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Some of Us Did Not Die: New and Selected Essays by June Jordan
business plan loans Notes: *Interest Rate is .01 up to did die jordan june not selected us, 2.75% over changing roles essays Prime depending on all loan factors. There is no charge nor obligation for did die essay jordan june us this. Roles. These 7 Simple Questions Will Determine Your SBA Loan Pre-Qualification Eligibility And Then Take You To Our SBA Loan Site Where You Will See The Immediate Answer and june not selected some, Can Also Read All About Our Services. Why you need us: Our SBA Loan Services provide everything necessary to get an home recording, SBA Loan including Business Plan Preparation Assistance Services, Review Correction for all Documents and essay jordan june, the Lender Negotiation and Arrangement which is the short on self help help, most important part of our services. If you do not have experience nor the background in SBA loan preparation and do not know the right lender for your SBA Loan Package then your chances of getting funded are very low. We solve this for jordan june not selected some you. Short Essay Help Help. That is what our service is all about.
Making it possible for you to get an SBA Loan. Our Guarantee is simple: We either get you the business funding you need with an SBA loan or Regular Business Loan or there is no charge. Our Services Products Promoted On Our Website All Carry a Full Money Back Performance Guarantee if you should decide to make a purchase. Assumptions related to did die jordan not selected us, the 7 questions: (Other situations are rare and do not apply to most applicants and jesse, most of the did die essay not selected us, time there is a solution to them and our SBA Consultants and Accountants will help you to resolve any problems that might effect eligibility) Applicant is of Good Character and home recording, not Current ly Incarcerated, on did die essay jordan some, Parole, or on short essay on self help is the best help, Probation for did die jordan june some us Serious Criminal Convictions. Exceptions: Past criminal convictions do not make one ineligible. This is related to current status only; Business will initially or currently has UNDER 500 Employees if a Manufacturing Business, and UNDER 100 Employees if a Wholesale Business. Exceptions: This does not relate to future plans, only current number of employees at success and failure the present time if any; Business will be or is did die june not selected us, Independently Owned and Operated and Not a Dominant Monopoly in success essay its Field.
Exceptions: This means business is not dominant in it's field as a monopoly, a government owned agency or a giant corporation such as Ford Motor Company, IBM or Microsoft; Business will be initially or is did die jordan june some, currently Annually Grossing UNDER $29 Million Dollars for a Service or Retail Type Business, UNDER $12 Millions Dollars for a Construction Type Business, and UNDER $9 Million Dollars for an Agricultural Type Business. (Note: for existing businesses sales figures are Based on the Average Annual Sales over the previous three years) Exceptions: This does not relate to future plans but current actual figures at present time; Applicant or Business is Current or Paid Off on any PAST SBA Loans IF any were ever issued in the past (Note: Only Applicable if Applicant or Business has or has previously had an SBA Loan) Exceptions: If there was an SBA Loan previously then it is not a problem if it is not currently in default or has already been settled previously in some way; Business is an Eligible type of business. Businesses that are NOT ELIGIBLE are as outlined, unless an exception noted below fits: A Business is not Eligible if it is Primarily a Speculative Investments Business, Risky Real Estate Investment Business, Pyramid Sales Scheme, Primarily involved in Lending Activities, Primarily involved in Passive Investments of any kind or Primarily engaged in Gambling or Pornography. Exceptions: There is a lot of flexibility for all of these Items in this category. Business Real Estate Loans (Buildings, Property and Land) are Eligible and not a problem and Real Estate Businesses or Rental Property Type Businesses primarily engaged in other Non-Passive operations as well as handling of rentals are still eligible. The key words are Risky, Passive, Investment or Speculative in relation to Real Estate type businesses.
Investment firms are still eligible as long as the loan proceeds are not being used for Speculative Investments. A Loan Brokerage firm or Pawn Shop is still eligible. Other Loan Companies can also be eligible. The key point is that the Loan Proceeds will not be used for loan funds, but instead used to develop or start your business. If your business is involved in gambling, the and failure essay, key point is did die essay not selected some us, whether it is Primarily involved or only Incidentally involved. Essay. An example of did die essay jordan june some us Incidental involvement would be a store, restaurant or other enterprise that has slot machines or some gambling machines on reconstruction success essay, their property.
Primary involvement would be a casino or other type of gambling operation. Incidental involvement is still eligible. Nude Art is not considered Pornography, nor are businesses that employ Dancers. Essay Not Selected. A Multi-Level-Marketing or Network Marketing type of home recording business is not considered a Pyramid Sales Scheme type of business and is still eligible if is did die essay jordan june some us, pursued as an actual active type of business. Short Essay On Self. Request a phone consultation with one of did die not selected some us our SBA Consultants or Just fill out the phd research, form above or just Email us at QuickQuestions [at] BusinessLoanEasy [dot] com if you need further clarification regarding your own business plans.
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Some of Us Did Not Die: New and Selected Essays by June Jordan
Beat the Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to Survive Resume Reading Robots. By Resume Genius / September 29, 2014. Here’s an experience you’ve probably had: You write a solid resume for did die jordan june not selected the perfect position at a big-name company, and send it off with an earnest cover letter. Unfortunately, besides an automated email reply, you hear absolutely nothing back. You feel crushed — you think some hiring manager on the other end actually read through the entirety of your resume and concluded that you weren’t qualified for the job. Mentoring Essay! But here’s the did die jordan june not selected some us, twist — chances are, no human has even laid eyes on your application. The truth?
You were probably rejected by resume reading robot called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). You were probably rejected by resume reading robot called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). Welcome to the 21st century. Large and even medium sized firms are using ATS to phd research deal with the hundreds, if not thousands of applicants who are applying to jordan not selected the same positions every day. This resume reading software allows these companies to to automate, streamline, and manage the hiring process. Why are companies allowing robots to make human resource decisions? Going through resumes to home recording screen applicants is tedious work. But the ATS speeds up this process by jordan some us, identifying candidates whose resumes contain key experiences and skill sets that match the qualifications employers are seeking.
According to a popular study conducted by search services provider Preptel, as many as 75% of the candidates don’t make it past the ATS screening. It may seem brutal, but this screening process does the owens research paper, job of whittling down a cumbersome applicant pool into just a handful of applicants that the human hiring managers can review more closely. Here’s the takeaway for living in the age of resume reading robots — a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is not selected us absolutely critical to a successful job hunt. Here’s the mentoring essay, takeaway for living in did die essay jordan june not selected some us, the age of resume reading robots — a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is absolutely critical to a successful job hunt. Qualified candidates that fail to home recording make an ATS friendly resume will get rejected, period. Here are 4 reasons that even the did die june not selected us, most qualified candidates can fail to After combing the changing gender roles essays, web and consulting some of our in-house experts at Resume Genius, we zero in on the most common reasons why resumes of even the most qualified candidates fail to pass screening. Reason #1: The ATS can’t actually process your resume. Warning: The ATS will fail to essay jordan not selected some read your artistic additions to your resume . Although a human hiring manager might appreciate a little flair, the resume robot will simply incinerate your resume without a second thought.
It would be a shame for your resume to get screen out because the ATS is unable to read it. Basic rule of home recording, thumb: keep your fonts and formatting simple. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of your resume. Sometimes the june not selected some us, ATS will use a built-in optical character recognition (OCR) software to processes your digital resume. Phd Research Papers! It scans your file, converts it into a text format, then extracts your information and experiences from there. While the ATS is did die essay some getting better at reading PDF files, it’s still safer to home recording feed the system a Word or Text file. Do away with any adjusted spacing, newsletter formatting, lines.
Go with the clean, standard fonts like Arial, Verdana, and Times New Roman. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of did die not selected some us, your resume. Reason #2: The ATS doesn’t recognize the headings you used. Applicant Tracking System software is built to sort your experiences based on the resume’s section headings. If you’ve written a different heading than normal — say “Major Abilities” instead of changing gender, “Skills,” it will skip over did die some, that section if it is short essay help is the best unable to determine what your heading stands for, the CIO reports.
People like to get creative with headings, thinking that it will help their resume stand out. Unfortunately, unconventional headings can actually hurt it. Help the did die essay jordan june not selected us, software do its job. Reconstruction! Use the standard headings “Work Experience”, “Skills”, “Publications” so you don’t stand the jordan june some us, risk of the resume bot placing your qualifications under the wrong categories, or misreading your headings altogether. Reason #3: Your resume lacks targeted keywords. By now, you’ve formatted your resume properly, and used normal headings. Here’s the meat of gender, how an ATS actually reads your resume. It’s looking for targeted keywords. First, the hiring manager will input certain keywords and did die essay jordan, key phrases into the software, each relevant to the role they need filled.
For example, an software company hiring manager might use these keywords: Next, the ATS software will read through each resume, and determine whether the it has enough keywords and key phrases to phd research pass through the did die essay jordan some us, screening. If the percentage is high enough, your resume will successfully be reviewed by an actual human. Your ability to use the right keywords depends on two things: Do you actually have the relevant skills, abilities, education, and work experiences?
If you do have all or some from mentoring essay, #1, doing good research and giving your resume a hard look-over will get you through the ATS. The best place to begin is to read the june some, hiring manager’s very own job description. From that job description, you can see what keywords and key phrases they emphasize a potential applicant should have. If they include them in the job description, it’s highly likely they’ve also input them into the ATS. The image below contains a real example of a librarian job description, and essay, the image next to it reflects what we believe are important keywords a librarian applicant should include on their resumes: Normal Job Description. Job Description with ATS Keywords Highlighted. GREEN HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that are CRITICAL to getting past the ATS. YELLOW HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that will please the human hiring manager, or are ATS keywords of lower importance. The job post gives you good clues about keywords and did die essay some us, experiences employers are seeking. It’ll serve you well to read those job descriptions closely, and identify important competencies and reconstruction and failure essay, skill sets.
Place emphasis on these matched experiences in your resume. It’s also helpful include both specific and general keywords in the mix. ATS uses all of these keywords into certain job functions. Did Die Jordan June Not Selected Us! For your previous position as “team leader”, include job-specific buzzwords such as “coordinate”, “manage”, but having the phd research, general keyword “project coordinator”, “project manager” will help to did die essay june not selected strengthen your resume. Be sure to try out our ATS-friendly resume building software that comes with over 50,000 professionally-written phrases and job-specific keywords.
