certain material alone until he grew up to it. His characters, consequently, were purposely unrealized, made up simply of to write essays, a very few deft touches that gave the illusion of 96 thesis of luther, a total, although shadowy, outline. (pp. 170-71) But the thesis real power of Williwaw lay in the faithfulness of its intention to its impact, its tone to its material.
In the williwaw—a violent storm common in 96 thesis, the Aleutians—Vidal found the perfect instrument for making dramatic the emotion around which the novel was constructed and for which his terse style set the key. The truth of the war for the men who lived in its boredom but were denied its dangers was purposelessness. An Essay On Smoking Should Be Banned! The contrast between the excitement and terror of the storm and the utter indifference of their reaction to 96 thesis of luther, it was thus the supreme, ironic example of that purposelessness. (p. 171) [Even] at its height the exploration essay disadvantages storm fails to be an activating force. To be sure, coordinated effort is 96 thesis of luther, required to energy statements, save the ship, and 96 thesis, individual differences are submerged in the struggle; but the change is only temporary. As soon as the storm is over, the monotony resumes, and the conflict among the men moves toward its inevitable climax as if nothing whatever had happened…. The final effect is easy cover, similar to that of The Naked and the Dead —utter futility. But where the parts of Mailer's story anticipated a protest in the conclusion, Williwaw moves logically through the futility of its parts to the climaxing futility at its end. The childishly simple plot, the elemental action with its emphasis on one or two concrete emotions, the absence of all ideas, and the carefully underdone prose are excellently suited to 96 thesis, the type of world which the novel presents. Space Essay Disadvantages! (p. 96 Thesis! 172)
The sure technical control and simple amorality of Williwaw is preserved through the first half of Vidal's second novel, In a Yellow Wood . Pay People To Write! The numb purposelessness of men at war is now transferred to the exhausted and uneasy world of the war's atermath and centered in a young man who came out 96 thesis of luther of the war drained of personality and interested only in losing himself in the business routine. Like the men of Williwaw he is responsibilities essay, doped on a continual round of mechanical acts which serve to insulate him from the complexities of the life around him…. The story of Robert Holton's morning reads like the itinerary of a desensitized Leopold Bloom; and in the style in which it is described, Vidal once again finds the perfect medium for the utterly purposeless and banal. But the 96 thesis of luther sudden intrusion of an essay on smoking be banned, Carla, Holton's wartime lover, midway in the novel sends deep tremors through his detachment; and as this occurs, the style is required to take on a burden that is beyond its powers. The technique that served so well as a journalistic device for reporting concrete simplicities and drugged actions of external people now begins to 96 thesis, crack and an essay on smoking should, loosen as the story demands a shift to the abstract ideas and emotional states of internal people. For Vidal, the entry of Carla obviously meant an opportunity to introduce a theme, make an ideological point, and to show a contrast between the 96 thesis dead world of Holton and the intensely alive and struggling world into which Carla attempts to on smoking, entice him.
But the two worlds really have nothing to 96 thesis, do with one another. Not only are they basically incompatible but Vidal cannot manipulate his style into essay disadvantages bridging the gap between them. To reinforce the 96 thesis of luther weak purchase he has on his theme, Vidal introduces a third character, George Robert Lewis. In sharp contrast to Holton, Lewis is an pay people your extremely sensitive homosexual who is profoundly aware of the human need to find spiritual fulfillment in something greater than the self. It is 96 thesis, through Lewis that this need is finally developed into the central theme of the novel…. But such a theme cannot be adequately objectified in the cold and mechanical style with which Vidal wrote the disadvantages first half of the of luther novel, just as the idea it signifies cannot be made meaningful to the cold and mechanical person Vidal has shown Holton to be. The result, therefore, is that the theme is superimposed on the style and the idea is superimposed on Holton's life. While the style toward the end of the novel maintains the monosyllabic pace which it set in energy drink statements, the beginning, it is now reinforced with long passages of rhetoric inserted at intervals through it. These passages … carry the theme, but since they remain outside and above the action, they are merely undigested assertions. Of Luther! They never touch the dilemma of the thesis statements characters, which has already been revealed on the active level, because Vidal cannot make them concrete in 96 thesis, terms of the style in which he has previously described that dilemma.
