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Air pollution in malaysia essay

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best biographers The Shortlist for air pollution the 2017 Tony Lothian Prize has been announced. Dissertation. The prize awards ?2,000 to the best proposal for an uncommissioned first biography. The Prize, run by the Biographers’ Club, is sponsored by air pollution in malaysia the Duchess of Buccleuch in memory of her mother, Antonella, Marchioness of Lothian, OBE (1922-2007). The shortlisted proposals are (in alphabetical order): Lin Rose Clark, The Boxing Parson of thesis prospectus Killarney. The author tells the story of her grandfather Robert ‘Bob’ Hilliard, a roisterer and rebel who met an early death fighting with the International Brigades against Franco. While still a schoolboy he scandalised his Protestant family by supporting the cause of Irish Independence, and pitted himself against the world thereafter. A Classics scholar who boxed for Ireland in the Paris Olympics of 1924, he left his studies for love and a shotgun wedding. His career in journalism was interrupted by air pollution sudden conversion to Christianity, upon which he became a respected parson; abandoning that, he joined the fight against the growing threat of Fascism by going to fight in Spain. Funny, eloquent and wayward, he was both hero and anti-hero: ambitious, backsliding, loved and castigated in equal measure.

This biography explores the biology, personal crises that sprang from the extraordinary era in which he lived and throws light on a paradoxical man and his times. Oli Hazzard, Enter a Cloud: A Book On/With/For/After W.S. Graham. Air Pollution. W.S. Graham was one of the most brilliant and influential poets of the twentieth century. A close friend of Dylan Thomas and Edwin Morgan, published by T.S.Eliot at Faber, inspiration to Harold Pinter and cherished by figures from all branches of essay poetry he nevertheless lived most of his life in poverty and obscurity. Enter a Cloud traces in idiosyncratic fashion his remarkable, difficult life, from interwar childhood in Scotland through the Second World War and his extraordinary poetic output, to post-war New York and London with their thriving poetic circles and air pollution in malaysia eventual residence in Cornwall and his involvement with the artists of St Ives. Is A Lonely Essay. The book eschews any traditional biographical techniques to approach Graham’s life aslant, through imagined interviews, fictionalised encounters, transcribed conversations, email exchanges, and unpublished archival materials. Graham’s amused and amusing scepticism about the very act of biography is honoured in a way that might well have pleased its subject.

Willibald, born in Anglo-Saxon England in AD700, was the greatest traveller of his age. His fame rests upon a ten-year pilgrimage he made to Rome and then the air pollution essay, Holy Land, then a Muslim Caliphate, during which he faced perils and setbacks that would have felled a lesser man. He was arrested as a spy and nearly executed; he survived malaria and bubonic plague; he courted the death penalty, climbed a live volcano, and encountered lions and crocodiles,snakes and scorpions. Once settled as bishop in Bavaria, he told all this and much more about his extraordinary travels to his kinswoman Hugeburc, whose narrative forms the basis of this book. It is extraordinary that Willibalds’s story has not been told before, given the richness of the basic of chapter 1 thesis, material and the exciting, detailed narrative, now supplemented with the tales of other pilgrims and travellers, and up-to-date archaeological evidence. It evokes a long-lost world and a remarkable man’s place within it. Philip Ward, Every Other Inch a Gentleman: The Lives of Michael Arlen.

Michael Arlen was a literary sensation among the smart set of the 1920s. A self-styled chronicler of Mayfair society, he published a string of stories and novels that made him a celebrity on both sides of the Atlantic, none more successful than The Green Hat , made into a film with Greta Garbo. Courted by Hollywood, and air pollution essay married to a Greek countess, the millionaire author set up home on the French Riviera and parts 1 thesis remained immaculately tailored, endlessly clubbable, even after his star dimmed … Yet this was only one of his lives. For ‘Michael Arlen’ was born to Armenian parents who had emigrated to Lancashire: a young adventurer who re-invented himself as a dapper man of letters, and moved among the air pollution in malaysia, brightest stars of the Jazz Age. This book explores this complex figure and the rise and wane of his reputation; in doing so it will also be a chapter in the history of taste. John Woolf, Queen Victoria’s Freaks: The Performers at biology essay Buckingham Palace. This books offers the untold story of the ‘freaks’ that Queen Victoria loved to essay stare at.

The royal household was a revolving door for ‘dwarfs’, ‘giants’, ‘Siamese twins’, ‘Aztec children’ and ‘exotic freaks’, who were summoned by royal command from the boards of the Victorian freak show to Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle for essay the entertainment of the monarch, her family and her royal guests. They would often leave with gifts presented by Her Majesty, and their royal patronage helped to make their careers. These encounters were recorded in in malaysia essay, Victoria’s journals, and honors splashed across the essay, press; they show the monarch in basic parts 1 thesis, a new light. And by resurrecting the triumphant and tragic lives of the freaks who met Victoria this book humanises the inhumane, and tells the story of the in malaysia essay, freak show across the writing quills, nineteenth century: a world that permeated all aspects of in malaysia essay Victorian culture. Paper Proposal. The winner will be announced and air pollution in malaysia the Prize awarded at the Biographers’ Club Christmas party, to be held on Tuesday 12th December 6.30-8.30 at E6 Albany, Piccadilly, London W1J 0AR. 2016 Biographers#8217; Club Prize Winners Announced. Hisham Matar won the Slightly Foxed Best First Biography Prize, Sarah Watling won the Tony Lothian Prize, and Hilary Spurling received the Lifetime Services to Biography award at the Biographers#8217; Club Prize Dinner, held yesterday (15 November) at the Savile Club in London. (Left to right) Gail Pirkis of Slightly Foxed, Biographers#8217; Club Chair Anne de Courcy, and honors Isabel Wall of Viking, who accepted the air pollution in malaysia, Best First Biography prize on behalf of shopping essay Hisham Matar. Matar took the Slightly Foxed Best First Biography Prize (?3,500) with The Return: Fathers, Sons and the Land in Between (Viking). The book records Matar#8217;s journey in seach of his father, who had been imprisoned in Colonel Gadaffi#8217;s Libya 22 years earlier, when Matar was 19. For the judges, Flora Fraser commented: #8220;Matar#8217;s The Return tells in poignant and in malaysia exquisite detail of mla research paper proposal loss and reclamation following his father#8217;s imprisonment in Gaddafi#8217;s Libya.

Masterly.#8221; Fraser#8217;s fellow judges were Richard Davenport-Hines and Ysenda Maxtone Graham. Among the air pollution in malaysia essay, three other titles on the Prize shortlist was East West Street: On the Origins of Genocide and Crimes against Humanity by Philippe Sands (Weidenfeld), who elsewhere in essay, London yesterday evening was receiving the Baillie Gifford Prize for Non-Fiction for which Matar was also shortlisted. The Best First Biography shortlist was completed by air pollution essay David Aaronovitch#8217;s Party Animals: My Family and Other Communists (Cape), David Hare’s The Blue Touch Paper (Faber) and cheap dissertation writing quills Juliet Nicolson#8217;s A House Full of Daughters (Chatto). Tony Lothian Prize winner Sarah Watling (left) with Lifetime Services to Biography winner Hilary Spurling. The ?2,000 Tony Lothian Prize, for a proposal for an uncommissioned biography, went to Sarah Watling for Noble Savages . Watling#8217;s book will be a portrait of the four Olivier sisters: Margery, Brynhild, Daphne and air pollution in malaysia Noel, daughters of the Fabian Sir Sydney Olivier, Governor of Jamaica. At Cambridge, all four were introduced to Rupert Brooke, and parts of chapter 1 thesis formed the air pollution in malaysia essay, Neo Pagan group. The youngest, Noel, would prove the love of Brooke#8217;s life, and joined the tiny minority of female doctors before the dissertation writing, First World War. Her sister Daphne became a pioneering educationalist who set up Britain#8217;s first Steiner school. It is a story that straddles the colonial leisure of the Caribbean, the bucolic life of in malaysia Victorian progressives, the frantic optimism of Edwardian Cambridge, the bleakness of war, the creativity and intrigues of the essay, Bloomsbury Group, and a host of evolving philosophies for life over the course of the 20th century.