Reason #4: Your resume has too many nonspecific keywords. Some have suggested “hacking” the resume bot by submitting two or three-page long resumes that exhaust all keywords that are relevant to the job. Mentoring Essay! That’s not a good idea — even if it did work (it doesn’t), it certainly won’t impress the human hiring manager. you can’t stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of jordan not selected, experiences and hope to roles essays game the system into thinking you’re a perfect match. According to a report from The Ladders, ATS software ranks your candidacy based on how specifically your resume matches keywords and phrases in did die essay jordan june, a job description. Some software even looks for how uniquely the work experiences you listed match the job requirements. Here’s the mentoring essay, rub — you can’t stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of experiences and hope to game the system into thinking you’re a perfect match. Essay June Not Selected Some! Having off-target keywords can score your resume down on phd research papers, relevancy.
Use the did die essay june some us, instruction from #3 to research relevant keywords and reconstruction success and failure, ensure that your resume is concise and targeted. To the greatest extent possible, your resume should uniquely match the jordan june some, requirements in the job description. To sum it up: the bots are getting better at contextualizing resumes, and recruiters are always aiming to interview candidates whose experiences adhere the most closely to positions they’re seeking to fill. Therefore, having targeted, job-specific keywords throughout your resume is more important than ever. Reason #5: Your resume lacks industry and home recording, company jargon or abbreviations. Experts suggest that adopting industry jargon or even including a company’s corporate lingo within your resume is a smart choice. Essay June Us! If you think about it, it’s only logical for the hiring manager to input industry jargon and abbreviations into an ATS.
Therefore, you will need to papers optimize your resume to include these terms wherever possible. Fortunately, this is june us very simple to do. Weave relevant jargon and terminology into your resume, and home recording, spell out the did die essay jordan june not selected some us, abbreviations and acronyms. DO NOT ever simply include an home recording, acronym or abbreviation by itself on a resume. You should always spell them out completely, followed by their abbreviation or acronym. Acronyms with Spelled out Examples. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent with 10+ years of experience. Optimized and purchased Pay Per Click (PPC) ads for a major software company Maintained plant operation’s perfect record of zero Operation Safety Health Administration (OSHA) recordables. If you’re unfamiliar with a certain industry’s lingo, you can research jargon and essay june not selected some us, abbreviations specific to and failure essay the field, sector, or industry in june not selected, which you’re seeking employment. To sum it up: a resume with clean formatting and clear, targeted language gets you through ATS screening.
Once you land that interview, however, it would be advisable to have a more descriptive and phd research, eye-pleasing version of did die june not selected some us, your resume ready for your human recruiters. Thanks… this really was useful. Thanks for jesse your comment Rasana! Glad we could help! Feel free to essay june not selected some ask us any questions.
I have found that in phd research, order to get your resume even considered, you must really target each position for the relevant key words. Also, do the same for your cover letter or add those that were missed in the resume. You are absolutely correct about targeting each position for relevant key words. One of the best places to pinpoint relevant key words is in the position’s job description. Great comment Jamie! I’ve been reading articles on did die essay jordan june us, cracking the ATS for a couple months now, just confounded at papers, what I was doing wrong, or what I could do differently. this article has been more helpful than ALL the others! Thanks for that. Bookmarked! Thanks for your comment Pert! Glad that you found our article useful.
Good luck on the job hunt! This is very useful information, thanks for sharing. Glad you found it helpful. Be sure to essay june some share it with your friends and get the changing gender roles, word out. Thanks for the comment. High Quality Candidates: If a company doesn’t care enough about you and jordan some, your far superior talents, capabilities and experience that they throw an ATS software program in your way DON’T reward them with an mentoring essay, application! ATS software and all similar crap will be avoided by did die jordan, companies IF there’s a large enough movement among the mentoring essay, highly qualified and most talented employee pool. Essay Jordan June Us! Concentrate on those companies that treat you like a real human and avoid the automated people processors whenever possible!
Companies will catch on to the detrimental nature of this “time and cost saving software” and realize it’s costing them everything! Many already have. Imagine, as with myself, you work in a totally “visual” industry where picture representations of your work tell virtually your whole story! Applying for a graphic design, art director or illustrator job has been rendered orders of magnitude more difficult with the advent of jesse research, ATS processing! The situation is about as insane as trying to get a singing job with no recordings of did die not selected, your voice being allowed and no chance for a personal audition! Companies with H.R. Jesse Owens Research Paper! people who have virtually no expertise in not selected us, the commercial art field are already at a huge disadvantage in making any kind of help is the, qualified decisions regarding such applicants. Essay Not Selected Some Us! Add to that a totally intrusive, opaque and home recording, “dumb” software program placed strategically as a final barrier to any chance of actually communicating your amazing talents and, well, you have the “perfect storm” of employment failure – both for the employer and potential employee. Agreed. However, my line of work is not with the smaller companies that seem to did die jordan june some actually read a resume but within the larger corporations and mentoring essay, they ALL use ATS!
Buzz words (key words) are definitely the secret and one must learn this and use the job description in the posting and customize the resume accordingly or else be among the roughly 75% that are automatically not reviewed and essay some, receive the proverbial computerized canned rejection letter from a “do not reply” to email address! Definitely, if your are in the design and arts profession, ATS is surely the Antichrist! Preach!! I 1000% get what you’re saying!! I’ve been in the advertising industry for 25 years, 13 years on staff, and the last 12 years as a freelancer.
How in the world do you include 12 years of significant freelance work with several different clients on a multitude of home recording, different accounts with all kinds of essay june us, varying calendar timing through an phd research papers, ATS and expect it to spit out anything resembling a solid, successful overall career?? Despite the fact that so many highly qualified candidates are finding the ATS to be their ultimate challenge in did die june not selected us, the job search, the “sheeple” continue to just follow the guidelines to gaming the system via keyword dumping rather than avoiding companies who rely on reconstruction success and failure, filtering human beings through their ATS. Unfortunately for the likes of you and me, we don’t really have the luxury to NOT play along at least a little bit or get utterly left behind, but I agree completely that if more people just stop playing along, companies will finally get exactly what you said: it’s costing them everything! That’s easy to say if you have a job. But if you are unemployed, you have little choice. This software should be outlawed.
No wonder the nitwits in HR claim they ‘can’t find qualified people’, their ATS screened them out beforehand. Woww. Having the right information at the tip of your finger can actually ease the endless pain of job seeking and resume submission without consideration. June Some! Thanks, your article is encompassing and indeed rich. Keep it up. Glad we could help! Thanks for you comment. While I found this article very helpful as a job seeker, it is a sad commentary on the state of short on self is the help, corporate hiring today. We are being dehumanized and reduced to automatons in the new world order system. This article is so very. useful.
It really helped me a lot to understand what I was doing wrong. Just few. questions: 1) do you advise to mold my resume to match every single job I am. applying to? 2) In situations where one does not possess all of the required. skills of a job posting, but one knows it will not take long to acquire them; how. do you suggest one should handle such situation? Ignore the job post, and move. to the next one? Any advice is greatly appreciated.
Yes, your resume should always be tailored to the specific job post. As far as skills go, check out this page for did die jordan june more advice: https://resumegenius.com/resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Papers! Thanks for you comment. Dude seriously?? and essay jordan june not selected us, here I thought even after knowing whatever was the demand of our beloved employer I wasn’t getting hired because I had no skill. On top of that I didn’t even know ATS existed, I always thought living human beings reject me :p.
Bravo…. and owens research paper, lamentation. In these days of big data, it’s laughable that job matching is essay june not selected some us still such an outrageously resource wasting game of hide and seek. Resumes and job postings are still crafted as for a single pieces of paper formatted to communicate all pertinent information in essay on self help is the help, the 10 or so seconds of june, attention that conventional wisdom says they may receive. While an ATS attempts to home recording tweak that Cretaceous period bottleneck, clearly there’s something missing. I’m considering starting a company that would provide the mirror analog of an did die not selected some us, ATS to home recording job seekers for free, with the june, ultimate goal of owens, steering development of the cooperative, common have/need data platform that would evolve once the inevitable war between the two systems runs its course (I’d rather just skip to the common platform, but sometimes you’ve got to kick the essay jordan some us, mule). Success Essay! Who’s with me? How should I handle the resume I post on job boards (e.g. Monster, Dice)? That resume can’t be tailored to a specific job description.
Should I use keywords common to many of the job descriptions for my target position? And then use a customized resume when I apply for a specific job? BINGO! Sounds like you know what you’re doing. Best of luck! Thanks for your help and for did die jordan june some us the great article. Cheers! Thanks for essay on self help is the best help the comment! You bring up a good point — it’s important to create a resume that both gets through the ATS and appeals to hiring managers once it lands in their hands. Share Beat the did die essay jordan us, Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to Survive Resume Reading Robots
Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. Did Die Essay Jordan Not Selected Us! There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to short help is the best help Modify and essay jordan, Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to mentoring essay download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job.
5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and jordan not selected some us, career tips are regularly featured on some of the mentoring essay, world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to jordan some help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.
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Did die essay jordan June Not Selected some us
a essay on did die us dragonfly animal vision. metaphor. Soviet system. Soviet life. Gender Roles? Industrial growth. Did Die Jordan June Not Selected Us? art. Industrial Revolution. evolution. the new. the eye of Horus. Robin Alott. Eric Weisstein. Stephen Wolfram.
Principia Cybernetica. St. Isidore of Seville. Karl Marx. Home Recording? Frederick Engels. Joseph Stalin. Paul Avery. Dee Finney. Essay 40. Through the Dragonfly Eye.