The style is as clearly Holton's prison as his conventionality is supposed to essay, be. 96 Thesis! If we assume that the Frost poem from which the drink statements novel's title is taken contains the key to of luther, his predicament as Vidal sees it, then we must assume that Vidal intends us to accept Holton as paralyzed in responsibilities for life essay, the act of choosing between two divergent roads, a life of timid security as a businessman and 96 thesis of luther, a life of Bohemian freedom and love with Carla. But from the picture we are given of Holton in the first half of the novel we conclude that he is firmly committed to conventionality long before Carla arrives to give him the opportunity of choice. The style which is so perfectly suited to his emptiness also prevents him from exploration essay, being anything more than empty; and he must develop into something more if we are to accept the idea that he was tempted, even momentarily, to choose Carla's way. To do what he wanted to do in In a Yellow Wood , Vidal needed a subtler and far more flexible technique, one that would serve as the formula not only for Holton's sterile purposelessness but for Carla's affirmative ideal. He also needed a point of view, a set of values, through which he could make his theme dramatically meaningful. But the emptiness that is 96 thesis of luther, behind these.
(The entire section is 3032 words.) Get Free Access to this Gore Vidal Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. [In Julian ] Gore Vidal has resurrected that unacknowledged humanists' culture-hero, Julian the Apostate—though perhaps resurrected is an unfortunate word to use in connection with the Emperor who called Christians Galileans and their churches charnel-houses.… Vidal has one rather ambiguous advantage …: unlike most Emperors, Julian wrote a great deal that was not only sedulously applauded during his lifetime, but actually survived for posterity. Drink Thesis! (p.
21) No reader can get very far into Julian's platitudinous, mock-classical prose without realizing that as a Hellenistic man of letters (which he liked to consider himself) the Apostate was a dead flop. Any intelligent. (The entire section is 96 thesis, 453 words.) Get Free Access to an essay on smoking be banned, this Gore Vidal Study Guide.
Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. [ Julian ] brings together and of luther, dramatizes more effectively and with much greater authority than ever before preoccupations that have been present in [Gore Vidal's] fiction almost from its beginnings. Indeed, despite the complete dissimilarity of ostensible subject, form, period and setting, Julian in research paper, a real sense recapitulates the themes and attitudes of The Judgment of Paris , which appeared in 1952. That novel was a modern version precisely of the judgment of Paris, who, in Vidal's pages, is 96 thesis, a young American in Europe tempted in energy, turn by beautiful women representative of power, wisdom, and love respectively…. Not entirely obscured by the wit, the irreverence and. (The entire section is 723 words.) Edgar Box was the pen name of Gore Vidal, who wrote [the mysteries, Death in the Fifth Position, Death before Bedtime, and Death Likes It Hot, in the early fifties], and then dropped the genre. Each features the public-relations man Peter Cutler Sargeant III. Each has characters who move in relatively high society: great ballet dancers, Washington moguls, East Hampton Social Register types. Box/Vidal tried to get a breezy style … into his Sargeant, who is dragged into murder willy-nilly.
The writing is 96 thesis of luther, a bit forced, a bit dated, but the three books are nevertheless rather charming period pieces. Some social commentary is present, though the author does not carry things to internet sources, an obsessive point, as does his. (The entire section is 162 words.) In more than thirty volumes of novels, stories, plays, and essays Gore Vidal … has exposed and ridiculed the 96 thesis of luther power of superstition from the triumph of energy drink, Christianity in the fourth century to 96 thesis, the destructive force of various religious cults today. In each of the last three decades of Vidal's career, one novel stands out for its satire of religious superstition. In the fifties Vidal published Messiah (1954) which mocks Christianity with the energy drink statements success of a death-worshipping cult that spreads quickly over a savior-hungry world; in the sixties he published Julian (1964) which dramatizes the of luther last intelligence of Greece and Rome as it is an essay should, challenged and destroyed by the dark power of Christian dogma; and in the. (The entire section is 1504 words.) Creation: 528 pages of small type. As I picked up the heavy book, I knew terror, for I am that rarest of reviewers who actually reads every word, and rather slowly.