The judges were biographer and academic Robert Douglas-Fairhurst, Susie Dowdall of the Daily Mail, and author Peter Stanford. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay. The 2015 Tony Lothian Prize winner, Square Haunting by Francesca Wade, went on writing, to secure a publishing deal with Faber. Essay. Hilary Spurling is the proposal, 2016 recipient of the Lifetime Services to in malaysia Biography award, among the past winners of which are Michael Holroyd, Richard Holmes, Claire Tomalin, Selina Hastings and, in 2015, John Julius Norwich. Honors Thesis. Spurling#8217;s subjects have included Paul Scott, Henri Matisse, and Pearl Buck; she is at work on air pollution in malaysia, a life of Anthony Powell. Her biography Matisse the Master won the 2005 Whitbread (now Costa) Book of the Year. Though he could not be present in person, Hisham Matar accepted his prize with the following speech:

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resume phedre racine C r©©e le 1 er janvier 1677, Ph¨dre repr©sente l’apog©e de l’“uvre tragique de Racine. Air Pollution? Il a trente-sept ans et, depuis son premier chef-d’“uvre, Andromaque , jou© dix ans plus t´t, il a ©crit peu pr¨s une pi¨ce par an. Christmas? Prot©g© et admir© par le roi, ©lu l’Acad©mie fran§aise en 1672, il atteint le sommet de sa carri¨re. Air Pollution Essay? C’est en cette mªme ann©e 1677 qu’il va se marier avec une riche bourgeoise parisienne et qu’il sera nomm©, avec Boileau, « historiographe du roi ». D©sormais, Racine n’©crira plus de trag©die.

Il partagera sa vie entre sa charge officielle la Cour et sa famille. Molecular Biology? Ce n’est qu’ la fin de sa vie que, la demande de Mme de Maintenon, il acceptera d’©crire deux pi¨ces chr©tiennes, Esther (1689) et Athalie (1691), des fins p©dagogiques, pour les jeunes filles pensionnaires de Saint-Cyr. Pour r©ussir, Racine a su rompre des alliances et intriguer. In Malaysia Essay? Il s’est vivement oppos© son vieux rival Corneille. The Heart Is A Essay Questions? Il s’est attir© des intimit©s et des jalousies au point que la Voisin, lors de l’affaire des poisons, l’accusera d’avoir fait mourir son actrice et ma®tresse, la Du Parc. In Malaysia? Ph¨dre est l’occasion, pour les ennemis et rivaux de Racine, d’organiser contre lui une « cabale ». 1 Thesis? Bref, tous ©gards, Ph¨dre est l’“uvre cl© de Racine – et lui-mªme y vit son chef-d’“uvre, un aboutissement. Ph¨dre refl¨te en tout cas les sp©cificit©s du tragique racinien, toutes pouss©es au paroxysme. Air Pollution? La passion y est f©roce et inadmissible (l’inceste).

Les conflits y opposent des ªtres que tout devrait unir. Biology? Le mal s’y donne libre cours. Air Pollution? Le destin s’acharne contre les cr©atures, aveugles, ©gar©es dans le labyrinthe, obs©d©es par une fuite impossible. Parts Of Chapter? Le pessimisme est extrªme et chacun n’attend que la mort ou le sacrifice, tout en restant lucide sur la folie o¹ il est plong©. Racine, form© l’©cole du jans©nisme, puis oblig© de se frayer un chemin dans une soci©t© sans piti©, convaincu que l’homme est le jeu des passions et de la volont© de puissance, a concentr© dans Ph¨dre , une derni¨re fois avant de se taire, sa sombre vision de la condition humaine. Racine a voulu revenir aux sources de la trag©die antique. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? Ses premi¨res pi¨ces ont d©fie le go»t de son si¨cle, habitu© aux beaux sentiments des h©ros corn©liens. Biology Essay? Refusant tout optimisme accommodant, Racine veut renouer avec un lieu th©¢tral sobre, d©nud©, o¹ la cr©ature humaine est livr©e d’un combat in©gal avec la fatalit©. Air Pollution Essay? Cette vision est sans doute influenc©e par la formation jans©niste de Racine. Les modernes ont toujours ©t© fascin©s par la trag©die racinienne et par Ph¨dre en particulier. Dissertation Writing? C’est qu’ils ont su traduire en d’autres termes le climat racinien et montrer qu’il atteint ce qui nous est essentiel.

Plut´t que d’insister sur le « pªch© originel » chr©tien, ils per§oivent dans Ph¨dre le poids de l’h©r©dit© : quelle responsabilit© avons-nous, d¨s lors, que s’exercent notre insu les tares de notre sang ? Mais nous sentons bien aussi que la « faute » de Ph¨dre touche au plus fort de l’interdit : l’inceste. In Malaysia Essay? La prohibition de la sexualit© entre parents est universelle. Is A Lonely Essay Questions? Elle a des raisons sociales, sans doute, mais elle constitue aussi, selon Freud, le c“ur du « refoul© » : complexe d’’dipe, attirance-r©pulsion. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? Racine n’invente pas son sujet, mais il perp©tue l’interrogation primordiale de l’homme sur le d©sir. Christmas Shopping Essay? Car nous d©sirons surtout ce qui est impossible. Lire Ph¨dre , finalement, c’est rencontrer l’absolu. In Malaysia Essay? Il a nom amour.

C’est le tout ou rien : ou tu m’aimes ou je te tue. Paper? Possessif ravageur, autodestructeur, l’amour est jaloux et cruel. Pourqu’il puisse se r©v©ler totalement, il s’attache exclusivement une personne qui ne peut lui appartenir sans crime – ou sans inceste. In Malaysia Essay? Le spectateur d©couvre ainsi le vrai de la passion. Dissertation? « Il n’y a pas d’amour heureux. Essay? » La trag©die – comme le mythe – r©fl©chit la condition humaine. Mla Research Proposal? Mais elle est aussi spectacle et plaisir. Essay? Car nous voyons les cons©quences de d©r¨glements qu’un autre vit pour nous : nous nous d©foulons, nous nous purifions. Parts? Et la langue de Racine, pur po¨me lyrique, invite au d©paysement et au rªve, en transformant l’abomination des faits en m©lodie des c“urs bless©s. € Tr©z¨ne, en Gr¨ce, une ©poque fort lointaine, Ph¨dre, seconde ©pouse du roi Th©s©e, est tomb©e amoureuse de son beau-fils Hippolyte. Essay? Cette passion lui semble si monstrueuse qu’elle se r©sout mourir plut´t que d’avouer son amour.

Ne pouvant toutefois supporter le chagrin de sa nourrice ’none, qui la voit d©p©rir, elle lui confie l’origine du mal qui la consume. Molecular Biology? Bient´t circule la rumeur de la mort de Th©s©e, absent depuis de longs mois. Sa succession au tr´ne ouvre une crise politique. Air Pollution In Malaysia? Ph¨dre consulte Hippolyte ; mais, troubl©e par la pr©sence du jeune homme, elle finit par lui avouer qu’elle l’aime. Lonely Questions? Hippolyte s’enfuit, horrifi©. Th©s©e serait vivant, apprend-on aussit´t apr¨s. In Malaysia? Ph¨dre mesure l’horreur de sa situation. Lonely Hunter Essay Questions? Et si Hippolyte venait parler ? ’none lui sugg¨re de prendre les devants et d’accuser Hippolyte de tentative de viol. Air Pollution In Malaysia? Ph¨dre s’indigne, puis, accabl©e, laisse ’none agir sa guise.

Celle-ci le d©nonce Th©s©e d¨s son retour. Cheap Dissertation Writing Quills? D©sespoir et fureur de Th©s©e. Air Pollution Essay? Pour preuve de son innocence, Hippolyte lui r©v¨le qu’il aime Aricie. Honors? Th©s©e ne le croit pas. In Malaysia? Honteuse et repentante, Ph¨dre accourt pour lui r©v©ler la v©rit©. Christmas Shopping? Mais elle apprend par la bouche d’’none qu’Hippolyte aime Aricie. Essay? Jalouse, elle d©cide de ne rien dire.

Malgr© l’intervention d’Aricie, Th©s©e demande Neptune de punir son fils. Le suicide d’’none, d©sesp©r©e de se voir condamn©e par Ph¨dre, le trouble. Cheap Dissertation? Trop tard. In Malaysia? Un dragon, surgi de la mer sur ordre de Neptune, tue Hippolyte. Christmas Essay? Ph¨dre confesse son crime Th©s©e et s’empoisonne. Th©s©e , roi de Tr©z¨ne et d’Ath¨nes, homme m»r, au pass© galant et h©ro¯que. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? Ph¨dre , ©pouse d©§ue et tromp©e de Th©s©e, amoureuse d’Hippolyte, poursuivie par la haine ancestrale de la d©esse V©nus. Molecular Biology? Hippolyte , fils de Th©s©e et d’Antiope, complex© par la gloire de son p¨re et amoureux d’Aricie. Air Pollution? ’none , nourrice, d©vou©e corps et ¢me, de Ph¨dre.

Aricie , jeune princesse courageuse, ©limin©e du tr´ne d’Ath¨nes par Th©s©e qui, pour des raisons politiques, lui a interdit de se marier sous peine de mort. The Heart Is A Questions? Th©ram¨ne, gouverneur d’Hippolyte. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? Ism¨ne, confidente d’Aricie. Basic Of Chapter? Panope, femme de la suite de Ph¨dre. In Malaysia? Gardes.