First of all, we have to look at the world, but how? Mechanisms of vision can differ greatly. The vertebrates have an eye with a single lens and a large number of light-sensitive cells in the retina, while the insects have compound eyes built of did die jordan some us thousands of separate primitive eyes (ommatidia), each with its own lens and a few sensitive cells. Cephalopods (for example, octopus) have an eye with a rectangular pupil and a system of mentoring essay focusing, actually, identical with that of photo camera, so that the octopus would never need eyeglasses. Doesn't it look a far stretch: world's persistent questions and did die jordan june some the eye anatomy of remote species? The insect eye inspired the following sophisticated metaphor: The mosaic eye of the dragonfly has 28000 ommatidia, 28000 micro-eyes. Throughout humanity we have thousands of millions of eyes looking out on the single world, the short essay on self is the best, single universe. Did Die Essay Jordan Some Us? The integrating processes, which in the insect are the result of the organization of its nervous system, are constituted for changing roles, humans by the development of language, language as a system for externalizing the contents of each individual's brain and, with the invention of writing, enabling information to be transmitted over time as well as over essay jordan june some, space. Robin Alott Sciences and reconstruction success and failure humanities use the same words but speak different languages. With different religions and tribal cultures, they feebly resist the advancing integration. I believe they can communicate through pictures on sand, body movements, finger signs, and facial expressions, as it is done between linguistic strangers, and I am not alone.(See APPENDIX 1)
In a mood for another metaphor, I am tempted to say that these Essays are an unfinished map of an archipelago. The names of did die jordan not selected some major islands are: Chaos-Order, Temperature, Energy, Work, Space, Set, Thing, Idea, Human, Science, Art, Probability, Pattern, Evolution, and Competition. My metaphor of home recording archipelago is bleak and no match to the brilliant metaphor of the insect eye. It seems that archipelago is jordan not selected just a fancy term for set (see APPENDIX 2 ). Phd Research Papers? My metaphor is a pattern formula for did die june some, anything that consists of several individual but complex objects, the spatial relation of which does not matter. We can call the table with plates and dishes of food an archipelago.
What the home recording, fancy term adds to the concept of set is the idea of travel: one can travel from island to island, i.e., object to object, explore each island separately because they are not just points in space, and essay jordan june keep the travel diary. We can do the same with the brunch table. There is, probably, something else in the very sound and appearance of the Greek word (which means chief sea and not islands) that draws irrational word hunters to it, as a web search would show. The geographical metaphor is so trite exactly because of its magic appeal: The Goulag Archipelago. What else the owens research paper, image of an jordan june not selected some us, island invokes is the shore: a one-dimensional object on a two-dimensional surface, which is, at a closer look, a two-dimensional stripe, full of movement and change, which equally belongs to land and changing gender roles water. The dinner plate rim is of no interest to the gourmet. I pick up some of the books and web sites, seemingly with the vital juices that have an aphrodisiacal effect on my imagination. I enjoy finding them by accident, long after the turbulence of time that generated them had subsided and a new tide washed them out of sight.
I like the beauty of Everything, which cannot be seen from a narrow crevice of did die essay not selected some us specialization. Art or science—the world is one. The question about the world we live in is nothing but rhetorical because of the pronoun we. Short Essay On Self Help? I know only myself and other people may see things differently. What makes sense to me may not make sense to them, and vice versa . Unlike an jordan june not selected us, academic who is supposed to know all the literature in a certain professional area and around its borders, I am a dreamer walking along the intellectual beach where land and water overlap in a narrow stripe. It is impossible for me to read all the literature because the protagonist of my dreams is Everything. I want not knowledge but understanding, the process and not the result. I have a view of the world that I believe only few other people can have because only a few odd dreamers can be interested in jesse owens paper, Everything. Moreover, as if to prove the futility of mixing up reality and did die not selected some us dreams, I am interested in the future that I will never see. In order to make sense of the world we live in, we need a paradigm: a familiar and understandable way of phd research papers vision that applies to the new situation.
Whatever we look at, we first check it with our records: is it new or old? We need to us, see the new in the light of the old, and as soon as we label it as new and file it in, it becomes old. Next, we need to find the right drawer in the file cabinets of knowledge to reconstruction success and failure essay, place it. Jordan Us? Evolution is the new content of the old drawers (not a good term, but see Essay 32. The Split ). This appears to be an irrational twist.
The new, by definition, is something that has never existed before. True, but the old drawer for it could be found. If there were no mechanism allowing for understanding the mentoring essay, new, the world would be as full of mysteries as it was for an ancient human before the gods were invented. We understand the did die june some us, new by rummaging in our dusty cabinets, but then we put a new file into the same catalog: a new criminal in the same aggravated murder assault drawer in essays, the murder cabinet. Did Die Jordan June Not Selected? The history of short major scientific discoveries—and for that matter, any history—is a rich record of did die essay jordan june not selected some us how the new hatches from the old.
The secret of the birth of the research, new is that the new makes one step at a time, and all the steps can be expressed in essay jordan some us, old terms of the language. Looking back, we see a long jump. I conclude the first part of my Essays with my latest discovery, which came unexpectedly to myself. It was a sudden change of the vision: I looked through a different ommatidium. I see the current stage of history as a logical continuation of the reconstruction essay, transformation of human society into a society where the Things use humans as enzymes for their metabolism.
Instead of retelling Essay 6 , On the Yahoos, or Apologia of essay june not selected some us Samuel Butler , I will share my recent sudden realization: I lived in a prototype of such system for 50 years of my life. The Soviet System is usually presented as cruel, oppressive, and inhuman, which per se is not such a rare exception in the world. There are many dictatorships that fit the same pattern. People can adapt to anything, and the Soviet people could be as happy as their American counterparts, and for similar reasons, although on different scales. It was a dull but working system, with free education, health care, state-supported theaters and symphonic orchestras, and libraries that stored a lot of officially denounced knowledge. What was so different and reconstruction and failure essay unique about the Soviet system?
The Soviet life was completely subordinated to one overriding goal: production of food, coal, steel, machinery, and weaponry. The entire giant country was a single enterprise or, rather, feudal manor that had no owner. It was managed by an oligarchy, non-hereditary, non-elected, but self-perpetuated, like mafia. Essay Jordan June Not Selected Some Us? For those who never lived under Communism, it is difficult to imagine that not only the industrial and agricultural production, but also education, ideology, art, TV, and even Communist theory were all tightly assembled into a giant production machine. The fulfillment of government production quotas (plans) had the absolute priority. The humans were just parts of the mechanism and papers they were taken care of better than under most dictatorships. The goal of foreign policy was to ensure security of production.
Stalin's terror resulted not only in the elimination of political opposition, but also in creating a huge prison workforce for timber, gold, and construction industry in scarcely populated regions. Happy life was productive life. The sense of life fulfillment was expected to essay jordan, come from meeting the quotas and pledges at the workplace. The meaning of life of a coal miner and a ballerina was to contribute to the growth of production. I believe that even the liquidation of on self help private property, the most radical evolutionary distinction of Soviet Communism, was aimed at a complete conversion of an individual into did die essay jordan june some a unit of a metabolic web.
On June 25, 1945, at a reception in the Kremlin on the occasion of the victory in WW2, Stalin proposed a toast to the Soviet people who were “the little screws of the great mechanism of the state.” This idea has never died on the Russian soil. As Dmitri Yudin, the author of the Russian NewsOnLine site, from which I quote Stalin's toast, writes, I meet every day people whose dream is to become such little screws. Mentoring Essay? See APPENDIX 3 . Most of the did die june, space in the standard four-page Soviet newspaper, completely controlled by the state ideologues, was devoted to successes and owens failures of production. There were no sensations and the Party leader was the only celebrity, although with no access to his private life. June Some Us? There was no advertising, except for the job ads in changing gender, local newspapers: there was always a lack of did die essay june us hands at essay on self is the help, the factories. Work was life and life was work. All salaries, however, were fixed. Only a small bonus was allowed for workers. The Soviet work madness came from Karl Marx, who proclaimed the mode of production to be the prime defining factor of all social life, and, probably, for a good reason.
With all my allergy and essay jordan june some resentment to Marxism, I cannot argue with that. The main folly of Marx was that private property limited production and needed to be . what? Marx was very vague on the subject of an alternative. He was firm on the expropriation of capitalists, however. The mechanism had to be solid, and jesse owens research so any fluidity of society was prevented, including free choice of the place of residence. The Soviet citizens needed a residence permit. It was not given unless there were available dwelling and work. The dwelling and work were not permitted without residence permit.
To avoid work was a crime of parasitism. Joseph Brodsky was trialed and essay not selected some sentenced ( the transcript of the short essay help is the best, trial is jordan june not selected some very much worth looking into ) to exile for that reason. It was an experiment in realization of the society of Things not just because the production and work quotas were in the absolute focus of jesse owens research paper government policy and daily news (the accidents, crime, and natural disasters were not) but because the ideal humans were supposed to exist like the Things they served. The art that did not mobilized the workers to produce more and better was bourgeois. The cities were split into categories of food and goods supply, as different as the landscapes of the jungle and the desert. Poverty was imposed on the people in order to prevent the accumulation of money and, therefore, relative independence of the state. Of course, the people were told that they were the did die june not selected some, happiest and luckiest on earth, and my impression was that the vast majority were grudgingly satisfied.
The human nature, driven by the brain cells filled with liquid protoplasm and not silicone crystals, was a bad material for a machine controlled by a single hand. When the money started to accumulate in the pockets of the criminals and ruling elite, the Soviet system collapsed. An inquisitive and stubborn youth, growing in such atmosphere and being a voracious reader of books written outside the workers paradise, I fell under the life long influence of Montaigne and Lucretius who persuaded me of my inborn right to mentoring essay, have my own judgment on any subject and on all of them. Today, in a diametrically opposed world, animated with the same human nature, in spite of all my historical fatalism, it gives me irrational creeps, it gives me creeps to see the familiar specter of society subordinated to the overwhelming goal of growing production. The specter, sublimated from the fire and smoke of the first steel mills of Industrial Revolution, is still haunting the globe, this time in Victoria Secret's lingerie, embraced by all powers of Europe. A specter is haunting Europe--the specter of communism. All the powers of old Europe have entered into did die essay jordan june not selected some us a holy alliance to exorcise this specter: Pope and Czar, Metternich and changing roles Guizot, French Radicals and German police spies. Communist Manifesto, by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. The ideology of Communism, therefore, was only a derivative of the ideology of production. It is a very unsettling idea. The Soviet industrial machine was a lousy, inefficient, and bleak prototype of the future, a macabre toy of evolution.
Its very poverty, however, was a solution for did die jordan us, a scenario of home recording depleted resources of essay energy. Heavy, fleshy, vulnerable, gluttonous, hedonistic humans, who need food and water, have no chance in competition with the chips subsisting on solar energy, even if they engage in sex from dawn to mentoring essay, dusk, clone themselves by hundreds, and combine it with watching the silicone entertainment. The billions will have to die, like the billions of acorns falling from the oak trees, of hunger, thirst, and war: before the birth. The Pandora box of industrial growth, to which we owe our freedom, wealth, and comfort, seems to be one of a few (if not the only one) really new, new evolutionary drawers. In fact, it is part of june some us a more general drawer of biological growth. Life is growth through replication and it leads to competition, and competition leads to evolution. A population or a large taxonomic unit (species, genus, family) may survive for a long time because it is not a single organism. A tightly built social mechanism with only one brain, heart, and blood circulation is doomed as any single organism. This is mentoring essay why the did die jordan not selected us, single Soviet social organism died, spilling its genes into papers a pile of essay rusty but enthusiastic little screws.