What I saw on the first page was disquieting. With an 96 thesis obviously bogus protagonist, Vidal must depend upon the cunning of his narrative gift to propel these characters through great events, and not only must he describe the sweep of military and political action but also give us close-ups of Darius, Xerxes, Zoroaster, the Buddha, Confucius and research citing internet, many more. The detail is painstaking and generally authentic. 96 Thesis Of Luther! The naive portraits of the great men convince rather more than subtler work might have done. This is not at all bad, except as prose. His.
(The entire section is 476 words.) [Creation] takes the form of the memoir-autobiography of one Cyrus Spitama, a half-Persian, half-Greek grandson of the prophet Zoroaster. Spitama regards himself as a counter-historian, which is not a bad description of Gore Vidal, who has offered his own interpretation of Roman and American history in such novels as Julian, Burr and research paper citing, 1876, not to mention his numerous graceful essays. Myra Breckenridge had a historical dimension, too, even if it was only the movies; and Kalki can be seen as a kind of history of the future. 96 Thesis Of Luther! But Creation is different from any of these. Letter For Resume! It is wider-ranging and more ambitious; it is much more learned; it entertains by giving a bystanders' view of great.
(The entire section is 674 words.) Gore Vidal's new novel [ Creation ] is 96 thesis of luther, nothing if not ambitious…. Consider, to begin with, the territory covered…. Mr. Vidal cuts a wide swathe, both in time and space. We follow the career of Cyrus Spitama from his seventh year to his seventy-fifty, and among the cities and civilizations we visit are Susa, Persepolis, Babylon, the colonies of Ionia, Sardis, the Harappan culture of the Dravidians on statements the river Indus, the Jain settlement on the Ganges, and 96 thesis, sundry kingdoms and dukedoms in China: a vast and teeming panorama. And this is merely the for life essay outer shell of the book. Its core and essence consists of a discussion of ethics and religion, a prolonged examination of the.
(The entire section is 585 words.) Few American writers can display the virtuosity of Gore Vidal: saline essays on popular arts and letters; our best political play, The Best Man; intimate analyses of politics, ranging from his observations chez Kennedy to the limitations of Ronald Reagan; futuristic visits to 96 thesis, a small planet; revisionist appraisals of America's past imperfect in Burr and 1876; and, of citing sources, course, the of luther sexual vaudeville of Myra Breckenridge, Myron , and, though he has shrewdly disowned it, the film Caligula , loosely based on his conceptions. And yet … and yet. I know of no writer with comparable gifts who elicits so little critical response…. This exclusion is due mostly to the writer. (The entire section is to write your essays, 665 words.) Gore Vidal has always been interested in origins. In Julian , he dealt with the origins of Christian Europe. In the Aaron Burr trilogy he looked at the origins of 96 thesis of luther, modern America and in the two Breckenridge books he examined, in satirical vein, the origins of gender. In the present work [ Creation ] set in the age of Pericles, which had a greater abundance of energy thesis statements, prophets and thinkers than any other period, he explores the origins of almost everything….
This is a very long book but, considering its vast scope, it is not nearly long enough…. Still, within the work's compass, Gore Vidal attempts to display, and illuminate, many of the political, theological, philosophical and. (The entire section is 379 words.) Creation is a novel that describes, creates and analyses history, and it is not the of luther first of Gore Vidal's novels to do so. He has already devoted a lengthy trilogy to American history, and Julian , though set some eight hundred years later than Creation , shares the new novel's concern with history both political and pay people to write your essays, religious in the ancient world.
Both books examine critical ways in which ideas of a more or less religious kind impinge on 96 thesis and determine political and imperial growth. Julian's apostasy could have prevented the space exploration development of the Christian Church and radically affected the 96 thesis progress of the Western world, and the novel captures a period of ideological instability. Similarly, in.