R acine propose dans sa pr©face la clef de ce personnage ©ponyme de la pi¨ce. Molecular Biology Essay? La formule est c©l¨bre : « Ph¨dre n’est ni tout fait coupable, ni tout fait innocente ». In Malaysia Essay? Cette ambigu¯t© fondamentale du personnage fait tout son int©rªt dramatique: elle passe du registre de la noirceur celui du remords, de la violence la plus obscure de grands moments de lucidit©, ce qui suscite chez le spectateur la piti©. Paper? Ph¨dre est une figure tragiquement ©cartel©e. La culpabilit© de Ph¨dre est d’abord une culpabilit© sociale et familiale : elle aime son beau-fils, Hippolyte, fils de Th©s©e et d’Antiope. Air Pollution Essay? Elle ne respecte non plus son devoir d’©pouse puisqu’elle est reine: mari©e du roi Th©s©e, elle d©choit de son rang et trahit sa fonction. Of Chapter? Enfin, elle est indigne du titre de m¨re: bien qu’ayant un fils de Th©s©e, Acamas, elle d©truit sa famille l©gitime par son amour pour Hippolyte.

Mais cette culpabilit© n’est pas, au premier abord, de la responsabilit© de Ph¨dre. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? Sa passion est v©cue comme l’effet d’une machination divine, dont « la fille de Minos et de Pasipha© » n’est que l’instrument, l’ultime manifestation. Parts Of Chapter? Son ascendance en effet explique quelques-uns des nombreux visages de Ph¨dre dans la pi¨ce. Il est impossible n©anmoins d’innocenter compl¨tement Ph¨dre la lumi¨re de cette lourde h©r©dit©. In Malaysia? Sa passion la d©vore, mais il faut remarquer combien sa volont© se garde d’aller dans un sens oppos© au flux qui l’entra®ne. Prospectus? Ph¨dre change ainsi, de mani¨re tr¨s rapide, de registre passionnel : amoureuse (sc¨ne 3, acte I), apeur©e (sc¨ne 5, acte II), jalouse (sc¨ne 5, acte IV), repentante (sc¨ne 7, acte V), elle passe pas divers ©tats qui la ravagent au point qu’elle abdique tout pouvoir sur elle-mªme. In Malaysia Essay? Sa raison sait ªtre de mauvaise foi lorsque son amour pour Hippolyte est en jeu. Is A Lonely Essay? La derni¨re sc¨ne de l’acte I le montre bien : Ph¨dre, proche du suicide, r©pond aux exhortations d’’none en rejetant la responsabilit© de ses acteurs sur sa servante, et, pour camoufler son amour pour son beau-fils Hippolyte, elle le cache sous les apparences d’une pr©occupation maternelle pour son fils Acamas, dont elle pr©tend assurer l’avenir politique. Racine a donc bien pris soin de pr©senter son personnage dans les affres d’un amour d©vastateur, mais aussi de mettre en sc¨ne tous les m©andres emprunt©s par le d©sir, toutes les ruses de ce d©sir pour arriver ses fins et se jouer d’autrui comme de soi-mªme, jusqu’ la mort. Air Pollution In Malaysia? On notera que la principale figure de style qui caract©rise les propos de Ph¨dre dans la pi¨ce est l’oxymore.

L’¢me de Ph¨dre est « une obscure clart© », une « sombre lumi¨re »… T h©s©e est fils d’Eg©e, roi d’Ath¨nes, et †thra, princesse de Tr©z¨ne. Basic 1 Thesis? Elev© dans cette cit© par sa m¨re et son grand-p¨re, il n’apprend qu’ l’adolescence qui est son p¨re. Air Pollution? Il part alors combattre les Pallantides, les fr¨res d’Aricie, qui pr©tendaient succ©der Eg©e, et devient l’h©ritier du tr´ne d’Ath¨nes. Il a un fils, Hippolyte, puis, apr¨s la disparition d’Antiope, il ©pouse Ph¨dre, dont il a eu deux fils, Acamas et D©mophon (jamais mentionn© par Racine dans la pi¨ce).

Th©s©e a donc un pass© glorieux. The Heart Is A Lonely Hunter Essay? La pi¨ce retentit, par allusion ou r©cits ©piques, de ses exploits. Th©s©e, comme Hippolyte, a sa « faiblesse », et ce point faible, ce sont les femmes. Essay? Ses aventures galantes sont ©voqu©es plusieurs reprises dans la pi¨ce, comme un th¨me r©current, au vers 23 (« jeunes erreurs »), aux vers 85-89, et son voyage en Epire, dont les dangers ont aliment© le bruit de la mort du roi, avait un motif de la mªme trempe, puisqu’il s’agissait d’aider son ami Piritho¼s enlever la femme du tyran de cette contr©e. The Heart Essay Questions? Th©s©e appara®t plut´t comme un s©ducteur fatigu©, prompt se jeter dans les bras de son ©pouse au retour de son exp©dition (sc¨ne 4, acte III). Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? En outre, jamais Racine n’en fait un personnage ridicule: il conserve toujours sa qualit© de h©ros, envers qui les dieux eux-mªmes, comme Neptune, ont des dettes. Le donjuanisme de Th©s©e ne serait encore qu’une « faiblesse » toute relative si le personnage ne manquait pas de lucidit©. Dissertation Writing Quills? Or Th©s©e est aveugle et cr©dule. Essay? Lui, capable de revenir des Enfers et d’exploits h©ro¯ques sans pareil, il se r©v¨le pi¨tre souverain et ne peut discerner temps les mesquines man“uvres d’une servante. Cheap Dissertation Writing Quills? Il finit la trag©die en contemplant le malheur autour de lui, en p¨re accabl©, en mari abus©, en roi ©cras© par le destin.

Cette image n©gative du h©ros est enfin renforc©e par le r´le qu’il joue dans la pi¨ce. Air Pollution? Son existence s’oppose presque tous les personnages de la trag©die : sa femme qui ne peut aimer Hippolyte, son fils d’un premier lit ; ce fils, qui ne peut aimer Aricie, frapp©e par l’interdit royal d’©pouser quiconque ; Aricie, qui ne peut aimer Hippolyte pour la mªme raison. Cheap Writing? Th©s©e incarne l’obstacle par excellence, ce qui montre parfaitement la parenth¨se de l’acte II (l’acte des d©clarations), c’est- -dire o¹, Th©s©e passant pour mort, les passions se lib¨rent et s’expriment. R acine avait eu l’intention d’appeler sa pi¨ce Ph¨dre et Hippolyte . Air Pollution In Malaysia? Hippolyte a beau commencer la pi¨ce, son r´le est secondaire par rapport celui de sa belle m¨re ; le titre en d©finitive retenu le montre bien. Prospectus? N©anmoins, le personnage d’Hippolyte n’est sans complexit© ni int©rªt. In Malaysia Essay? Dans sa pr©face, Racine souligne dans quelle mesure il s’est ©cart© de la l©gende antique, et s’en excuse : s’il n’a pas epris l’extrªme perfection morale et physique qui caract©rise Hippolyte dans la tradition mythologique, c’est pour que la mort du personnage ne suscite pas un sentiment de r©volte et d’injustice chez le spectateur. Shopping? Racine veut respecter la lettre la prescription aristot©licienne : la trag©die doit engendre la piti©, et pour qu’il y ait piti©, il faut que le personnage ait une « faiblesse », c’est- -dire qu’il soit humain, proche du spectateur, qui doit pouvoir s’identifier.

En faisant d’Hippolyte l’amant d’Aricie, il rend accessible son personnage. Air Pollution In Malaysia? Le tragique, c’est humain. Racine pr©sente l’amour d’Hippolyte pour Aricie comme antith©tique au reste de sa personnalit©. Mla Research? Amateur de chasse et autres sports (vers 130-132), il semble vou© la prouesse solitaire de ceux de son p¨re. Air Pollution In Malaysia? Fils de Th©s©e et d’Antope, reine des Amazones, il pr©sente une parfaite « grandeur d’¢me ». The Heart Is A Lonely Questions? Il sait garder le contr´le de lui-mªme, lorsque Ph¨dre lui avoue sa passion: il refuse de la frapper de son glaive (sc¨ne 5, acte II). Essay? Il fait preuve de fid©lit©, envers Aricie, qui vont ses derni¨res paroles (vers 1561-1566), et mªme envers Ph¨dre, qu’il refuse de d©noncer ou de couvrir d’opprobre : jamais il n’oublie qu’elle est reine, ©pouse de son p¨re (sc¨ne 5, acte II). Par toutes ces qualit©s, il se croit au-dessus des autres hommes, avant de prendre conscience de son amour pour Aricie : le voil devenu simplement un homme parmi les autres hommes, sujet aux lois de l’amour (vers 531-536). Honors Prospectus? Il juge sa passion, comme un obstacle sur la route de l’h©ro¯sme. Air Pollution? Elle le conduit in©vitablement s’opposer son p¨re, puisque cet amour s’adresse pr©cis©ment celle que son p¨re lui refuse pour des raisons politiques : Aricie, descendante d’une famille qui a jadis r©gn© sur Ath¨nes et que Th©s©e d©cim©e, ne doit pas avoir d’enfant qui puisse un jour r©clamer le tr´ne par leur ancªtres. Lonely Hunter Questions? L’amour d’Hippolyte d©stabilise le pouvoir de son p¨re : Hippolyte, comme Rodrigue dans Le Cid de Pierre Corneille, doit choisir entre l’honneur (Th©s©e) et l’amour (Aricie).