As soon as we have one system, its fate is death. Death is the thermodynamic corollary of uniqueness. Anything that exists in one copy, like ourselves, is sentenced to death by the laws of nature. This is why all empires die. This is why death is mentoring essay embedded in the genetic code of anything global and did die june us super. I would even predict that as long as there is one Internet, it will be dying by drowning in the sewage of spam and viruses. This is what private property is about: it keeps society alive by fences and dams. The Internet will split into essay best help gated communities and the inner city and the Web will not be free.
We already see it happening. The freedom of june some us choosing a button on a menu is not really freedom, but this is the natural course of things. Short Essay Is The? The alternative of the did die jordan june some, natural course of things is the virtual course of things, and the alternative of both of them is the artificial course of things. But I am carried away. Home Recording? I am slipping into the doom and did die essay jordan not selected us gloom harangues, which I hate. A fatalist must be cool. Anyway, how can be the frozen, rigid, oppressed, and poor Soviet Union put side by side with the home recording, free, dynamic, fluid, and affluent America? I would never see my Soviet past in this kind of light and would never connect it to my present life, if I did not use a different kind of essay jordan some us vision: through the pattern eye. Changing Gender Roles Essays? Whether I look at it with pattern eye or the eye of a dragonfly, octopus, or the ( -- red ) Eye of Horus, I do not see any alternative, however.
As Rip van Winkle, I missed about did die essay not selected some ten years of modern American history when I came from Russia. The older history was rather well reflected in the Soviet sources, including such episodes as the release of The Godfather : there was a decent review, but not the movie itself. Paper? Instead, I have been watching, fascinated, the next fifteen years of the New World, from the end of the Reagan era to the advent of Internet, and to the collapse of the technology bubble. I have a strong impression of a massive tectonic change in the American society. It is the offense of corporate ideology on individualism. Did Die Essay Jordan June Not Selected Some? I have lost a good deal of my belief in the power of individualism. In the absence of an open frontier, the lonely hero of the westerns becomes a sci-fi rider of short help best nonexistent worlds.
Neverteless, I can see that an individual, even with trimmed power, can still survive and jordan not selected find peace of mind in this society, without clinging to a bunch, wearing a secret uniform, and short help is the best help breeding numbers. While the power of numbers against the one is growing, what exists in one copy is art. Is that a countercurrent? See APPENDIX 4. Thank God, I can still end with a question mark: How to essay some us, make sense of the help is the, world we live in? witty, and did die essay jordan june some deep site of home recording J.D.Casnig with a complete. course of the language of metaphors and many. ingenious texts and imaginative tests.
This remarkable site is now under renovation at http://knowgramming.com. Essay Jordan Some? The concepts of Set and Energy are in the very foundation of our understanding of Everything. They deserve separate Essays. For in-depth Set , see in Stephen Wolfram's wonderful MathWorld , part of Eric Weisstein's ScienceWorld that remains connected to the real world of non-mathematicians and is, actually, created for them. Like Aristotle (Essay 37, On the Soul ), Eric Weisstein and his colleagues call for reconstruction and failure, illustration and metaphor in difficult cases of fundamental ideas, see, for example, the poetic and crystal-clear Manifold (author: Todd Rowland). Essay June Some? Weissteisn's goal is a larger project to collect and roles essays make available detailed mathematical and scientific information in a way most accessible to lay people.
ScienceWorld includes also chemistry, astronomy, and biography. A great and necessary complementary site is jordan june not selected some us Principia Cybernetica. It tries to reconstruction essay, tackle age-old philosophical questions with the help of the most recent cybernetic theories and technologies. It includes DICTIONARY. Did Die Jordan Us? It looks like another archipelago is taking shape: The Everything Islands. Here are some islands of the Humanity group: There are much more minor islands and rocks emerging from the water of home recording oblivion. For example: Isidore-of-Seville . 560-636, was the author of Etymologiae, the early Medieval encyclopedia, surprisingly comprehensive.
Here are the contents of eight out of twenty volumes of his amazing work: book four, treats of medicine and libraries; book five, of law and chronology; book nine, of languages, peoples, kingdoms, and official titles; book eleven, of man; book twelve, of beasts and birds; book thirteen, of the world and its parts; book sixteen, of stones and metals; book twenty, of victuals, domestic and agricultural tools, and furniture. Everything is not a good term, but I cannot find anything else. The best sounding word is Minden : the Hungarian for Everything. Hebrew Olam is not bad either. Jordan Not Selected Us? Is Pannomia (or Pannomy ) correctly derived from Greek as the reconstruction success and failure essay, term for the knowledge of essay jordan june some Everything? By the way, Pannonia or Pannomia was a Roman province, now Hungary. On August 16, 1941, Stalin, Zhukov, and other commanders of the reconstruction and failure, Army Headquarters issued Order No 270. The Order implied that the essay jordan not selected, [Soviet] troops taken prisoners are malicious deserters and phd research papers their families must be arrested as the families of the deserters who violated the did die essay jordan june not selected some, Military Oath and betrayed their Motherland. The history of Communism is an incredibly shocking record of horror stories. So was the history of the early Industrial Revolution. Phd Research Papers? Lord Ashley repeats the testimony of several workwomen: M. H., twenty years old, has two children, the youngest a baby that is tended by the other, a little older.
The mother goes to the mill shortly after five o'clock in the morning, and comes home at eight at night; all day the milk pours from her breasts, so that her clothing drips with it. H. W. has three children, goes away Monday morning at five o'clock, and comes back Saturday evening; has so much to do for the children then that she cannot get to bed before three o'clock in the morning; often wet through to did die essay not selected, the skin, and obliged to work in that state. She said: My breasts have given me the most frightful pain, and I have been dripping wet with milk. The use of narcotics to keep the children still is fostered by this infamous system, and has reached a great extent in the factory districts. Home Recording? 4. Again, what is art? Anything that is useless but made with love. I am only half-serious. The serious part is did die jordan us that this is why people love art. For the changing gender, same reason, before the twentieth century, most scientists loved science. People like to make love.
The knowledge of animal vision is did die jordan not selected some us narrow science that is of no use for the absolute majority of people. I consider it art, therefore. Here are some interesting love-made sites about short essay is the help vision. What about an insect and did die jordan june a human? (this is a page in a remarkable, for the travelers of my archipelago, site of Paul Avery). What is the Eye of Horus?
See the site of phd research Dee Finney, which is an example of Web art made with love, even if you hate mysticism.
Essay Writer for All Kinds of Papers -
Nonfiction Book Review: SOME OF US DID NOT DIE: New and
comanche book report The Hungate Massacre. This site may be freely linked to but not duplicated or copied in any fashion without permission. We'll never forget. The Denver Commonwealth , June 15, 1864, indicates the mother and daughters were found about 400. yards from the house. The report commonly called the did die jordan june us, Freighter's Report, dated June 13 ( Official. Records of the War of the Rebellion, Series I, Vol. XXXIV, 354 ) indicates the mentoring essay, bodies were found 100. yards from the house.
As will be seen later, because of the proximity of the house with Running Creek, the 100 yard estimate makes more sense. Perhaps the newspaper article mistyped 400 for 100. Creek anywhere from a few miles north of Highway 86 to jordan not selected, a few miles south of Highway 86. I determined. my location according to the affidavits in the Dietemann Indian Depredation claim, which is mentoring essay noted in did die essay not selected some us, the. Group 123. Changing? National Archives Building, Washington, DC.
Armies (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1891), Series I, Volume XXXIV, Part IV, 319-320. Hereafter cited as Official Records . Notice that in this appended note Evans says that the Hungate. killings occurred in the afternoon. Thus it was impossible for him to be aware of it in Denver at 12:00 p. m., June 11, which is implied in did die june not selected us, the original missive. Jesse Owens Research Paper? Also, the june us, messenger is said to have had his house. burned, too.
It is possible that Thomas Darrah was a neighbor of the Hungates, suffered lost stock at. about the time things went tragic for the Hungate family, went to Denver to report his loss and on the. way discovered the Brown loss (which was on the road to Denver), informed Brown in mentoring essay, Denver of his. loss, then delivered the order to Davidson from Evans. It is after this that the Hungates are discovered. murdered.
Darrah, Corbin and Brown inform Governor Evans of the murders late in jordan not selected some us, the evening of. June 11. Reconstruction And Failure Essay? In other words, Darrah reports to Evans twice, once on June 10 (his stock is stolen plus. Brown's stock is stolen), and again late in the day on June 11, this second time accompanied with the. other freighters, and did die essay jordan not selected us, now with the research paper, news of the did die essay june not selected us, Hungate murders. chronology is that Evans first hears of the stolen stock from mentoring essay Darrah, and essay some, after responding to this. depredation, he later learns of the Hungate murders. Comanches, Apaches, Kiowas, the northern band of Arapahoes, and all of the Cheyennes , with the. Sioux, have pledged one another to go to war with the whites as soon as they can procure ammunition.
in the spring. I heard them discuss the matter often and the few of them who opposed it were forced to. be quiet and were really in danger of the loss of their lives … the principal chiefs pledge to phd research papers, each other. that they would shake hands and be friendly with the whites until they procured ammunition and essay june not selected some, guns, so as to be ready when they strike. Plundering to get means has already commenced, and the plan is.
to commence the war at several points in the sparse settlements early in the spring. ( Official Records , 100, emphasis added). Press, 1961), 58-59; Margaret Coel, Chief Left Hand: Southern Arapaho (Norman, OK: University of. Oklahoma Press, 1981), 189-190; Gary Leland Roberts, Sand Creek: Tragedy and Symbol (Ann. Arbor, MI: UMI Dissertation Services, 1984), 244-245; Ed. L. Miller, Murder at the Hungate Place , 97- 100, 129-132. The ranch hand, Mr. Miller, gets added to the affair in mentoring essay, 1892, when an unidentified man is. there reported to have been with Nathan Hungate when they saw the ranch on fire.
The unidentified. man races to Denver while Nathan rushes to some, his death in a vain attempt to save his family. See The. Denver Republican , May 27, 1892. Mr. Miller is named as the unidentified man in 1935, when Van.
Wormer's daughter has her account of the deaths recorded in The Colorado Magazine , Vol. 12, 1935. On this standard view, the messenger reporting to Evans is mistaken as Miller. 1890, 20-21, Record Group 75, National Archives Building, Washington, DC. ultimately rejected from compensation. The cause for rejection was not that the claims were deceitful, but rather that there was some technicality in filing. The claims consulted for this article were not. approved. Philip Gomer's claim was rejected because he was residing in Indian Territory in 1864. The.
land was not turned over for settlement until October 14, 1865. And Failure? Gomer was unable to prove he was. lawfully residing in Indian Territory at essay some, the time of his losses. No file exists for the Hungate family, but the. likelihood is that claim would also have been denied for the same reason. Center, The University of Oklahoma, Sidney Clarke Collection, Box 6, Folder 32, Norman, Oklahoma. Group 123. National Archives Building, Washington, DC.
from Gomer's sister, Martha Quinlan, who states that she was at the home, alone, and witnessed the. lone Indian steal the stock. She further states that it was shortly after the noon meal that a man rode. by and said the Hungate family had all been murdered by Indians. Paper? This contradicts what Catherine.
Ferguson said in her 1865 affidavit that it was only after returning from trying to recover the stolen. stock that she was informed of the Hungate murders. Obviously if she knew of the Hungate murders. before the lone Indian stole the horses she would have been very reluctant to follow him for did die, two miles. in an attempt to recover the horses. Mentoring Essay? It is possible that there were two adjoining homes, with one woman. in each home, and thus both women report what they remember. While this could explain the. discrepancy in testimony, the fact that neither affidavit mentions the essay jordan june not selected some, other woman being present, coupled with the short essay is the, fact that Quinlan's affidavit is taken August 27, 1886, more than twenty years after. Catherine's testimony, it is more likely that Martha Quinlan was not present on the ranch June 11, 1864.
place June 10 is overwritten as June 9 or 10), 1864, and Darrah's testimony simply states that his loss. was suffered at the same time of Brown's loss. Studying the did die essay jordan june some us, file however, shows the more likely. scenario that Darrah suffered his loss and then discovers the mentoring essay, Brown depredation and informs Brown of. such (in Denver). For that time sequence to occur, it appears more likely that their losses occurred at. least a day before the Hungates were murdered. Group 123. National Archives Building, Washington, DC. had been little molestation on the trails to and from Denver, hence there was little need to be well.
armed, a fact noted in the affidavits of the depredation file several times. The purpose of freighting was. to deliver the goods to their destination, so there was not time to hunt near the trail, and thus little need. for rifles and jordan june us, having each teamster armed. Of course, this changed after June 11, 1864. Indians came over the hill yelling and papers, flirting buffalo robes. There were two Indians then; they were 20. or 25 feet of the mules when I first saw them.
The Indians dashed in between the wagons and men and. where the mules were. The Indians rode between the mules and the wagons. When this dash was. made the men were in front of the train from june not selected some us 5 to 20 feet of it, varying.
When the dash was made we. rushed out to do all we could to get hold of the gender essays, stock, but they were frightened by the buffalo robes and. this prevented us from getting them. Jordan June Some? We had small fire arms, two or three in mentoring essay, the train. All the men did. not have arms. To the best of my knowledge only three wore arms. In the essay jordan not selected some, excitement the fire arms were.
not thought of changing gender roles essays until the stampede was thoroughly started and the horses and mules were taken. There. were horses and mules in the train besides those belonging to claimants. There were four tied to did die some, a. wagon. The wagon was joining ours in the corral of success and failure wagons.
I do not remember the name of the owner. It was one wagon and one man; he asked to travel with us. He was with our men when the attack was. made. There were 8 men in all, 7 of Brown Brothers' men and one unknown man. Essay Jordan June Us? The man who owned. the four mules tied to the wagon refused to let us have them and declined to join in the pursuit himself. I asked him for reconstruction success and failure essay, the use of the mules. Jordan? He positively refused and broke down and mentoring essay, cried like a child when I. had temporarily taken them by force, guaranteeing to pay for the mules if lost.
He did not join in the. pursuit. The man was about 35 years of age. He had been traveling with us five or six days. He did not. finish the trip with us. He went ahead of us. We used two of his mules in pursuit of the Indians. Did Die Essay Not Selected Some Us? The. other two were so wild we could not get on them.
We followed the Indians from about noon until dusk. Statement of Loss, 13. discrepancy in the Brown depredation file regarding the Hungate home. In what appears to be the. earliest affidavit, dated February 9, 1888, the typed deposition says the mentoring essay, Hungate home was burned, but the word burned is essay june us crossed out and mentoring essay, the word pillaged is placed in its stead.
The earliest. documents about the Hungate murders all state that the cabin was burned to jordan june some us, the ground, and indeed, the evidence from modern archeology reinforces that fact. It appears the later report was amended. because of the further statement that a note was pinned on the cabin. Perhaps the note was simply.
pinned on some wooden object that somehow escaped the burning. (Lincoln, KS: Lincoln County Historical Society, 2003), 76, 118. March 2, 1867. Part 1, Department of the Platte, Letters Sent, 1867, Record Group 393, National. Archives Building, Washington, DC. Dr. Ed. Home Recording? L. Jordan Not Selected Us? Miller of the University of changing gender Colorado at Boulder, the chair of my dissertation committee in. 1998, the Moores gave me permission to metal detect the site, which is today a pasture. Did Die Essay June Not Selected Some Us? The site is.
about 100 yards to the south of owens paper County Line Road and about 150 yards east of Running Creek and. about 200 yards west of the junction of County Line Road (Rd 50 for Arapahoe County and Rd 194 for. Elbert County) with Rd 29. The precise location is identified as the N. E. Did Die Essay June Some? quarter of Section 3, T6S, thus supporting the hypothesis of the mentoring essay, house burning. the Rocky Mountain Research Division, Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service, and. Richard Harmon, noted Indian wars archeologist and weapons expert respectively. Nearly all of essay june us the. items were dated from the era of gender 1864. Did Die Essay Jordan June Not Selected? The most remarkable item was the gender roles, exploded Warner carbine. The Spencer shell casings were established as being fired from the essay jordan june some, Warner.
The Warner carbine had. exploded when it was fired, not because of the house fire. This indicates it was fired repeatedly until it. became too hot and the barrel then slightly separated from the stock, thus causing it to explode when. fired.
It was then burned. Changing Roles Essays? What is remarkable about this weapon is did die essay jordan some that it was brand new in. manufacture in 1864 and is today a rare weapon to collect. That it is linked to reconstruction success, the Hungate site shows. that Nathan was well armed in weapons, and further, he had the money to jordan not selected some, acquire such a weapon. The. analysis of jesse paper this weapon alone solidified for me the belief that there was a siege at essay jordan some, the Hungate place. The other weapons would have been stolen by the Indians, and there would not have been an. exploded Warner if Nathan Hungate was away when the Indians attacked his family, killed them, pillaged the house and then burned it, thus alerting Nathan from the and failure essay, ensuing smoke that his family was. in grave danger, which is the standard view of the Hungate tragedy.
It is false. unpublished article An Overview of the Ward Hungate Family Massacre, Akerley repeats the standard. interpretation of what befell the Hungate family. Both articles are unpublished but available at the. Aurora History Museum, Aurora, CO.
recorded instances involving Cheyenne and Arapahoe warriors. In 1865 a similar tragedy befell the. William Morris family near present-day Merino, Colorado. See Nell Brown Propst, Forgotten People: A. History of the South Platte Trail (Boulder, CO: Pruett Publishing Company, 1979), 90-92. in the Denver Westerners Roundup, VOL. LX, No. 1, January-February 2004.
It is reprinted on this web site with the express permission of the author. plus artifacts and. recovered there, is. available for $12. New Information on the 1864 Hungate and 1868 Dietemann Murders. © 2003 All Rights Reserved. and their house burned along Box Elder Creek about thirty miles southeast of Denver City.
Nathan, originally from. McDonough County, Illinois, was twenty-nine. His body was located about a mile from the burned home. Ellen Eliza. Decker, originally from Pennsylvania, married Nathan in Cass County, Nebraska Territory on January 21, 1861. Not Selected Us? Born. August 3, 1838, she was twenty-five when murdered. Daughter Laura, born in the fall of 1861, was not yet three when. killed.
Little Florence was a week shy of five months when she died with the rest of her family. Ellen and her daughters. were found about home recording one hundred yards from the jordan not selected, destroyed home. Mentoring Essay? 1. brother-in-law Anton Schindelholz, were returning to their adjoining cabins along Comanche Creek, located just south. of where present Highway 86 crosses Comanche Creek about four miles southeast of present-day Kiowa, probably. just south of and within visual distance to the highway. Essay Jordan June Not Selected Us? 2 When reaching the Stage Station known then as Running. Creek, situated about jesse research nine miles south of where the Hungate massacre occurred four years earlier and two miles. north of present-day Elizabeth, they were informed that the Indians had raided homesteads along Comanche Creek. and that a woman and her child had been killed.
Apollinaris immediately knew this was probably his wife and one of his. children, as his homestead on Comanche Creek was the only one at that time that included a family. 3. complete story. Of course, with the essay jordan, subsequent infamous event at Sand Creek on November 29, 1864, the Hungate. murders are more commonly featured in history books as the motivation for retaliation at Sand Creek. Mentoring Essay? There is more. information, however, that can be learned regarding both of these family murders. This comes from an archeological. survey done at the site of the Hungate murders, and from heretofore-untapped files housed in the National Archives. Building in Washington, DC.
These files come from long neglected Indian Depredation Claims. devastating flood in Denver shortly before the Hungate murders that destroyed the presses of jordan june some The Denver Rocky. Mountain News , their murders were reported in The Denver Commonwealth on June 15, under the title Indian. Depredations – Murder of an entire family: Brown, about thirteen miles from this city, on roles essays, the 'cut-off,' while the teamsters, four in. number, were preparing supper. Essay Not Selected Some Us? Two of the men pursued the Indians some thirteen. miles, until they came in essay, sight of about 120 head of ponies, horses and mules, when. they judiciously returned to the wagons, as the Indian camp was evidently near….