Pr©cis©ment, c’est Th©s©e, plus Aricie, qui est la vraie « faiblesse » d’Hippolyte. Air Pollution Essay? Ce dernier n’est pas un h©ros, car il ne s’est pas encore ©mancip© du mod¨le paternel. Proposal? Il p©rit finalement en raison de sa trop grande timidit© devant l’autorit© de Th©s©e: lorsque celui-ci l’accuse injustement d’avoir tent© d’abuser de Ph¨dre, il se refuse d©noncer la machination de la reine, qu’il respecte malgr© tout comme la femme de son p¨re (sc¨ne 2, acte IV). Le comportement qui caract©rise le mieux Hippolyte, finalement, c’est la fuite (vers 1717 ou encore 925-926). In Malaysia? C’est l que r©side toute l’ambiguit© de ce personnage : plein de vertu, aspirant un h©ro¯sme digne de celui de son p¨re, Hippolyte a peur, aussi bien devant les sentiments de l’amour que devant le monde trouble du palais de Tr©z¨ne.

Il rªve d’affrontements au grand jour, avec un ennemi clairement d©sign© : il ne rencontre que des passions, celle de Ph¨dre, mais aussi la sienne. Mla Research? Ironie du sort : lorsqu’il quitte enfin Tr©z¨ne et affronte un monstre, il en meurt. A ricie est une invention par rapport la tradition antique, qui ne relate aucun fait pr©cis son sujet, sinon qu’elle est la fille de Pallante et que ses fr¨res, les Pallantidesm revendiquant le tr´ne d’Eg©e, ont ©t© massacr©s par Th©s©e. Air Pollution In Malaysia? Si Racine s’est permis cette libert©, c’est que ce personnage joue un r´le important dans l’organisation psychologique de la pi¨ce. Elle incarne en effet un maillon dans la cha®ne infernale de l’amour et de la haine qui lie les protagonistes de la trag©die : Ph¨dre aime Hippolyte qui aime Aricie qui aime Hippolyte, Th©s©e ayant tout pouvoir sur chacun de ces personnages. Thesis Prospectus? Aricie appara®t donc comme la jeune fille amoureuse par excellence. Essay? Ainsi est-elle pr©sent©e comme « jeune » (vers 50), « aimable » (vers 53), rebelle l’amour comme Hippolyte (vers 433) avant d’y succomber comme Hippolyte. Honors Prospectus? A cela s’ajoutent un sens de la justice (vers 1584) qui se r©v¨le lorsqu’elle voit Th©s©e ©couter les calomnies d’’none contre Hippolyte. Personnage un peu terne dans sa candeur morale et na¯ve, elle est victorieuse de sa rivale dans le c“ur d’Hippolyte, mais cette victoire, fort relative (son amant p©rit), souligne la situation path©tique de Ph¨dre plus qu’elle ne met en valeur Aricie. In Malaysia? Elle ne doute jamais, ni de son bon droit, ni de son amour, qu’elle s’est partag©. Racine a su donner toutefois Aricie une ©paisseur humaine, en la dotant elle aussi d’une « faiblesse » qui n’est sugg©r©e.

Cette ©paisseur s’affirme mesure que se d©roule la pi¨ce. Shopping Essay? Aricie aime sa « gloire » : ainsi con§oit-elle cet amour dont elle tire orgueil (vers 449-453). Essay? Jamais, cependant, cet orgueil quelque peu vindicatif ne va jusqu’ la conscience du personnage : la sinc©rit© d’Aricie est enti¨re dans ses sentiments pour Hippolyte, sa r©action la mort de son amant le prouve. Christmas Essay? La pi¨ce s’ach¨ve sur l’image d’une jeune fille bris©e. ’ none est un personnage secondaire qui jour un r´le fondamental dans la pi¨ce. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? Elle appara®t comme la face d’ombre de Ph¨dre.

Mais, en fait, elle ne se cantonne pas ce r´le. Les liens qui unissent ’none et sa ma®tresse sont tr¨s forts : nourrice aim©e, ’none est la confidente par excellence. Writing? Elle incarne la voix de la raison quand Ph¨dre s’abandonne sa folie, et de la vie quand Ph¨dre parle de se donner la mort. Racine n’enferme pas son personnage dans une codification fig©e. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? Car ’none la raisonnable en vient jouer l’entremetteuse (sc¨ne 1, acte III), puis calomnier Hippolyte. Questions? Les conseils qu’’none prodigue Ph¨dre n’ont rien d’objectif ni mªme de raisonnable, mais sont motiv©s par un d©vouement sans bornes qui ressemble fort une passion sans limite. Air Pollution Essay? € la fin de la pi¨ce, les accusations qu’elle porte contre Hippolyte lui apparaissent comme une faute morale, qu’elle justifie cependant pas sa volont© de sauver Ph¨dre tout prix du d©shonneur. 1 Thesis? Son principal r´le est d’engager Ph¨dre agir, ne pas s’abandonner elle-mªme: elle est ainsi un moteur fondamental de la tension tragique, jusqu’ la mort, la sienne et celle de sa ma®tresse. ’none est une passionn©e. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? Elle met un acharnement d©truire tout ce qui s’oppose sa passion. Mla Research Paper? Elle ne comprend pas qu’Hippolyte se refuse Ph¨dre et seules une haine farouche, une jalousie latente, peuvent la conduire calomnier le fils de Th©s©e devant son p¨re, pour l’honneur et pour l’amour de Ph¨dre. Air Pollution In Malaysia? ’none incarne un amour rentr©, une passion noire d’autant plus violente qu’elle n’a pas le droit de s’exprimer, ne serait-ce qu’en raison de son inf©riorit© sociale. Christmas Shopping? Sa mort est l’aboutissement in©luctable de cet amour impossible.

A u fil des actes et des sc¨nes, Racine met en sc¨ne la d©ch©ance d’un personnage. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? La structure de la pi¨ce est d’une impeccable rigueur, o¹ les ©chos et les parall¨les symbolisent la marche d’une fatalit© implacable. Christmas Essay? De la passion avou©e (acte I) la passion d©clar©e (acte II), de la passion d©nonc©e (acte III) la passion meurtri¨re (acte IV) et punie (acte V), Ph¨dre vit en cinq actes sa passion sur tous les mode, et s’achemine fatalement la mort. Air Pollution? Ph¨dre est la chronique d’une d©ch©ance annonc©e. Le premier acte a pour mission d’exposer tous les ©l©ments de l’intrigue : en introduisant le spectateur en pleine action, dans la situation conflictuelle de la pi¨ce, Racine met en sc¨ne une imbrication de sentiments et d’enjeux politiques qui vont faire la trag©die.

L’acte d’exposition se compose de cinq sc¨nes. The Heart Essay Questions? Deux sont consacr©es des aveux, ceux d’Hippolyte son « gouverneur » (pr©cepteur) Th©ram¨ne (sc¨ne 1), et ceux de Ph¨dre sa nourrice ’none (sc¨ne 3) ; deux autres sont des sc¨nes de transition: la sortie d’Hippolyte l’arriv©e de Ph¨dre (sc¨ne 2), et les encouragements d’’none sa ma®tresse (sc¨ne 5) ; enfin, une sc¨ne expose les ©l©ments qui vont servir, dans l’acte suivant, nouer l’action : Panope, servante de Ph¨dre, vient annoncer la mort de Th©s©e (sc¨ne 4). Le deuxi¨me acte, l’acte des p©rip©ties dans la trag©die classique, pr©sente les effets de l’annonce de la mort de Th©s©e, en six sc¨nes. Air Pollution? Ce mªme acte oppose l’amour partag© d’Aricie et d’Hippolyte dans les sc¨nes 1 et 2, l’amour solitaire et destructeur de Ph¨dre dans les sc¨nes 5 et 6, les sc¨nes 3 et 4 (vingt vers elles deux) assurant la transition entre les deux ensembles. Basic Parts? Le deuxi¨me acte contient encore un aveu, celui d’Aricie qui confesse sa confidente, Ism¨ne, son amour pour Hippolyte Aricie (sc¨ne 2) et de Ph¨dre Hippolyte (sc¨ne 5). Air Pollution? Ce sont elles, les v©ritables p©rip©ties de l’acte, c’est- -dire des ©v©nements qui contribuent augmenter la tension dramatique de la pi¨ce.

Le troisi¨me acte de Ph¨dre est bel et bien celui du « n“ud » de la pi¨ce, acte o¹, dans une tension toujours croissante, les oppositions, les passions contadictoires, la fatalit©, se d©voilent cr»ment et se nouent. Molecular Essay? Le retour de Th©s©e est la principale p©rip©tie de l’“uvre, au centre mªme de la pi¨ce : Th©s©e repr©sente l’obstacle majeu la fois la passion de Ph¨dre, sa femme, l’©gard d’Hippolyte, et l’amour d’Hippolyte, son fils, pour Aricie. Air Pollution Essay? Et l’apparition de Th©s©e va conduire Ph¨dre et Hippolyte non plus seulement des aveux ou des d©clarations, mais la faute. Cheap Dissertation? En six sc¨nes, le troisi¨me acte se noue selon une parfaiye ordonnance. Avec ses six sc¨nes, le quatri¨me acte repose, lui aussi, sur une construction dramatique impeccable, faite pour accro®tre la tension qui culminera dans le dernier acte. Air Pollution Essay? Il met en sc¨ne une violence accrue des rapports entre les personnages, exacerb©e par la « catastrophe » de la sc¨ne 4 : en r©v©lant Ph¨dre l’amour qu’Hippolyte porte Aricie, Th©s©e pr©cipite les personnages dans leurs passions extrªmes, vers issue fatale. Le dernier acte est celui o¹ se d©nouent les conflits mis en ©vidence au troisi¨me acte.

Trois conditions devaient ªtre remplies par les dramaturges selon les th©oriciens de l’©poque : ce d©nouement devait ªtre l’aboutissement n©cessaire des passions des divers personnages ; il devait r©gler de mani¨re compl¨te le destin de tous les protagonistes ; enfin, il devait ªtre pr©sent© dans une acc©l©ration de l’action. Cheap? Le cinqui¨me acte est divis© en deux ensembles de sc¨nes: le premier (sc¨ne 1 3) montre les derni¨res tentatives d’Hippolyte et d’Aricie pour sauver leur amour et leur propre personne ; la sc¨ne 4, avec le monologue de Th©s©e, fait figure de sc¨ne de transition, avant que l’acte ne bascule dans une suite de morts (sc¨ne 5 7), qui interviennent selon une ordre hi©rarchique et selon l’importance des personnages dans la pi¨ce : d’abord la mort dramatique d’’none (sc¨ne 5), puis la mort h©ro¯que d’Hippolyte (sc¨ne 6), enfin la mort tragique, la seule repr©sent©e sur sc¨ne, de Ph¨dre (sc¨ne 7). Cinq actes m¨nent donc la mort trois personnages, Ph¨dre, Hippolyte et ’none, et plongent dans la douleur les survivants, Th©s©e et Aricie. L a construction de la pi¨ce n’est pas le seul ©l©ment qui donne au spectateur le sentiment d’une ©crasante fatalit©. In Malaysia? L’une des r¨gles de la trag©die classique, l’unit© d’action, permet Racine de condenser l’action et d’augmenter la tension de mani¨re exacerb©e. En deux heures environ de rep©sentation th©¢trale, Racine met en sc¨ne une trag©die qui se d©roule en une journ©e. Basic Parts 1 Thesis? L’unit© temporelle de la journ©e pr©sente une valeur symbolique : elle donne l’impression d’une cl´ture, et ne laisse rien derri¨re elle. Tout le probl¨me est de donner ce temps symbolique un aspect vraisemblable.

Une action humaine, parce qu’elle d©pend d’une infinit© d’autres actions, s’inscrit dans un temps illimit©. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay? Au th©¢tre, compte tenu de la dur©e de la repr©sentation, il faut faire des choix. Writing Quills? D’o¹ la r¨gle de l’unit© d’action : il peut y avoir plusieurs actions, mais une seule pr©occupation doit pr©dominer pour qu’ la fin de la pi¨ce le spectateur ait le sentiment d’un ach¨vement. Racine fait des choix : le temps de sa trag©die est s©lectif, dans la mesure o¹ il ne repr©sente pas sur sc¨ne les ©v©nements qu’il jude moins importants. Air Pollution? Par exemple, l’acte IV commence quand d©j ’none a expos© Th©s©e toutes ses accusations calomnieuses contre Hippolyte. Biology? En outre, le temps de la trag©die est h©t©rog¨ne. Air Pollution Essay? Par exemple, la derni¨re apparition d’Hippolyte intervient dans la sc¨ne 1 de l’acte V, o¹ il dit adieu Aricie ; la sc¨ne 6 du mªme acte, surgit Th©ram¨ne qui raconte la mort de son ©l¨ve. Honors Thesis Prospectus? En temps r©el, il faut environ vingt minutes une demi-heure pour repr©senter les sc¨nes 1 6 de ce dernier acte. Air Pollution Essay? Racine cherche ici condenser les ©v©nements : en juxtaposant le r©cit de la mort d’Hippolyte et la mort de Ph¨dre, il donne la sensation d’un ach¨vement. L’unit© de temps comme l’unit© d’action sont donc deux moyens pour le dramaturge de mettre en sc¨ne certaines conceptions du monde, par des effets po©tiques qui paraissent le plus vraisemblables possible. Profil d’une “uvre : Ph¨dre (12 sujets corrig©s)

Ph¨dre (©tude de l’“uvre) Ph¨dre (Coffret Collector 2 DVD) par Hady · Published 18 juin 2012 · Last modified 31 janvier 2014. par Hady · Published 16 juin 2012. par Hady · Published 17 juin 2012 · Last modified 22 ao»t 2015.

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11 Sales Performance Metrics that Matter Most. While revenue-per-rep is ultimately the most important sales performance metric, there are other areas sales managers should focus on. Some managers fall into the trap of becoming too focused on quota and #8220;making the number#8221; that they lose track of some vital performance metrics. Managers can exercise a greater degree of control over essay, sales performance and activity metrics. By focusing on these key areas within their control, sales managers can bring about an improvement in sales performance and grow revenue. To help you improve the is a hunter essay questions, performance of your sales reps, we have outlined a number of important sales metrics and KPIs that you should focus on. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay! Take the time to measure how much time your reps actually spend selling. This step can help you identify any issues that are hampering sales performance. Time, after all, is the most precious commodity of the sales rep. Molecular Biology Essay! Look to eliminate sales roadblocks. For example, many reps today struggle to locate relevant content.

It is estimated that sales reps spend between 6.5 and 8.8 hours per week searching for information. If content retrieval issues are holding your sales team back, think about introducing sales enablement software that eliminates this inefficiency and in malaysia essay improves sales performance. Lonely Essay! Business today is moving at air pollution, an increasingly rapid pace. Biology! The rise of inbound marketing means companies are becoming more focused on online tactics to generate leads. However, research has shown that the air pollution in malaysia essay, life span of an online lead can be quite short. Speed of honors prospectus, response is air pollution in malaysia, key. Companies that try to contact a lead within an hour of the christmas, initial query are seven times more likely to qualify the lead than those companies that waited even an hour longer.

Companies that wait a full 24 hours before contacting the lead are 60 times less likely to qualify the lead than those who responded within the in malaysia essay, first hour. Quick response time can boost the performance of your sales team considerably. Chances are your company is mla research paper, making a considerable investment in marketing to build an online presence, and develop collateral to drum up leads. Ensure this investment pays off by responding to leads quickly and efficiently. According to the AMA (American Marketing Association), 90% of marketing content goes unused by air pollution sales. At the same time investment in content marketing continues to rise and now counts for 16% of overall budget according to according to the Information Technology Services Marketing Association.

This kind of inefficiency can have a major impact on your team#8217;s sales performance. Implementing next generation sales content management software is one way to boost the performance levels of essay, both sales and marketing. Prioritize software that closes the sales marketing loop and allows you to measure marketing collateral usage. Think about introducing systems and processes that allow marketing leaders to push relevant content directly to sales reps. Keeping track of opportunity win rate gives you some insight into the ability of air pollution in malaysia essay, your reps to paper proposal close a deal. Closing ability is quite a large part of sales performance. Some of your reps might be great at networking and working a deal through the pipeline only to consistently fail when it comes to closing. By keeping an eye on this metric you can work with reps who consistently post low opportunity rates. Sometimes sitting in with these reps on a call, or providing coaching can make all the difference. If the rep#8217;s performance continues to suffer due to low opportunity win rates, you could think about transferring the rep to in malaysia a new role as a sales development representative (SDR) where they can use their strengths to mla research proposal move leads through the essay, pipeline. The average size of dissertation quills, closed won deals is a metric which can quickly flag deals that may not be worth pursuing.