On. Saturday afternoon, the buildings of the ranche of jordan june some us Mr. Home Recording? Van Wormer, of this city, on. Living Creek, thirty miles southeast of Denver, were burned down by Indians, as were. the buildings of the next ranche. Mr. Hungate and family, who occupied Mr. Jordan June Us? Van. Wormer's ranche, were barbarously murdered by the Indians. The bodies of Mrs. H. and two children were found near the house --- They had been scalped, and mentoring essay, their.
throats cut. A later report brings news of the discovery of Mr. Hungate's body, about a. mile from the same place. Mocassins, arrows, and other Indian signs were found in the. vicinity. Jordan June Not Selected Some Us? The bodies of these will be brought to the city this afternoon, and essay help best help, will, at essay june not selected us, the. ringing of the Seminary bell, be placed where our citizens can all see them. And Failure Essay? 4. 12 p.m. June 11, Territorial Governor John Evans wrote Col. John M. Chivington, commanding the military district in.
Colorado, informing him of depredations occurring in did die essay june not selected us, the vicinity of Coal Creek and Box Elder Creek, the other name. for Running Creek. Though the document is dated as 12 p.m., this is probably a mistake, and Evans really meant. 12:00 a.m., June 12. Apparently the missive was not sent to Chivington until early June 12, for appended to the.
document with a June 12 date is this note: ranch, 10 miles south of the cut-off road, on essay on self is the, Box Elder. He says that yesterday. afternoon the Indians drove off his stock, burned Mr. Van W.'s house, and murdered. a man who was in Mr. Van W.'s employ, his wife, and two children, and burned his. informing Evans of the loss by theft to Indians of 49 mules and one horse, the incident noted above and did die essay june some, reported in. The Denver Commonwealth for June 15. Reconstruction Success Essay? Mr.
Darrah was one of the three messengers that reported to Governor. Evans of the jordan june, Hungate murders, as will be shown later. Home Recording? In yet another report dated June 11, Evans orders Captain. Joseph C. Davidson to pursue and punish the offending Indians. Essay Jordan Not Selected Some? Davidson is there informed that Darrah will guide his. detachment of fifty men to where it was believed the Indians were in camp.
6 This report was probably written before. the report sent to Col. Chivington with the appended announcement of the murder of the Hungate family. along Running Creek. On his way to Denver to report the theft and seek military assistance in recovering the stolen. stock he comes upon the Brown freighters and learns of home recording their loss. June Not Selected Us? He informs Brown in Denver of his loss thirteen. miles away, and the two go to Governor Evans and make their report. Evans then writes his order to Davidson and.
Darrah volunteers to short essay is the help, deliver the order. Meanwhile Brown gets his friend Corbin and together they go to where his. freighters are stranded with their wagons. Learning that his wagon master had recovered enough stock to bring the. wagons into Denver he then leaves with Corbin to search for his remaining stolen stock. They soon meet up with. Darrah and did die essay not selected some us, a company of soldiers and owens, later discover the Hungate massacre. It is at this time that Darrah learns that. his cabin has been burned, which would have occurred while he was away reporting his loss of stock. The soldiers. leave and the three freighters then find Nathan Hungate's body about a mile away from his house.
They then go to. Denver and report the murders to Governor Evans late in the day on june us, June 11. Evans then appends his order to. Chivington informing him of the murders. The affidavits in the Brown depredation claim support this sequence of. Hungate killings.
Speaking of a Mr. Johnson, who resided nearby at a lumber mill, the report notes that Johnson and. others from the mill had first discovered the bodies of Mrs. On Self Help Is The Best? Hungate and her two children, and did die essay june some us, had removed them to. ruins and the house burned to the ground. About 100 yards from the desolated ranch.
they discovered the body of the murdered woman and her two dead children, one of. which was a little girl of four years ands the other an infant. The woman had been. stabbed in several places and scalped, and the body bore evidences of having been. violated. The two children had their throats cut, their heads being nearly severed from. their bodies. Up to this time the body of the essays, man had not been found, but upon our.
return down the creek, on the opposite side, we found the body. It was horribly mutilated. and the scalp torn off. Jordan June Not Selected Some Us? The family are spoken of by their neighbors as having been very. worthy and excellent people.
7. This comes from the Arapahoe Chief Neva, who participated in the Camp Weld Conference, held near Denver on. September 28, 1864. Home Recording? In this conference Governor Evans asks the jordan not selected, seven Indians present, who killed the Hungate. family? Neva responds that it was a small party of four Arapahoes, led by Medicine Man, or Roman Nose, and three. others. 8 This contradicted an earlier report given to mentoring essay, Governor Evans just four days after the massacre. In this.
report, Robert North, a man who was married to an Arapahoe woman and had lived and traded among the Indians. for years, warned Evans the fall before that the Indians were only jordan june not selected some trading for arms and ammunition in anticipation of. a general Indian war for the purpose of driving all white people from Colorado. He then identifies the Arapahoe. Notnee as being with the party that killed the Hungates: Notnee, an Arapaho Indian, who was here with him and mentoring essay, Major Colley last fall, spent the. winter on june, Box Elder. He was mad because he had to give up the stock that he stole.
from Mr. Van Wormer last fall. He thinks he was with the party who murdered the jesse research paper, family. on Mr. Jordan June Not Selected? Van Wormer's ranch and stole the stock in the neighborhood last Saturday, but.
thinks that the most of the party were Cheyennes and Kiowas. 9. Weld Conference noted above are what contemporary historians use to mentoring essay, depict the Hungate massacre. What come. later are reminiscences from june not selected some pioneers, and it is from these accounts that certain embellishments to phd research, the murders. begin to develop. These embellishments, I believe, deter one from understanding the actual truth of june what happened. Nevertheless, modern authors, culling from all of these sources, develop this scenario, which can be called the. standard view. It is not correct: Nathan Hungate was away from his home, working the ranch with a ranch hand.
named Miller when the Indians surprised Ellen and her children. His family is soon killed, the house then looted and. burned, and Nathan then learns of the tragedy when he sees smoke coming from the direction of his home. While he. goes to his now burning home he is overtaken by the murderous Indians and reconstruction essay, killed before getting there. While. Nathan races to his death the ranch hand, Miller, turns his tracks to did die jordan june not selected some us, Denver, where he soon reports the massacre to. the authorities, and is thus the messenger noted in phd research, Evans' reports. 10. documents present a clearer picture of what was happening at the time the Hungates were murdered. Further, modern archeological evidence points to an entirely different understanding of the massacre than the standard view.
from individual Indian depredation claims housed in Record Group 123. Record Group 123 is not the did die essay june us, only record. group housing depredation claims. But it is the largest, housing about 10,000 separate claims, and mentoring essay, it is from this. record group that are found the did die essay some, claims of John S. Brown, one of the freighters noted in the report of June 12 by. Governor Evans, and again in the report dated June 13, 1864. Philip Gomer also filed a claim for his losses at this.
time. Gomer owned the mill near the Hungate place where the bodies were first taken. 1796 Congress first passed laws allowing for compensation for U.S. Research? citizens who had property stolen by Indians in. treaty with the United States. Compensation for a successful claim was to be taken from the june some, annuities provided in the. various Indian treaties. This law was tweaked and changed many times over the ensuing decades, but the driving.
thought behind it was twofold: to phd research, prevent settlers from seeking revenge against the depredating Indians (education), and to cause the Indian to did die essay some, refrain from committing depredations (civilization). The claims were processed through. the Civilization and Education Division of the Office of the Department of the Interior, Office of Indian Affairs. Mentoring Essay? 11. The law worked both ways. If an Indian suffered property losses from an American citizen, then they could petition. congress to reimburse them for their loss, and compensation to the grieved Indian would come from the U.S. raiding Indians had to jordan june not selected some, be in amity with the United States, which usually meant the Indian tribe and the United States. had agreed to essay on self help help, an existing treaty. Sworn affidavits had to be signed by victims of Indian assaults, including at least. two witnesses who could testify to the merits of the losses and essay june us, the truthful character of the victim.
The Indian tribe. responsible for the depredation had to be identified, and there had to be an investigation at which time the claim was. presented to the tribe and the tribe's response was received. Jesse Paper? If the depredation occurred on Indian land, the. claimant had to produce evidence showing their permission to be in Indian Territory. 12 Only occasionally do the. offending tribe admit to committing any depredations. Essay Jordan? A special agent with the Department of the Interior would then. investigate the claim as to research paper, the validity of the losses and the amounts of the goods stolen or destroyed.
Often the. agent would not allow the entire dollar amount detailed in the claim to jordan june us, be accepted. was barred from compensation. However, so many claims were denied on this statute of phd research limitation that Congress in. 1885 removed the three-year time clause, effective back to 1873. Thus, several thousand claims were re-filed in the. United States Court of jordan june not selected Claims for final adjudication. But it was the following requirement that today makes such. claims a rich and useful research haven: unnecessary repetition, the changing, facts upon did die june us which such claims are based, the persons, classes of jesse persons, tribe or tribes, or band of Indians by whom the alleged illegal acts were committed, as near as may be, the property lost or. destroyed, and the value thereof, and any other facts connected with the transactions and material to the proper. adjudication of the case involved.
The petition shall be verified by the affidavit of the claimant, his agent, administrator, or attorney, and shall be filed with the clerk of said court. It shall set forth the full name and residence. of the claimant, the damages sought to be recovered, praying the court for a judgment upon the facts and did die jordan not selected some us, the law. 14. neighbor to where the Hungates lived.
While Gomer himself testified that he was away in home recording, Denver at the time of the. raid, like Isaac Van Wormer, he had a ranch hand that lived at not selected us, the ranch and took care of his stock. Gomer's main. business was ranching and freighting. Mr. Ferguson and his wife, Catherine Calander Ferguson, were living at the. ranch when the Indians raided it on June 11. Ferguson himself was away and Catherine was left alone. On March. 26, 1866 Philip Gomer testified that the raiding Indians were Arapahoe and Cheyenne and murdered one entire.
family, known as the home recording, Hungate family, driving off his stock and a large amount for Mr. Van Wormer and others…. Did Die Jordan Not Selected Us? 15. afternoon a lone Arapahoe Indian approached her house and took the horses picketed and grazing nearby. Mrs. Ferguson quickly mounted another horse and followed the changing roles essays, Indian for nearly two miles in an attempt to recover the. horses. The Indian, though armed, did not try to molest her but rather kept the did die jordan june not selected us, horses just out of her reach. Mrs.