One of in malaysia essay, your priorities as a sales manager is to ensure your reps are spending their time as wisely as possible. You might also learn that reps are veering towards smaller deals because they are easier to close instead of pursuing the most important opportunities. If your average deal size is molecular, smaller than you would like, take some time to assess your company#8217;s lead generation efforts and why they are producing leads that end up in smaller deals. Liaise with marketing about ways lead generation can be tweaked to boost sales performance. In Malaysia! The average length of time it takes your reps to basic parts of chapter close a deal is another key metric when it comes to measuring the performance of air pollution essay, your sales reps. You should also look to measure the average time it takes a deal to pass through each stage of the shopping essay, sales pipeline. With this metric, you will quickly be able to flag deals that are less likely to in malaysia essay close by lonely hunter questions the amount of time they are taking to progress. You will also be able to identify sales bottlenecks and take action. Perhaps your reps need some expert coaching, or if the deal looks like it could amount to a huge time investment but the likelihood (based on average sales cycle duration) of a win is quite low, it might be time for your rep to invest their time in air pollution in malaysia deals that are statistically more likely to convert.

By arming yourself with this important sales cycle information, you can quickly eliminate sales bottlenecks and parts 1 thesis give direction to your team on how they should invest their time. This sales performance metric reflects the overall efficiency of the air pollution in malaysia essay, sales division. Total costs include salaries, commissions, expenses for your sales organization. Over time this metric can help you gauge the level of investment needed to reach a certain performance level. You will be able to tell how much of an investment it took your company to reach annual revenue. Measure your cost of sales to revenue ratio against the industry average to see how your levels of the heart is a lonely essay questions, sales productivity stack up. According to Phocas, sales funnel leakage is a crucial metric to gauge as it indicates whether holes exist in your sales funnel. With the right measurement, you can also determine precisely where those holes are, what#8217;s causing them, and gain insights on in malaysia how you might plug those leaks #8212; which aren#8217;t only leeching potentially valuable leads, but also revenue.

There are actually two key metrics that provide insight into sales funnel leakage: lead response time (mentioned earlier in this post) and rate of follow-up contact. Essay! Both of essay, these metrics can point to the health and efficiency of your sales force. Businesses that respond promptly to leads are more likely to close deals, and molecular biology essay persistence is, of course, crucial. Are your reps promptly reaching out to qualified leads? How often are they following up on leads? If there are significant time lapses between follow-ups and these leads are dropping out of the sales funnel before being deemed unqualified or not interested, you#8217;ve identified a prime opportunity to boost your sales figures by plugging this hole. Beyond metrics pertaining to outcomes, it#8217;s also critical to evaluate sales performance based on measurable actions.

Because factors such as the in malaysia, time it takes a sales rep to follow up on a lead can have such a substantial impact on whether your company wins the honors, sale, identifying the most influential actions and setting KPIs based on those goals is essay, a highly effective way to keep your sales team on basic of chapter 1 thesis track. You can set action-based goals for your sales team at large or for individual reps (or both). These goals are typically based on a target number of actions and a specified period (day, week, month, etc.). Geckoboard outlines a few good examples of action-based metrics such as: # of outreach emails sent # of first contact or follow-up calls made # of in malaysia essay, follow-up emails sent # of basic parts of chapter 1 thesis, meetings scheduled or conducted # of proposals sent. 10. Air Pollution Essay! Sales Volume by basic parts of chapter 1 thesis Location, Channel, or Territory. When it comes to boosting performance, the most insightful metrics are often those that can be broken down into granular views, such as the number of new client acquisitions per air pollution essay, rep, per shopping, location, sales territory, or channel. The insights gained from in malaysia this granular data are often actionable, enabling enterprises to pinpoint new opportunities or identify the dissertation writing, most profitable sales channels. By then focusing more marketing and sales power on these lucrative channels or customizing your messaging to the pain points specific to a location, you can intentionally and directly influence your sales figures moving into the next cycle. While results- and action-based metrics are indicative of the health of your sales organization, it#8217;s also important to air pollution in malaysia essay measure employee satisfaction. Ultimately, happier sales reps are more productive, and they tend to hunter questions better engage with leads and close more deals.

What#8217;s more, early indicators of a drop in employee satisfaction among your sales team can be preemptive indications of air pollution in malaysia essay, upcoming losses in revenue or declines in other metrics. As such, taking rapid action to boost morale can save your company from basic 1 thesis a numbers slump.

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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the in malaysia essay sources you use in lonely hunter essay your essay, you do a number of things. First of all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. Essay. In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants.

The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in. Essential is that you do provide references. Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the better. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and mla research will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on somebody else’s work, you should attribute the air pollution in malaysia essay source.

You do this by questions stating the air pollution in malaysia essay author(s) and the year of the publication you consulted. Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated. The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma. This may be necessary, for honors thesis, example, if only the first half of air pollution essay your sentence is based on someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for studying the shopping effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the author is included in brackets, together with the year of in malaysia publication. Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994). Parts. Some styles prefer the word and air pollution in malaysia , others prefer the ampersand ( symbol). Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. (which literally means and others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). Some styles put et al. into italics, others don’t.

If you have two or more references for molecular biology, the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones. What should you reference? Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. However, statements of air pollution in malaysia general nature need not be attributed to anyone. A statement that the sky is blue alone does not require a reference. Dissertation Quills. However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference.

If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to give the number of the page where you copy from. This is needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. See the separate section on quotes. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for air pollution, such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant?

The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002). You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the year of honors prospectus publication. In Malaysia Essay. Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date.

Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the year of the original publication, together with the paper proposal one of the in malaysia essay work you consulted. Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the essay used of in malaysia essay square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 [1774]). Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in proposal a single year, and you want to cite more than one of them. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay. The trick here is to essay questions add letters from the alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to. Use the letter a for the first of your references, the letter b for the second and so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works. To sum it up, inside the in malaysia essay text, you give the family name of the author, followed by the year of the publication. Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the references are correct. At the mla research paper end of your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of publication.

It’s this list that allows identifying the work cited. In Malaysia Essay. Each work you cited in the essay is cited once, and listed in alphabetical order. Note that a bibliography and list of references is not technically the honors thesis prospectus same. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay. A bibliography is a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. References are the molecular biology essay sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the in malaysia essay heading references for your references. For books, you put the molecular biology family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by the year of publication in brackets, the title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the in malaysia essay name of the publisher.

If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors’. Cheap Writing. If there is a subtitle to the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to use et al. after the first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by air pollution essay two publishers, and this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. The title is capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Cheap Quills. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger. Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand.

Hall, S. (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage. Halsey, A., Heath, A. Ridge, J. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in a book are cited separately, especially if the book is essay edited. You give the biology family name of the air pollution in malaysia essay author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the chapter in single speech marks (‘ and ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in christmas essay , and air pollution in malaysia the name and year of the editor(s). If you cite only one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to give the name and of chapter 1 thesis year of the editor. In this case, however, the book itself needs to be included in air pollution essay the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Basic Parts Of Chapter 1 Thesis. Massey, D. In Malaysia Essay. (eds) (1995). Hardin, R. Parts. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in Chapman, J. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. In Malaysia Essay. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in Blowers, A. Thesis Prospectus. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. An entry in a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book.

The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in Smelser, N. In Malaysia. Baltes, P. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in a way that is molecular essay quite similar to chapters in in malaysia essay a book. The main difference really is that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. The Heart Is A Hunter. The reference starts with the name and initial of the author, the year in brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the journal in italics (capitalized), and further details. The details of journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the air pollution volume number followed by the heart questions a colon and the page numbers of the article. If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in brackets before the colon, if known.

Online journals may not have page numbers. For example: Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and air pollution essay innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Molecular Biology. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and well-being’, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of air pollution in malaysia essay Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). Cheap Dissertation. Valente, T. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in air pollution essay the diffusion of molecular biology information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89. Pages on air pollution, the internet should be cited where used. You should bear in mind the parts of chapter quality of the site before citing from air pollution in malaysia essay it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays. The reference includes the name of the author and initial, the questions year in brackets, the title of the document in italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and the date when the document was accessed in brackets.

The date is essay important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an the heart is a lonely essay questions indication when the air pollution content was written. For example: Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to paper proposal journal articles in the way they are cited. The key difference is that rather than the volume, the date is given. The reference therefore includes the name and essay initial of the author, the year of publication in brackets, the honors thesis prospectus title in in malaysia essay single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and finally the page where the article was found.

For one page it’s customary to use the abbreviation p. , for hunter, articles running over two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is air pollution in malaysia common. For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3. Handouts from basic parts of chapter a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write. It’s normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to in the lecture. Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and air pollution essay journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the name and molecular biology essay initial of the lecturer, the year in bracket, the title of the in malaysia handout in single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the course in italics, the word at and the name of your institution, the writing place, and date of the lecture. For example: Burt, S. Air Pollution In Malaysia. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and administration’, lecture notes distributed in Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005.

Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of your essay, you should include such conversations. It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to a printed piece, but sometimes this is basic 1 thesis not an option. In terms of air pollution in malaysia essay giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the words conversation with the author and the date of the conversation. For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the mla research paper proposal author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Once again, bear in mind the credibility of your sources. With e-mail messages it’s customary to include the e-mail address of the sender in brackets after the name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author. The subject line of the e-mail is often included as the title. In Malaysia Essay. With all forms of personal conversation, the issue of consent is important.

It’s always a very good idea to check with the author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article. For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions. Cheap Quills. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. If everything else fails, remember the function of essay referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for others to chase the work. Common problems include the lack of dissertation authors, unpublished documents, or lack of essay publisher. Where there is honors prospectus no author, often there is an organization. Put the name of the organization.

If there is air pollution no-one, it’s customary to put the word “Anon” instead of the author’s name. For example: IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006]. Mla Research. UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the year of air pollution in malaysia essay a document is not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the biology date, such as in (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year. Air Pollution. Documents that are unpublished as such, for cheap dissertation quills, example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published.

This is easily done by in malaysia essay including the word unpublished in shopping brackets at the end of the reference. With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. For theses it’s common to include the kind of thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is air pollution in malaysia unknown a very simple solution is used: leave the information blank. This is particularly an molecular issue with internet sites. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to guess the name of the publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to air pollution in malaysia the lecture handouts. Give the name of the author, the year in paper proposal brackets, the course code if there is one, the air pollution essay course title in italics (capitalized), the kind of material and its title in single speech marks, place of publication, and publisher.

For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is shopping capitalized. In the case of a book, the main title is that of the book. In the case of journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is thought to be that of the journal itself. It might be confusing that within the in malaysia journal, the title of an mla research paper article often is capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to achieve. Put in air pollution in malaysia essay capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and adjectives.

This is in fact almost everything. Not put in capital letters are words like and , in , or , or with . Dissertation. Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. This is common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. It’s perfectly fine to change them in your essay itself, but not in the references. A good manual of style, such as the in malaysia essay Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and biology it’s advisable to follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received.

You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in air pollution essay this book at the end. It’s difficult to write about the heart is a hunter essay questions referencing without mentioning plagiarism. Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of somebody else and present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on in malaysia, the line. The origin of the word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of lonely you when you plagiarize. The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005).

There are a number of reasons why plagiarism occurs. The worst case is deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is mla research paper proposal not commonly considered as severe an offence as the deliberate case. Careless work is often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by including references to where you got the air pollution essay ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could. Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the writing quills internet, but is air pollution in malaysia essay it really worth it? Bear in mind that there is something in for you, too—that is something in addition to mla research paper proposal the grades.

The more you write, the easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is in malaysia a simple solution: don’t write the essay with the books in front of you. By so doing, there is very little danger that you copy word by paper word. In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades. Rather than having the air pollution in malaysia original works in front of you, try using your notes. As you still will need to hunter essay questions put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to put a proper reference. Air Pollution Essay. Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. When checking the essay, it’s hard not to essay notice the triple X; and there is always the in malaysia search facility in the word processor.

By putting a place holder, I can get on with the job of writing without interrupting my thoughts. Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to christmas myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is hard to detect by your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on the internet, it’s equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay. It would, of paper course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to the extent that the deed is in malaysia no longer easy to spot. Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the prospectus essay yourself.

Just to give you an idea, the essay markers of your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. There is software to scan essays for thesis, duplicates; and many institutes even have access to essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). The most successful tool, however, is air pollution in malaysia essay probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember. If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. If you copy from a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too.

Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to other works a great deal, or don’t refer to proposal some of the air pollution in malaysia essay core reading. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether you’re likely to have read a great number of papers on the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is set in biology the question. An even easier sign is having the same paragraph twice in the same essay, for example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting. Many people are unaware of how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is. They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001).

Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of words, the kinds of air pollution essay metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over punctuation, the length of sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of where to break paragraphs, spaces in between lines, and honors thesis prospectus things like proper m- and in malaysia n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is often an easy sign: for example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the christmas shopping citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the internet will very unlikely link well with the rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set.

In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is done by writing freely without having the books right in front of essay you. Instead, work with your notes, and take care to put references where you use the biology essay ideas from others. Don’t use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it. There is an essay important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Knowing your citations from your quotations is useful when writing essays. It’s essential, in cheap writing fact, if you want to reference properly. Citations are about ideas you take from others. Quotations are about the exact words used by others.

This is really the air pollution whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of someone else, you quote. “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by the absence of a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only use the molecular idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for air pollution essay, a quotation we always put a page number. This is done to enable the reader to thesis check the words in the original context. In the list of references at the end of the text, there is no difference. Short quotations are included in the text, and enclosed by air pollution in malaysia essay speech marks. Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by christmas shopping essay indenting the quotations, and usually putting in a slightly smaller font. Longer means about air pollution in malaysia essay 3 to 4 lines or more. For example: It is true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions.

They may attach greater importance to essay some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the words exactly. Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in in malaysia order to make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and cite the work instead. If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the text. Christmas Essay. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. I have included the words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the air pollution in malaysia essay same. This indicates to my readers that the words in the heart is a lonely hunter square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87).

I made the changes, because I wrote about in malaysia essay intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on them too much. Your own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose. The consequence is biology essay that the quotations may be relevant in content (what is being said), but in essay terms of mla research proposal style don’t fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on essay, quotations, you run the the heart is a hunter questions risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough.

When writing an essay, particularly when writing an air pollution extended essay, it’s easiest to put the references whilst you write. This is the case, because you still know where you got the idea from. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is christmas needed if I can’t remember the in malaysia essay author right away. Often, I will know at least some of it, and write this down. By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the writing. However, I also indicate that the essay is basic parts of chapter not completed.

Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section. References are needed whenever you write an academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out how to reference a chapter in in malaysia essay a book. There are a number of molecular biology essay software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and air pollution automate much of the referencing process. They manage citations, and usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. It’s thus a good idea to familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is menacing. For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in basic a separate file.

So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to air pollution essay a separate file. The next time you cite the dissertation quills same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and pasting, without the work of formatting the reference. Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.

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Causes and effects of air pollution essay - APAS

child adoption essay Many people are affected by adoption. In Malaysia. Many people have either given a child up for adoption, know someone who was adopted, or is honors prospectus, adopted themselves. By having more people adopting, more people may realize the air pollution in malaysia effects that adoption has on others. Adoption is the chance to molecular, make one or more people's lives better, including the child's, any potential siblings, and air pollution essay the adoptive parents of the child in question.

Adoption in general should be considered a good thing, and has positive effects on both the christmas shopping essay adoptive parents and essay the adoptee(s). These positive effects are having a new family, as well as having another person to love. The family and child(ren) involved in an adoption have the chance to make a difference. Some reasons why adoption may not be considered a good thing is honors, that the parents my feel guilt towards the air pollution adoption, or the child may resent the adoptive parents. However, people do not seem to realize the reasons why a child may be put up for adoption. People seem to think that if a child or person was adopted, something was wrong with the person in question. Instead, the case usually is the fact that something happened to basic parts of chapter 1 thesis, the parents of the child in question. The parents might have passed away, or the parents may have not had the air pollution in malaysia means to give the correct care to the child.

The child might also have been taken away from their parents due to something that the thesis prospectus parents did, causing the couple to give an unfit home to the child, such as child abuse or other such violence. These are all reasons why a child may be put up for adoption. A popular form of having a child is adoption for many parents. Air Pollution In Malaysia. Adoption is the process of taking a child of other parents as a child of your own. Many people adopt children from overseas, from countries such as China, India, Korea, and various parts of Africa, as well as many other places. There are also many adoptions of kids who are native to christmas essay, America as well. There were about 120,000 adoptions in the United States in the 1990's. Adoption can have positive and negative effects on the children and their families.

However, adoptions tend to favor the air pollution in malaysia positive effects. Shopping. The positive effects are shown most often in transracial or international adoptions, or in special needs adoptions. The family gets a new person to in malaysia, love. The family also gets a chance to learn about biology essay, a new culture if the child is an international adoptee. In special needs adoptions, the family gets the chance to make a child's life better by providing better medical care. There are many reasons to adopt.

There were about one million children living with adoptive parents in the United States in 1992. That means that about two to four percent of families in the U.S. at that time had an adopted child. This just goes to prove that many people are adopting children, through various forms of adoption, such as international or stepparent adoptions. Adoptions can happen for many other reasons as well. There are many forms of air pollution in malaysia adoption. Some of the heart hunter essay these forms of air pollution adoption are better than others, and each one has its own individual benefits. One form of adoption is where a stepparent adopts their step-child, due to a divorce and mla research re-marriage. The adoptive parents are the people who lawfully adopt the child. Most are married couples, but single people are able to adopt. At least half of all the finalized adoptions that happen every year are this type of adoption.

According to Adamec and Pierce, The stepparent usually has had a closer and more parental relationship with the air pollution in malaysia essay kid(s), while the biological parent just does not have as close a relationship with the is a kid(s). In 1992, the amount of this type of adoption was forty-two percent of all adoptions. A type of in malaysia essay adoption that is similar to stepparent adoption is kinship adoption, which is when children are placed in a home with members of their extended family. This type of adoption is mla research paper, usually used to keep children with biological family until birthparents can care for the children in question themselves. Kinship care is a way that the child can have contact with their family, and keep them from the foster care system. The age of the in malaysia child in question also plays a part in mla research paper proposal, kinship care.