Ferguson finally went to a neighbor's house and reconstruction success essay, enlisted a man to did die jordan, assist her in trying to recover the horses. By this. time though, the home recording, Indian was able to essay june us, escape with the jesse owens paper, horses. She said, however, that it was subsequent to this that. she learned of the did die essay some, deaths of the Hungates. 16. pages of affidavits, of which more than 75 pages are relevant to the Indian raids occurring at the time of the Hungate.
murders. Included in the affidavits is one by Thomas J. Darrah, one of the short on self help, freighters who wrote the report to Captain. Maynard on June 13. Darrah was also in did die essay jordan not selected, the freighting business, and had apparently suffered his loss of mules. shortly before Brown, probably on June 9. It is Darrah who reports to John Brown, who was in Denver at the time, of. the loss, probably on June 10, of several mules from Brown's freighting excursion to Denver.
17 Junius Brown had. overseen the loading of six wagons in Atchison, Kansas in early May. Younger brother John Brown was awaiting the. goods to be delivered to jesse research, Denver, 640 miles from did die jordan june not selected some us Atchison. Mentoring Essay? The Browns would usually average two trips per did die jordan june not selected season, each round trip taking about sixty days. Research? This was the first one for 1864. They had been in the freighting business.
by four mules, for not selected us, a total of reconstruction essay twenty-six mules and two horses. Six men drove the six wagons, with a seventh man. serving as wagon master. 18 When the party was just thirteen miles from Denver, they had stopped on Coal Creek. near a watering hole, to prepare dinner (the noon meal) and not selected some, rest the and failure essay, animals. They unharnessed the animals, placing them about seventy-five feet from the wagons, where the mules then began to essay jordan june not selected us, roll on the ground.
It was. about twelve o'clock in owens research paper, the afternoon, June 10. The men were in the process of making a fire to cook their meal. Wagon master John Hammer, twenty-two at the time, testified what happened next: At first I saw two Indians come. dashing by did die june not selected some us the mules, flirting buffalo robes.
It frightened the mules and drove them away. They were unharnessed, prepared to graze, and rolling near the help, wagons in the road. 19. and the boldness of the essay june not selected us, raid, the freighters had forgotten to use their pistols to changing gender essays, prevent the theft. Did Die Not Selected? All twenty-eight. animals bolted. The Indians had placed themselves between the essay, rolling animals and the freighters. When this. happened Hammer ran to the nearest mule, but just as I made an essay not selected some, effort to catch a mule one of the Indians threw a. dart fastened to a lariat rope, and in dodging it I fell to the ground and the mule got away from me.
21 There was. a seventh wagon with the wagon train, a lone man who met the freighters on the road about phd research papers six days earlier and. asked if he could join the train. His four mules, however, were wild, and did die june some us, when the other mules were unhitched the. four wild mules had to be tied to the lone man's wagon, or else they would have run away. his own hands, Hammer then informed the unidentified man that he was going to use the mules anyway, and he. would be reimbursed later if the home recording, mules were hurt or lost. However, none of the mules had ever been ridden and did die essay june some us, only.
two could be successfully mounted. Hammer and another man, Joseph Ferguson, then went in mentoring essay, pursuit of the. scattering stock, while the man who initially refused the use of did die jordan not selected some his mules, broke down and research paper, cried like a child…. Did Die Essay June Not Selected Us? 22. join the Indians Hammer and phd research, Ferguson were pursuing. Did Die Jordan Some? By this time eight other Indians had joined with the mentoring essay, other two. All of the Indians were armed with rifles.
During the chase and before the other Indians joined the two being. pursued, the Indians would drive the herd as fast as possible, and flirt robes at our wild mules to head us off when. ever they could get a chance. When the herd would scatter the two pursuing freighters were able to did die jordan june some, cut out those. that were the slowest and and failure essay, fell behind.
23 In this way Hammer and Ferguson were able to recover eight mules. before ending the recovery effort. With these recaptured mules they then returned to did die essay june not selected, where the raid began. The. next day John Brown, with his friend Corbin, arrived to where the wagons had been stopped prior to the raid. The. eight mules were then used to slowly bring the wagons into Denver while Brown and Corbin went in the direction the. Indians ran with the stolen stock, hoping to still recover them.
24. Maynard in gender roles essays, command. The above Darrah, had before informing us of our loss, carried an. order from Capt. Maynard to essay jordan not selected us, have those troops [under command of Lt. Reconstruction? Dunn] to go over. to Running Creek, to march from Cherry Creek to Coal Creek and back in 48 hours. Did Die Essay Some? We. went to Box Alder [sic] and traveled about 14 miles up Running Creek, where we found the. soldiers in camp eating dinner, and was also joined by Thomas J. Darrah.
After dinner the. soldiers saddled up and traveled up the papers, creek, we in jordan not selected some, company with them. A few miles up. the creek we found Hungate's cabin pillaged and a note pinned on the cabin, signed by a. party from Gomer's Mill, containing the information that Mrs. Hungate and two children. were killed; a short distance from the cabin we left the reconstruction and failure, soldiers as they had to did die june, return. Hungate killed and jesse owens paper, scalped. We made a report of it in town and the bodies of the. Hungates' were brought into where is now Denver City, and buried. 25. and subsequently delivering a message from Captain Maynard to Lieutenant Dunn of the 1st Colorado Volunteers,
Darrah stayed with the soldiers until the next day: we followed the trail of the Indians until we came to a cabin which had been pillaged on. which we found a note signed by a party from Gomer's Mill, stating that Mrs. Hungate and. her two children had been killed and were at the mill. Essay Jordan June Not Selected Us? We skirted around in the timber. looking for Mr.
Hungate but did not find him. At a short distance from the Hungate cabin we. left the soldiers as they had orders to return. We then started for the station at Box Elder. and on the way found Mr. Jesse Owens Research Paper? Hungate killed and scalped. We reported it to the stage station. and at Denver and the bodies were brought in to where the City of Denver now is and. Hungate place, where they then learned of the murders. This implies that the same Indians they had been chasing.
were involved with the Indians that had killed the Hungates, with their murders occurring subsequent to the two. freighter's pillaged stock. Did Die Jordan June Not Selected? Second, Darrah identifies himself and Brown as then reporting the deaths in Denver, thus. making them the messenger to Governor Evans noted in Evan's June 12 addendum to his earlier letter to. Chivington of June 11. 27 This is further supported by yet another report from Governor Evans.
Indian Affairs. The report makes it clear that the jesse owens, messenger reporting the Hungate murders was plural: miles up Cherry Creek under orders to join the regiment east of Fort Lyon. Did Die Essay Jordan June Some? On that night. three messengers came in from the owens, settlements some ten or twenty miles east of this. place, on Box Elder Creek, and reported an extensive stampede of stock, including some. 50 or 60 head of did die june not selected mules, and the murder of an entire family, a man named Hungate, his. wife and two children, and owens paper, the burning of their house.
The scalped and horribly mangled. bodies were brought to the city yesterday. 28. stock in and around the area between Box Elder/Running Creek and Coal Creek for at least two days before the. murders.
How big was this party? Elsewhere in the Brown depredation file it is noted that a total of not selected us 113 mules were. stolen between June 9 and roles, June 11. 29 In Evans' report dated June 11 he there notes 49 mules lost to Brown, Darrah and others. We can assume that Darrah's loss is did die jordan june not selected some us similar in numbers to Brown, but this still leaves. unaccounted about fifty mules/horses taken from help is the help other persons, in order to jordan some us, account for the final number of 113. stock stolen.
Nathan Hungate and Isaac Van Wormer lost some, but probably much less than what is still. unaccounted for. So what does this signify regarding the Indians involved in this large raid that culminates in reconstruction success essay, the. murders at the Hungate home? The raiding warriors had to be a large party of Indians in order to be able to jordan june not selected some, divide. and commit their various sorties. It must have been at least twenty Indians at the fewest, and mentoring essay, probably more, perhaps as many as fifty or sixty. It wasn't a haphazard raid conducted by a small number of Indians. It was a large.
raid, and large raids take planning and careful execution in order to achieve success. 30. us a more complete understanding of the number of Indians involved and what was happening at the time when the. Hungates were killed, still unanswered is the question why they were murdered. Why were they killed when it is. obvious from the testimony of Hamner in the Brown depredation claim and Catherine Ferguson in the Gomer claim. that the Indians doing the raiding, while armed, were not interested in molesting people? There had been no killing.
while the jordan june not selected some us, Indians were depredating for at least two days until the Hungates were murdered. So why were they killed? Indians were about to start a major war against encroaching white people residing in Colorado Territory and. surrounding states/territories and jesse paper, thus the Hungates were the first in this new war. The other is that a vengeful.
Arapahoe, Notnee, retaliates against Van Wormer by killing his ranch hand and essay not selected some us, family. Neither of these hypotheses, however, holds water. To the first, if a general war were being commenced, then the armed Indians would have at. least tried to kill those people encountered in stealing stock before and after the Hungates were killed. But in success and failure, fact. the opposite occurs. Thus North, even if reporting the truth of not selected some us what he observed the preceding fall, is changing gender roles essays wrong, at. least, for June 9-11, 1864.
What happens later that summer along the immigration/freighting trails is another matter. If there is did die essay us a direct road to Sand Creek from earlier events in 1864, it does not originate in the Hungate murders. Rather, it germinates from the many murders that occur on and near the Santa Fe and Platte River trails throughout. the summer but after the Hungates were killed. The Hungate murders fuel the thirst for retaliation, but the Indian war. of 1864 is really about the subsequent raids along the trails of immigration and freighting. recently discovered at the Hungate homestead site via the use of changing metal detectors. This new evidence points to the. hypothesis that the Hungates were burned out of their home before they were murdered, and only after they had.
made a staunch defense using as many as five weapons that were later burned because they were left inside the. burned out home. Did Die Essay? Had the Hungates been killed before the house was burned these weapons would have been. stolen by the Indians before torching the house. In addition to the weapons, many personal items recently. discovered at and failure essay, the original home site also would have been stolen rather than left and destroyed by fire. And if the.
house was burned during a siege, it is more likely that Nathan was present and not the standard view, which claims. that he saw his house burning from a distance and died coming to his family's assistance. Further, a more likely. motive for burning the house and then killing the Hungates would be that Nathan probably shot and killed one of the. raiding Indians when the Indian's first raided the ranch, either late in the day of June 10, or early in the morning of. this time, was simply to steal stock. If it was to start a general Indian war, then why wasn't Mrs. Ferguson killed, or. the freighters associated with Brown and Darrah?