The age of the air pollution in malaysia child can decide which relative that the essay child will go to, whether it be an aunt, uncle, or grandmother. Air Pollution. An older child might go to a grandmother, while a younger child or infant might go to an aunt (Adamec and Pierce). Another form of adoption is single parent adoptions. Single parent adoptions are often compared to the heart hunter essay questions, being a single biological parent. Single adoptive parents seem to find that they are categorized with this group of parents, the biological single parent, who has poor economic status and are struggling. These are wrongful accusations. Air Pollution Essay. Society seems to think that if someone is thesis prospectus, a single parent, they have a bad social or economical standing. Single parent adoptions could either be by a male or a female, just like a single biological parent. Air Pollution. In fact, many of these adoptive parents have a good education, and have gotten college degrees, just like you might see in a single parent. These adoptive parents tend to mla research paper proposal, adopt in air pollution essay, their thirties or early forties, depending on their situation in life (Adamec and Peirce).

Just because it is one parent, it does not mean that the child will get less love, or less attention, than a child adopted by a couple. The next type of christmas adoption to essay, be discussed is proposal, public and private adoptions. Public adoptions are usually handled by the government, placing children in the public child welfare system with new homes. These children are normally older, and not infants. These adoptions were found to make up about fifteen and a half percent of all adoptions in 1992 . Plenty of people look at foster children as potential adoptive children, but the older a child gets, the less people see them as adoptable. These children range in age from air pollution in malaysia essay, elementary school to high school children.

That means that an essay adoptive parent could end up with an air pollution in malaysia elementary aged child, or the parent could decide to choose a teenager to adopt. The downside to adopting a teenager, however, is that the teenager would be so used to being alone that the child may not want to be adopted by then. Cheap Dissertation Quills. The upside, however, is that the teenager would now have a set of parents to call their own, and air pollution essay not have an writing quills issue with not having parents when it comes time to go to college or start work. Private adoptions, however, are handled by agencies. Private adoptions are also called independent adoptions. Air Pollution In Malaysia. This type of adoption is normally used for those who want to adopt an essay infant (Adamec and Pierce). These adoptions are handled by a specific group of people, such as clergymen, attorneys, medical doctors, or facilitators.

Facilitators can either be licensed or unlicensed. About thirty-seven and a half percent of all adoptions in 1992 were this type. The rate of adoption of infants and air pollution in malaysia essay toddlers is so much higher than others (excluding stepparent and biology kinship adoptions) because people seem to air pollution in malaysia essay, believe that these children will be easier to raise as their own from the heart, a young age, rather than as a teenager. This is in malaysia, not necessarily true. A teenager would know from the start that they were adopted, and shopping essay quite possibly would know of who their birth parents were. A child adopted from a private agency might not know anything, and could be quite upset when they learn of air pollution in malaysia essay their being adopted. Just because some people say that a child may be upset about learning they are adopted, it does not mean that it is paper proposal, true in all cases. Some children do not wish to know who their birth parents are, while some do wish to know. Families could have a transracial adoption.

Transracial adoptions are where parents of one race adopt a child of a different race. This happens mainly when a white couple adopts a black or biracial child (or children). In Malaysia Essay. These children grow up in an environment different from what they normally would have had they stayed with their biological parents, and are a minority in their family if the molecular biology adoptive parents are Caucasian. When a family is preparing for air pollution in malaysia essay, adopting an the heart lonely hunter essay African or biracial child, the family must realize that there are an increasing number of black and other minority children in the foster care system, causing some African Americans to be against transracial adoptions. However, the majority of the African-American population is not speaking out against this type of adoption (Adamec and Pierce). Air Pollution In Malaysia. It has been found that eight percent of all adoptions were transracial in 1992 . This type of cheap adoption may not be as popular as other types of adoption, but a good number of adoptive couples decide upon this route. International adoptions are similar to transracial adoptions.

In international adoptions, adoptive parents adopt a child from another country. These children are often considered orphaned or abandoned by their parents, and have been living in orphanages. The rate of this type of essay adoption increased dramatically during World War II and the Korean War, when U.S. soldiers realized what these children were going through because they were being orphaned by paper proposal these wars (Adamec and air pollution in malaysia Pierce). According to The Psychology of Adoption, Since World War II, adoption has been used as a way of dealing with the problems of deprived and displaced children from the heart is a questions, underdeveloped countries (93). In 1992, this type of adoption was found to be five percent of all adoptions in the United States. International adoptions seem to be more popular in the 2000s, than in the 1990s. International adoptions give families the chance to learn about a new culture, especially if the adoptive family decides that the child should know about air pollution in malaysia, his or her original culture, whether it be Chinese, African, or any culture in between. Parts Of Chapter. Now that the different forms of adoption have been introduced and discussed, the psychology of air pollution adoption may be discussed.

One transition that is considered important is the transition to being an adoptive parent. The adoptive parents must get used to the idea that they will be parents. They must also prepare to welcome the new child into their home, and be ready to make the parts of chapter child feel welcome. The child will most likely be timid and scared, not knowing what to think of his or her new family. One of the main motives behind parents adopting a child is in malaysia, selfishness. This so-called selfishness (wanting the children) is one of the most trustworthy reasons for a parent to want to adopt. As stated by Cherri Register in the book Are Those Kids Yours? , parents who adopt from other countries seldom do so primarily for altruistic reasons (24). That said, a person does not need a reason to adopt a child from a different country as opposed to adopting a child from the United States. People who adopt from overseas are complimented on their act, but the honors parents are blinded by the so-called selfishness that they feel for wanting the child. Although the cost of adopting a child can be fairly low, if one were to go to an international agency, the prospective parents might be required to go to the country they are adopting the child from and stay a week or longer (Adamec and Pierce).

The countries vary in their costs for adopting, and the cost of travel there. It is more costly if going overseas than if an adoptive couple were to go to somewhere on the same continent that they live on. There is air pollution in malaysia essay, also a chance that the child you are adopting has special needs. Many experts believe that special needs children from other countries have psychological or developmental issues. This same exact thing could be said about children in the foster care system of the United States (Adamec and Pierce). However, up until the 1990s, special needs children were not included in the adoption process. These children were considered unadoptable, due to their mental or physical needs. This is a more recent inclusion of special needs children (previously considered 'unadoptable') into the pool of adoptees. Parts Of Chapter 1 Thesis. There are different special needs that a child can have such as emotional disorders or intellectual needs. In Malaysia. Research has discovered that some adopted children score higher on christmas shopping an IQ test than a non-adopted child (Adamec and Pierce).

Special needs children also encounter a lower adoption rate than children with no special needs . However, with loving people to take them in there is no need for essay, the child(ren) to still be in an orphanage or foster home. Special needs children are just as deserving of a family as any other child. Now, that is not to say that any child is undeserving of a family. One negative thing about lonely hunter, adoption is the kidnapping guilt that some adoptive parents have. Essay. These parents have guilt because of the thought of having stolen away the adopted child from the rightful biological parents, even though the process was completely legal in every way. There are instances of this happening, where the adoptive parents re-think the choice of adoption because of the the heart hunter questions idea of kidnapping. When this happens, generally counseling is involved in the process, to try and in malaysia figure out why the adoptive parents are having those thoughts. Usually, it is resolved within due time. Adoption is a good thing.

There are several different ways to adopt a child, and many different reasons why a person may adopt a child, as well as reasons why a child may be up for adoption. Stepparent adoptions are where the stepparent of the child in the heart is a lonely questions, question adopts the child, to become more of in malaysia essay a family. In this the stepparent is usually closer to molecular, the child than the biological parent. Kinship adoptions are very similar to air pollution in malaysia essay, stepparent adoptions, as the child in question ends up with family members to care for them, and the child gets to continue contact with family members. Single parent adoptions are often compared to a single biological parent, while usually the comparison is false due to the various reasons listed earlier. Children who are in is a lonely hunter essay questions, the foster care system undergo public adoptions that are taken care of by the government. These are usually the older children, up to in malaysia essay, the teenage years. Private adoptions deal with infants and those who want to adopt infants. These adoptions are taken care of by essay agencies. Air Pollution In Malaysia Essay. International adoptions are when a couple from one country will adopt a child from the heart hunter essay questions, another country.

The countries that couples adopt from are varied. Transracial adoption is when a white couple will adopt a child that is either biracial or African. All of these types of adoptions have their benefits and drawbacks, but in essay, the end, adoption is the right thing to do, because the adoptive couple is giving a child a new life, whether it is the same kind of life that the child would have originally had, or better. All of the heart is a lonely hunter essay questions these types of adoption are important in their own way, and should not be undervalued. A child needs to have a loving environment to grow up, and air pollution in malaysia children deserve a good home.

If a child is left in an orphanage or the foster care system, the child(ren) may not grow up well. Adoption should be given more thought in today's world.