And if there were 113 mules and horses stolen during this time, why weren't the other victims of theft also killed? Something had to have gone bad during the raid at the Hungate. place that would motivate such retaliation. June Some Us? And in order to take the time to burn the family out of their home, there. must have been several Indians present, or else Nathan would have in all probability been able to keep them from. torching the mentoring essay, house. This fact is what makes the did die june, vengeful Notnee hypothesis unreasonable.
home on the afternoon of June 10, then perhaps it all began in papers, the early evening on did die jordan june some us, that day when Nathan might. have killed one of the marauding Indians. That would make their retaliation to begin in the early hours of reconstruction success essay June 11, the house finally being burned down a few hours later, and then the family killed when their only choices were to. burn to death in the house or flee in terror from the engulfing flames. of it from the freighters in the late evening that day. Further, this understanding makes more sense than the idea. that a pouting and angry Notnee, with perhaps three other Indians, chastised by having to give back some stock he. earlier stole, would then return and viciously kill two baby girls, violate and murder Mrs. Hungate, and essay jordan some us, surprise and.
kill a worried Nathan coming to check on the welfare of his family, all to get even with Van Wormer. Papers? That is simply. a senseless scenario, as is Neva's claim that Medicine Man and three other Indians killed the Hungates. No, it took. more than four Indians to kill the did die june not selected some, Hungate family, and mentoring essay, the best motive for that would be to avenge another Indian's. death, an Indian likely killed by Nathan as the warrior attempted to steal stock from near the home. the larger party that killed the young family. It is did die june us even possible that Notnee was with the small raiding party when. Nathan surprised and home recording, killed or seriously wounded one of the Indians.
For that matter, perhaps Medicine Man was. also involved. But what is not plausible is did die some us that the motive for on self is the help, killing Nathan and his family was anger at being. chastised for an earlier theft at the Van Wormer site. Equally implausible is that it was only a few Indians who were. responsible for the murders. past and one in the present. One is another newspaper account in The Denver Commonwealth of June 15.
This. article is jordan june not selected us infrequently mentioned in contemporary writings on the Hungate massacre. What is important in this article. is that it places Nathan at the home when the Indians attacked his family. That it is recorded just three days after the. murders adds credence to its reliability. After reporting on the murders, the article continues: from Running Creek. Mr. F. is one of the party that went after the bodies. He says that the.
woman was found about four hundred yards from the house, with the children both in her. arms –- one a babe three or four months, and one, a little girl about two years old. The. bowels of the reconstruction and failure essay, younger one were ripped open, and its entrails scattered by the sides of the. mother and children. The body of the man was found about two miles from the house, but. his whip was found at the [burned] ruins, and some other marks seemed to indicate that he. had first been attacked there, and finding himself overpowered, had made an effort to. but what is important is the fact that it was believed at the time that he was present and tried to escape. Essay Jordan Us? The second. primary source evidence is simply the knowledge how Indians retaliated when one of short help their tribe was killed.
Brevet. Major General C. C. Augur, commanding the jordan june not selected, military division of the jesse research, Department of the Platte, noted in an order he. sent that it is did die essay jordan june not selected a well known rule with Indians that when injured, they retaliate upon mentoring essay the first favorable occasion that. offers. 32 This first favorable retaliation often involved innocent people, but in the case of the did die essay not selected some us, Hungate family, Nathan in all likelihood provided the Indians their desire for short essay on self help is the best, retaliation by shooting one of the did die jordan not selected us, Indians raiding his. ranch.
It is already known from the other depredations that the raiding Indians were split up into small numbers, so it. was probably just a few Indians who approached his ranch for the purpose of stealing stock. Nathan, seeing the theft, probably shot one of the changing gender roles essays, Indians. necessary means and time to set Nathan's house on fire. Essay Jordan June Some? They would have carefully assaulted the house from all. sides, in order to get close enough to torch it. Three or four Indians couldn't have accomplished this with any. success, as Nathan could have defended his family as long as he had ammunition.
No, it had to be a larger party, and such a party needs a motive to retaliate. Notnee's motive of anger at Van Wormer is not enough, nor was he and. two or three other Indians capable of flaming the house while the family was inside defending themselves. Recovered. artifacts from the Hungate home site support this new interpretation. Indeed, it is the artifacts themselves that.
produced this interpretation. what artifacts might be uncovered via metal-detecting. 33 What was recovered is remarkable. What is no doubt still. in the ground must be equally significant. Mentoring Essay? It clearly shows that a siege occurred at the Hungate place. The following. items were recovered: as large as a palm of a hand.
5 bottle stems and one bottle plug also found. Pieces varied in size from a dime to essay jordan not selected some, the hand of papers a child. different harmonica reeds and one metal pitch pipe; silver back of a pocket watch; silver thimble, brass thimble; three. brass boot heels; four suspender catches; three brass buttons for did die jordan june not selected some us, a woman's dress, 2 glass buttons, one ivory. button; one spoon, one fork, one handle to a knife; several pieces of lanterns, from wicks to changing roles, control knobs; one. clothing iron; numerous pieces of lead for making bullets, many melted; an 1862 and 1863 Indian head penny, both. with minimal circulation wear, one burned; one four inch square brass lock for wooden chest; twenty pounds of. unidentified metal; one brass U.S. Major General Officer Staff button; one U.S. cavalry bridle buckle. fired .56 caliber Spencer; 3 unidentified fired .44 caliber; 1 impacted fired, unidentified .50 caliber; 4 unidentified fired.
shaped .32 caliber pistol casings; 5 small Henry .44 caliber casings; 8 .32 caliber casings; 10 various other 1864. dated metallic casings. WEAPONS: Brass firing plate of 1864 Warner Carbine, exploded while being fired, and burned; unidentified .32. caliber 5 shot pistol, unloaded and burned in jordan us, fire; burned barrel of pepper box pistol, probably .22 caliber; brass. plate covering trigger for 1862 Colt pistol, Serial Number 27644 (1862); trigger mechanism for home recording, unidentified rifle; brass. cover for muzzle loading powder case. 35. metal detect the Hungate massacre site. His finds corroborate the above noted finds, including, for jordan june not selected some, example, a. burned silver thimble, several harmonica reeds, buckles, horse and changing roles, mule shoes, nails, stove fragments, several .44. caliber Henry and .56 caliber Spencer casings, impacted lead bullets, ceramic pieces and civilian buttons. These.
items were all donated to june not selected some us, the Cherry Creek Valley Historical Society, as was his thirty-one-page report. 36. burned in a fire supports the hypothesis that there was a siege at the Hungate place. The most impressive evidence. for this has to be the breech of a Warner Carbine, one of the rarest carbines from the Old West. The carbine had.
exploded when it was fired. The best explanation for this is home recording that it was fired repeatedly until it became so hot that the. barrel separated from the did die essay jordan june, stock and when fired the changing essays, last time the essay june some us, inability for mentoring essay, the bullet to pass into the barrel caused it. to explode. The many recovered Spencer shell casings support this hypothesis. What was not recovered at the site was the Henry rifle. The many Henry shell casings support the did die not selected some us, hypothesis that.
this rifle was also fired many times. There is a plausible explanation why this rifle was not recovered. When the. flames of the burning house finally forced the family to flee, this was the weapon Nathan probably carried when he. left the inferno. Nathan's most effective weapon had exploded during the siege (the Warner carbine), and his most. effective weapon remaining would have been the Henry. A Henry rifle in 1864 represented what would become one of. the most popular rifles of that era.
It was a repeating rifle, capable of gender roles maintaining sixteen rounds before being. reloaded. The likelihood is this is the weapon Nathan took with him when he fled the burning house. Perhaps his. hope was to make it to the stage station on Running Creek. That is the direction he fled, anyway.
Probably his. murdered family was found one hundred yards from the burned house in this same direction Nathan fled, i.e., toward. Box Elder Creek. They may have traveled that far before his family fell victim to did die essay not selected some, their fate. Nathan knew the paper, Indians. would kill him. Perhaps he hoped they wouldn’t do that to his wife and young daughters. Did Die Jordan Not Selected? 37 Regardless of his. thinking, he was able to make it more than a mile before he ran out of ammunition and then fell victim to his murder.
Van Wormer in the spring of 1864. Home Recording? 38 He came well armed, but probably without much understanding of how to deal. with Indians. The biggest mistake he ever made in his life, a mistake that his whole family consequently suffered from, was to did die essay jordan us, take the and failure, law into his own hands, so to speak, and shoot an Indian, whose purpose for encountering the. Hungate family was not murder, but theft. By killing, or gravely wounding this unknown Indian, Nathan gave the.
raiding Indians their motive for retaliation. He and not selected some us, his family paid the ultimate price in their tragic, untimely and. horrendous deaths. After their bodies were removed to Denver, they were placed in pine boxes and phd research papers, buried in what is. today Cheesman Park. In 1892 they were removed from there to their final resting place at Fairmont Cemetery. since 1985. He received his M.A. degree at Baylor University in 1976, and earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy from the. University of Colorado-Boulder in 1998. Prior to teaching, he was a detention counselor with the some us, Arapahoe County. (Colorado) Sheriff’s Department and Treatment Director for the Salvation Army Adult Rehabilitation Center.
Westerners Roundup, Greasy Grass, and Research Review. Reconstruction And Failure Essay? He was awarded the Lawrence A. Frost Literary Award. from the Little Big Horn Associates , and contributed a chapter, Libbie Custer's Encounter with Tom Alderdice . . .The. Rest of the Story , ( Custer and His Times , Book 4, Little Big Horn Associates, 2002). Did Die Jordan June Not Selected Us? Dr Broome’s book, Dog Soldier. Justice: The Ordeal of Susanna Alderdice in the Kansas Indian War (Lincoln County Historical Society, Lincoln, Kansas, 2003), is now in its 2nd printing. Indian Massacres in Elbert County, Colorado: New Information on the 1864 Hungate and 1868 Dietemann Murders.
Hungate massacre site, plus artifacts and personal items recovered there. Available for $12. New Information on. the 1864 Hungate. and 1868 Dietemann. Broome discuss his. Justice: The Ordeal. Alderdice in the. Kansas Indian War. with Mike Rosen on. is private, and papers, e-mail addresses are not sold to spammers.
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Some of us did not die: new and selected essays of June Jordan - Trove
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